Dr. William S. Marras - (Chair) - (Chair)
WILLIAM S. MARRAS (NAE) is the Honda Chair Professor in the Department of Integrated Systems Engineering at Ohio State University, and holds joint appointments in the Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery, Physical Medicine, and Neurosurgery. Dr. Marras is also executive director and scientific director of the Spine Research Institute and the executive director of the Institute for Ergonomics. His research is centered on understanding the role of biomechanics in spine disorder causation and its role in the prevention, evaluation, and treatment of spine disorders. His research includes epidemiologic studies, laboratory biomechanics studies, mathematical modeling, and clinical studies. His findings have been published in over 200 peer-reviewed journal articles, and have been cited over 15,000 times. He also has written numerous books and book chapters including his most recent book entitled The Working Back: A Systems View. He holds Fellow status in six professional societies including the American Society for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and has been widely recognized for his contributions through numerous national and international awards including two Volvo Awards for Low Back Pain Research. Professor Marras has been active in the National Research Council (NRC) having served on over a dozen boards and committees and has served as Chair of the Board on Human Systems Integration for multiple terms. He has also served as Editor-in-Chief of Human Factors and is currently Deputy Editor of Spine and is the immediate past President of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Dr. Marras recorded a TEDx talk entitled “Back Pain and your Brain” and was recently featured on NPR’s All Things Considered. He received a B.S. in engineering from Wright State University, an M.S.in industrial engineering from Wayne State University, a Ph.D. in bioengineering and ergonomics from Wayne State University, and a D.Sc. Honoris Causa from the University of Waterloo.
Dr. Bruce G. Berg
University of California, Irvine
BRUCE G. BERG is an associate professor in the Department of Cognitive Sciences at the University of California, Irvine. His research interests are in theoretical psychoacoustics, signal detection theory, and auditory attention. Early in his career, he originated the technique of adding noise to stimuli as a means for investigating attention, an experimental method that is now in wide use across several domains (e.g. vision, human performance). A recent application of the technique concerns the use of tri-tone stimuli that can be discriminated on the basis of either pitch, loudness, or timbre (i.e. roughness). The technique provides an objective determination of the subjective cue actually used by any individual listener, thus allowing confirmation of compliance to instructions to attend to one of the three cues. Contributions to theoretical psychoacoustics include a proposal that the peripheral filtering characteristics of the auditory periphery are different for spectral and temporal processes. He has served as an ad hoc reviewer for NSF grants. He received a Ph.D. from Indiana University in Psychology and was awarded a NIH Postdoctoral Fellowship from Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital where he used signal detection theory to investigate the strategies of radiologists in reading images.
Dr. Linda Ng Boyle
University of Washington
LINDA NG BOYLE is a professor at the University of Washington with joint appointments in the Departments of Industrial and Systems Engineering, and Civil and Environmental Engineering; she is also chair of the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering. She is director of the Human Factors and Statistical Modeling Lab, which focuses on the examination of complex datasets to gain insights on human performance and behavior as they interact with systems. The primary goal of this work is to enhance operator safety and reduce the risk of injuries and fatalities. She is a member of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, American Statistical Association, and Institute of Industrial Engineers. She is the associate editor for the journal Accident, Analysis and Prevention, and the chair of the Transportation Research Board, Committee on Statistical Methods. She received her PhD in civil engineering from the University of Washington.
Dr. Frederick R. Chang
FREDERICK R. CHANG (NAE) is the Executive Director of the Darwin Deason Institute for Cyber Security, the Bobby B. Lyle Endowed Centennial Distinguished Chair in Cyber Security, and Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering in the Lyle School of Engineering at Southern Methodist University (SMU). He is also a Senior Fellow in the John Goodwin Tower Center for Political Studies in SMU’s Dedman College and a Distinguished Scholar in the Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law at the University of Texas at Austin. Additionally, Chang’s career spans service in the private sector and in government including as the former Director of Research at the National Security Agency. Dr. Chang was elected as a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 2016 and has been awarded the National Security Agency Director’s Distinguished Service Medal. He is currently a member of the Intelligence Community Studies Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine and he has served as a member of the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Academies. He is the lead inventor on two U.S. patents and has twice served as a cybersecurity expert witness at hearings convened by the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space and Technology. Dr. Chang received his B.A. degree from the University of California, San Diego and his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Oregon. He has also completed the Program for Senior Executives at the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Dr. Lorrie Faith Cranor
LORRIE FAITH CRANOR is Professor of Computer Science and of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University where she is director of the CyLab Usable Privacy and Security Laboratory (CUPS) and co-director of the MSIT-Privacy Engineering masters program. In 2016, she was on leave from CMU while serving as chief technologist at the US Federal Trade Commission. She is also a co-founder of Wombat Security Technologies, Inc. She has authored over 150 research papers on online privacy, usable security, and other topics. She has played a key role in building the usable privacy and security research community, having co-edited the seminal book Security and Usability (O'Reilly 2005) and founded the Symposium On Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS). She also chaired the Platform for Privacy Preferences Project (P3P) Specification Working Group at the W3C and authored the book Web Privacy with P3P (O'Reilly 2002). She has served on a number of boards, including the Electronic Frontier Foundation Board of Directors, and on the editorial boards of several journals. She was named an ACM fellow for her contributions to usable privacy and security research and education, and was named an IEEE fellow for her contributions to privacy engineering. She was previously a researcher at AT&T-Labs Research and taught in the Stern School of Business at New York University. Dr. Cranor received a Ph.D. in engineering and policy from Washington University in St. Louis.
Dr. Charles A. Czeisler
CHARLES A. CZEISLER (NAM) is Baldino Professor of Sleep Medicine at Harvard Medical School; senior physician, Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, in the Departments of Medicine and Neurology at Brigham and Women's Hospital; affiliated faculty, Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School; chief of the Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders at, Brigham and Women's Hospital; and director of the Division of Sleep Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Czeisler’s laboratory research is focused on understanding the neurobiology of the human circadian pacemaker, located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus, and its interaction with the sleep homeostat, and on applying that knowledge to clinical medicine and occupational health. He is examining the role of the pineal hormone melatonin in the organization of sleep and circadian rhythms. He is investigating the physiological mechanism underlying photic resetting of the human circadian pacemaker, having shown that some blind people without sight can retain normal circadian responsiveness to light. He is also investigating how the timing, duration, intensity, and wavelength of light affects its circadian resetting capacity, which is mediated through intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells containing the novel photopigment melanopsin. His current research is aimed at functional determination of the photoreceptor(s) responsible for circadian vision in humans, on adaptation of circadian photoreceptors, and on the after-effects of entrainment on circadian period in humans. He is investigating how circadian and homeostatic processes interact to regulate sleep and neurobiological function during wakefulness. Other ongoing research includes examining novel wakefulness- and sleep-promoting countermeasures, the effect of exercise on the circadian pacemaker, fMRI of the sleep deprived brain, the influence of aging on sleep and circadian rhythms, the influence of chronic sleep restriction on human performance, the influence of space flight on sleep and circadian rhythms, and the application of this research to night workers-including medical residents and police-through the work of the Harvard Work Hours, Health and Safety Group. Dr. Czeisler received an A.B. in biochemistry and molecular biology from Harvard College, a Ph.D. in neurological and behavioral sciences from Stanford University, and an M.D. in medicine from the Stanford University School of Medicine.
Dr. Jeanne F. Duffy
JEANNE F. DUFFY is Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and a Neuroscientist in the Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders at Brigham & Women’s Hospital. Dr. Duffy is also the Director of the Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders Program within the Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders at Brigham & Women’s Hospital, and is Director of the Partners HealthCare Chronobiology Core. She is a clinical researcher who has published more than 80 peer-reviewed papers in the fields of sleep and chronobiology, and her research interests include basic and applied aspects of circadian physiology in humans, how the circadian timing system impacts sleep and subsequent waking performance, and factors contributing to individual differences in circadian rhythmicity, sleep timing, sleep duration, and response to sleep loss. She joined the faculty at Harvard Medical School in 2000, and is a preceptor for the institutional Training Program “Sleep, Circadian and Respiratory Neurobiology”; is a faculty member for the Fellowship in Geriatric Psychiatry program in the Division on Aging; serves as a laboratory host for several outreach programs sponsored by Harvard Medical School; and directs a program that trains undergraduates in clinical research techniques. Dr. Duffy is a reviewer for numerous scientific journals and funding agencies within the U.S. and abroad, serves on the editorial boards of the journals Sleep, Journal of Biological Rhythms, and Sleep Medicine Research, and is the Secretary-Treasurer of the Sleep Research Society. Dr. Duffy received an M.B.A. from the Simmons School of Management and a Ph.D. in biology (physiology and neurobiology) from Northeastern University.
Dr. David J. Heeger
DAVID J. HEEGER (NAS) is Silver Professor and a professor of psychology and neural science at New York University (NYU). Dr. Heeger was a postdoctoral fellow at MIT, a research scientist at the NASA-Ames Research Center, and an associate professor at Stanford before coming to NYU. Dr. Heeger’s research spans an interdisciplinary cross-section of engineering, statistics and data science, psychology, and neuroscience. He studies visual perception and visual neuroscience, by developing computational theories of neural processing in the visual cortex of the brain, and by testing predictions of those theories using psychophysical (perceptual psychology) measurements of human vision, and neuroimaging (fMRI) measurements of human brain activity. He has also developed algorithms for computer vision, image processing, and computer graphics applications. These algorithms serve as the basis for Heeger’s theoretical / computational neuroscience work, and insights from perceptual psychology and visual neuroscience serve as the motivation and design criteria for the engineering applications. He has published over 125 journal papers and is a co-inventor on six patents. He was awarded the David Marr Prize in computer vision, an Alfred P. Sloan Research fellowship in neuroscience, the Troland Award in psychology from the National Academy of Sciences, and the Margaret and Herman Sokol Faculty Award in the Sciences from New York University. Dr. Heeger received a B.A. in mathematics and a Ph.D. in computer science, both from the University of Pennsylvania.
Dr. John Lach
University of Virginia
JOHN LACH is professor and chair of the Charles L. Brown Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Virginia. He is also a founder and co-director of the UVA Center for Wireless Health. His research interests are body sensor networks for biomedical and healthcare applications, integrated circuit design techniques, dynamically adaptable and real-time embedded systems, fault and defect tolerance, safety-critical system design and analysis, general-purpose and application-specific processor design, and field programmable gate arrays. He has been the PI or co-PI on over 30 grants totaling over $9M (over $3.5M directed to his laboratrory) and has published over 100 refereed papers, including three best paper awards. He is currently working with a large group of graduate and undergraduate student researchers.
Dr. William W. Lytton
SUNY Downstate Medical School
WILLIAM W. LYTTON is professor of physiology and pharmacology, neurology, biomedical engineering at the State University of New York Downstate Medical Center. He uses computational neuroscience to try to forge links between disparate findings from normal and abnormal brain function. His primary research areas are modeling electrophysiological processes pertinent to epilepsy and modeling abstract neural networks to understand recovery from stroke and the basis of cognitive processes. His research efforts have been directed towards development and application of new conceptual and technical tools of computational neuroscience. Development projects have primarily been aimed at integrating the computer-science-derived top-down techniques of artificial neural networks with neuroscience-derived bottom-up techniques. Application projects have been largely aimed at the problems of understanding neurological disease, particularly epilepsy and stroke. He served on the program committee for the Computation and Neural Systems Meeting and as a reviewer for various scientific journals and funding agencies. Dr. Lytton graduated from the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1983.
Prof. David A. McCormick
DAVID A. MCCORMICK (NAM) is Dorys McConnell Duberg Professor of Neuroscience and professor of psychology; vice director of the Kavli Institute for Neuroscience; and director of the Swartz Center for Computational Neuroscience at Yale University. Dr. McCormick’s research interests include cellular mechanisms by which the cerebral cortex operates, both normally and abnormally, using a variety of electrophysiological and advanced imaging techniques. He is interested in the function and dysfunction of the cerebral cortex and thalamus, two major parts of the brain that are especially well developed in the human. He investigates the precise neuronal mechanisms by which circuits in these brain regions operate during sleep and waking, how their activity is generated, and how they respond to stimulation of sensory receptors, such as visual, auditory, or touch inputs. He is investigating the basis by which animals adjust their brain to perform a task optimally and what is happening in the brain when it is operating efficiently and doing the task well. His research has found that an intermediate level of arousal or stress results in optimal performance and that this is mediated by a brain state that is well prepared to response to stimuli, analyze that input, and make the appropriate response. These alterations in state are controlled by neurotransmitter systems that project over the entire brain. He is examining whether or not alterations in these neurotransmitter systems may contribute to a variety of neurological disorders. Dr. McCormick received a B.A. and a B.S. in mathematics and psychology from Purdue University and a Ph.D. from Stanford University.
Dr. Katherine L. Morse
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
KATHERINE L. MORSE is a member of the Principal Professional Staff at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory where she researches technologies for improving distributed simulation. She was previously a Technical Fellow and Assistant Vice President of Technology at SAIC. She received her B.S. in mathematics (1982), B.A. in Russian (1983), M.S. in computer science (1986) from the University of Arizona, and M.S. (1995) and Ph.D. (2000) in information & computer science from the University of California, Irvine. Dr. Morse has worked in the computer industry for over 30 years, more than 15 of them contributing to open international standards. She has performed research and development in the fields of modeling and simulation, narrative engagement, systems and software engineering, computer security, online instruction, voice recognition, and compilers. Dr. Morse has made significant contributions to nearly a dozen international standards, including leading the development of the Federation Engineering Agreements Template (FEAT) standard. She has served in multiple leadership positions in the Simulation Interoperability Standards Organization (SISO). Her Ph.D. dissertation is on dynamic multicast grouping for data distribution management, a field in which she is widely recognized as a foremost expert. She is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Dobro Slovo, ACM, and a senior member of IEEE. Dr. Morse was the 2007 winner of the IEEE Hans Karlsson Award.
Dr. Shirikanth Narayanan
University of Southern California
SHRIKANTH S. NARAYANAN is the Andrew J. Viterbi Professor of Engineering at the University of Southern California (USC). His research interests are in human-centered sensing, computing and information processing. He is also a professor at the Signal and Image Processing Institute of USC's Electrical Engineering department and holds joint appointments as professor in computer science, linguistics and psychology. He is also the inaugural director of the Ming Hsieh Institute at USC, and directs the Signal Analysis and Interpretation Laboratory (SAIL). Prior to USC he was with AT&T Bell Labs and AT&T Research from 1995-2000. Dr. Narayanan is a fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has received a number of research and education honors including Best Transactions Paper awards from the IEEE Signal Processing Society in 2005 and 2009, appointment as its Distinguished Lecturer for 2010-2011, and a 2015 Distinguished Engineering Educator Award from the Engineers’ Council. He has published over 650 papers and has been granted sixteen U.S. patents.
Dr. Stephen F. Sands
STEPHEN F. SANDS is chairman and chief science officer at Sands Research, LLC. This is his second successful corporate venture after the formation, building, and sale of the leading supplier of research EEG systems to The Marmon Group. Dr. Sands, with Mr. Ron Wright, co-founded Neuroscan, Inc., which became the market leader in EEG software and equipment to over 2,500 universities and corporate and national research laboratories. Dr. Sands was instrumental in introducing many innovations which were new to the discipline of neuroscience and are today accepted practices for recording high-density in EEG and evoked potential research. Dr. Sands performed postdoctoral work at the National Eye Institute in the Department of Sensory Sciences at the University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. He was a research assistant professor at the Graduate School of Biomedical Science Center at Houston, a lecturer at the Department of Psychology at the University of Texas at El Paso, and a member of the technical staff at Bell Laboratories in Naperville, Illinois. Dr. Sands has numerous scientific publications in psychology, behavior, and the neurosciences. Dr. Sands received a B.A. in psychology from California State University, Long Beach, and an M.A.and Ph.D. in biomedical sciences from the University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences.
Dr. Anita Williams-Woolley
ANITA WILLIAMS WOOLLEY is associate professor of organizational behavior and theory at Carnegie Mellon University's Tepper School of Business. At the Tepper School of Business, she teaches MBA and executive education courses on managing people and teams in organizations. Dr. Woolley’s research includes seminal work on team collective intelligence, which was first published in Science in 2010 and has been featured in over 700 publications and media outlets since, including Forbes Magazine, the New York Times, and multiple appearances on National Public Radio. Professor Woolley’s research has been published in Science, Academy of Management Review, Organization Science, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Journal of Organizational Behavior, and Small Group Research, among others. Professor Woolley is a Senior Editor at Organization Science, and has served on the editorial boards for Academy of Management Discoveries, Organization Science, and Small Group Research, and is a member of the Academy of Management, the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, and the Association for Psychological Science. Dr Woolley received a Ph.D. in organizational behavior from Harvard University, where she also earned Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees.
Dr. Barbara A. Dosher
University of California, Irvine
BARBARA A. DOSHER (NAS) is a distinguished professor of cognitive sciences and the dean of the School of Social Sciences at the University of California at Irvine. She studies how humans perceive, remember, and retrieve information using a combination of behavioral testing and mathematical modeling. Her research falls generally into three categories: (1) memory in humans, with emphasis on forgetting and retrieval in explicit and implicit memory and in working memory; (2) attentional processes in adult humans, and their consequences for perceptual efficiency and information processing, with emphasis on visual perception and memory; and (3) the mechanisms of learning and improvement in perceptual tasks. She was a professor in the Department of Psychology, Columbia University, from 1990-1992, and a visiting scholar at Stanford in 1984. She moved to University of California, Irvine in 1992. She is an elected fellow of the American Psychological Society and the Society for Experimental Psychologists, and received the 2013 Howard Crosby Warren Medal of the Society for Experimental Psychologists. At UCI, she is a fellow of the Center for Neurobiology of Learning and Memory and a member of the Institute of Mathematical Behavioral Sciences. She has served on the board and as president of the Society for Mathematical Psychology and on the executive board of the Vision Sciences Society, is a prior associate editor of Psychological Review, and has served on grant review boards at the National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Mental Health.