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Project Title:

The Potential for Light-duty Vehicle Technologies, 2010-2050: Costs, Impacts, Barriers and Timing
PIN: DEPS-BEES-09-04        

Major Unit:

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Sub Unit: DEPS Board on Energy & Environmental Systems

RSO: Crane, Alan

Subject/Focus Area: Energy and Energy Conservation; Engineering and Technology; Transportation and Infrastructure


Project Scope
The NRC will appoint an ad hoc study committee to conduct a comprehensive analysis of energy use within the light-duty vehicle transportation sector, and use the analyses to conduct an integrated study of the technology and fuel options (including electricity) that could reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. As was accomplished with the NRC Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies:  A Focus on Hydrogen study, the study will address the following issues over the time frame out to 2050:

Assess the current status of light-duty vehicle technologies and their potential for future improvements;
Assess the status and prospects for current and future fuels and/or electric power (e.g., for plug-in hybrids) that would be needed to power the vehicles;
Develop scenarios or estimates of the rate at which each of the vehicle technologies considered might be able to penetrate the market and what would be the associated costs, greenhouse gas emissions and petroleum consumption impacts. This would also include the infrastructure needs either for production of the vehicles or supplying the energy requirements for the vehicles. Costs would be put on a consistent basis to serve as a better index of comparing options;
Identify the barriers that might exist to a transition to these vehicle and fuel technologies;
Compare the results to those obtained in the Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies:  A Focus on Hydrogen report, as well as the America’s Energy Future reports, and make comparisons based on similar assumptions and cost and benefit calculations;
Recommend improvements in, and priorities for, the federal R&D program activities to accelerate the development of the most promising technologies;
Suggest policies and strategies for achieving up to 80 percent reduction in petroleum consumption and carbon dioxide emissions by 2050 through commercial deployment of the light-duty vehicle technologies analyzed in the study;
Write a report documenting the analyses, conclusions, and recommendations.

To the extent possible the committee will consider issues relating to vehicle duty cycles, regional distinctions, and technology development timelines and will build on the recent work of the National Academies reports as well as other recent studies that have been conducted.

The project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy/ Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. The approximate start date for the project is June 29, 2010. A report will be issued at the end of the project in approximately 24 months


 
Project Duration: 24 months    

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Contact the Public Access Records Office to make an inquiry, request a list of the public access file materials, or obtain a copy of the materials found in the file.


Committee Membership
Committee Membership

Meetings
 Meeting 1 - 10/21/2010
 Meeting 2 - 12/14/2010
 Meeting 3 - 02/01/2011
 Meeting 4 - 03/21/2011
 Meeting 5 - 05/11/2011
 Meeting 6 - 06/27/2011
 Meeting 7 - 08/10/2011
 Meeting 8 - 09/12/2011
 Meeting 9 - 10/05/2011
 Meeting 10 - 12/14/2011
 Meeting 11 - 01/25/2012
 Meeting 12 - 03/29/2012
 Meeting 13 - 05/15/2012
 Meeting 14 - 07/11/2012

Reports

Reports having no URL can be seen
at the Public Access Records Office
Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels