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Committee Membership Information

Project Title: Integrating Humans, Machines and Networks: A Global Review of Data-to-Decision Technologies

PIN: PGA-PGA-12-01        

Major Unit:
Policy and Global Affairs

Sub Unit: Policy and Global Affairs


Wrightson, Patricia

Subject/Focus Area:  Computers and Information Technology; Engineering and Technology; International Issues; National Security and Defense; Policy for Science and Technology

Committee Membership
Date Posted:   11/29/2012

The Honorable Jacques S. Gansler - (Chair)
University of Maryland, College Park

Dr. Gansler joined the faculty of the University of Maryland School of Public Affairs in 2001, where he holds the Roger C. Lipitz Chair in Public Policy and Private Enterprise. He teaches graduate school courses, and leads the School's new Center for Public Policy and Private Enterprise, which fosters collaboration among the public, private and non-profit sectors in order to promote mutually beneficial public and private interests. Previously, Dr. Gansler served as the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics from November 1997 until January 2001. In this position, he was responsible for all matters relating to Department of Defense acquisition, research and development, logistics, acquisition reform, advanced technology, international programs, environmental security, nuclear, chemical, and biological programs, and the defense technology and industrial base. Prior to this appointment, Dr. Gansler was Executive Vice President and Corporate Director for TASC, Incorporated, an applied information technology company, in Arlington, Virginia (from 1977 to 1997) during which time he played a major role in building the company from a small operation into a large, widely-recognized and greatly-respected corporation, serving both the government and the private sector. From 1972 to 1977, he served in the government as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Materiel Acquisition), responsible for all defense procurements and the defense industry; and as Assistant Director of Defense Research and Engineering (Electronics) responsible for all defense electronics Research and Development. His prior industrial experience included: Vice President (Business Development), I.T.T. (1970-1972); Program Management, Director of Advanced Programs, and Director of International Marketing, Singer Corporation (1962-1970); and Engineering Management, Raytheon Corporation (1956-1962). Dr. Gansler has served on numerous Corporation Boards of Directors, and governmental special committees and advisory boards: including Vice Chairman, Defense Science Board; Chairman, Board of Visitors, Defense Acquisition University; Director, Procurement Round Table; Chairman, Industry Advisory Board, University of Virginia, School of Engineering; Chairman, Board of Visitors, University of Maryland, School of Public Affairs; member of the FAA Blue Ribbon Panel on Acquisition Reform; and senior consultant to the "Packard Commission" on Defense Acquisition Reform. Additionally, from 1984 to 1997, Dr. Gansler was a Visiting Scholar at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (a frequent guest lecturer in Executive Management courses). He is the author of 3 books, a contributing author of 23 other books, author of over 100 papers, and a frequent speaker and Congressional witness. Dr. Gansler is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He holds a BE in Electrical Engineering from Yale University, an MS in Electrical Engineering from Northeastern University, an MA in Political Economy from the New School for Social Research, and a Ph.D. in Economics from American University.

Dr. Mary L. Cummings
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Dr. Cummings is the Boeing Associate Professor in the Aeronautics & Astronautics Department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Director of the Humans and Automation Lab. She spent eleven years (1988-1999) as a naval officer and military pilot earning the rank of Lieutenant, and was one of the Navy's first female fighter pilots, flying an F/A-18 Hornet. She was an instructor for the U.S. Navy at Pennsylvania State University and an assistant professor at Virginia Tech in their Engineering Fundamentals Division. Dr. Cummings’ research interests include human interaction with autonomous vehicle systems, humans and automation, decision support, human-computer interaction, and the ethical and social impact of technology. She has published papers on the role of human operators in system control loops. She attended the United States Naval Academy, graduating with a B.S. in mathematics in 1988; she received her master's degree in Space Systems Engineering from the Naval Postgraduate School in 1994 and her Ph.D. in Systems Engineering from the University of Virginia in 2003.

Dr. Barbara J. Grosz
Harvard University

Barbara J. Grosz is Higgins Professor of Natural Sciences in the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Harvard University. From 2007-2011, she served as interim dean and then dean of Harvard’s Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, and from 2001-2007 she was the Institute’s first dean of science, designing and building its science program. Grosz is known for her seminal contributions to the fields of natural-language processing and multi-agent systems. She developed some of the earliest computer dialogue systems and established the research field of computational modeling of discourse. Her work on models of collaboration helped establish that field and provides the framework for several collaborative multi-agent and human-computer interface systems. Grosz is also known for her leadership in the field of artificial intelligence and her role in the establishment and leadership of interdisciplinary institutions, and she is widely respected for her contributions to the advancement of women in science.

Grosz is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the American Philosophical Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), the Association for Computing Machinery, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 2009, she received the ACM/AAAI Allen Newell Award for “fundamental contributions to research in natural language processing and in multi-agent systems, for her leadership in the field of artificial intelligence, and for her role in the establishment and leadership of interdisciplinary institutions.”

Dr. Anita K. Jones
University of Virginia

Dr. Jones received her Ph.D. in Computer Science from Carnegie-Mellon University in 1973. She left CMU as an Associate Professor when she co-founded Tartan Laboratories. She was vice-president of Tartan from 1981-87. In 1988 she joined UVA as a Professor and the Chair of the Computer Science Department. From 1993-1997 she served at the U.S. Department of Defense where, as Director of Defense Research and Engineering, she oversaw the department's science and technology program, research laboratories, and DARPA. She received the U.S. Air Force Meritorious Civilian Service Award, a Distinguished Public Service Award, and a tribute in the Congressional Record. She served as Vice Chair of the National Science Board, a member of the Defense Science Board, and Co-Chair of the Virginia Research and Technology Advisory Commission. She serves as a member of the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory Corporation, and the National Research Council Advisory Council for Policy and Global Affairs.
Dr. jones is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. She is also an ACM Fellow, an IEEE Fellow, and the author of over 40 papers and two books.

Dr. Amy A. Kruse
Intific Inc.

Dr. Kruse joined Intific in January 2010 as an Executive Director forming their new Neuroscience Division. She has recently lead Intific in the release of their first commercial product, the RealWorld with NeuroBridge software platform. She also directs active Intific programs with the Office of Naval Research (Team Neurogaming), DARPA (ENGAGE, NowTu, Narrative Networks, DCAPS, SMISC), and the intelligence community. Dr. Kruse has over ten years of experience developing novel neuroscience-based programs and technologies for the Department of Defense. From January 2005 to January 2010, Dr. Kruse served as a Program Manager in the Defense Sciences Office at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in Arlington, VA. During her tenure at DARPA, Dr. Kruse managed over nine programs including efforts in Augmented Cognition, Neurotechnology for Intelligence Analysts, Accelerated Learning, and Cognitive Technology Threat Warning Systems among others. Prior to DARPA, Dr. Kruse served as a technology and program management consultant at Strategic Analysis Inc. in Arlington, VA. During her time with SAINC, she provided hands-on technical assistance to nascent neuroscience programs at DARPA, the Office of Naval Research, and the Naval Research labs. She has been actively involved in neuroscience research for over 15 years. Dr. Kruse earned her B.S. in Cell and Structural Biology (1995) and her Ph.D. in Neuroscience (2001) from the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana where she was awarded a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship in Neuroscience.

Dr. George R. Mangun
University of California, Davis

Dr. George R. Mangun is the Dean of Social Sciences in the College of Letters and Science and Professor of Psychology and Neurology at the University of California, Davis. He is also the founding Director of the UC Davis Center for Mind and Brain. Dr. Mangun’s research investigates the cognitive neuroscience of attention. His celebrated coauthored textbook, Cognitive Neuroscience: The Biology of the Mind (W.W. Norton, 2009) is now in its third edition, and has been translated into French, Italian, Portuguese, and with the third edition, Chinese. He has consulted on numerous university, US government, and international scientific panels and advisory boards, including for the National Institutes of Health, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Academy of Finland. He is also an Associate Editor of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience and the Treasurer of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society. In 2007 he was elected a Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science (APS), and in 2010 he was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Prof. Tom M. Mitchell
Carnegie Mellon University

Dr. Mitchell is the Chair of the Machine Learning Department at Carnegie Mellon University and E. Fredkin Professor of AI and Learning. Mitchell is known for his contributions to the advancement of machine learning, artificial intelligence, and cognitive neuroscience and is the author of the textbook Machine Learning. He received his Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1973 and a Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1979. He was elected into the National Academy of Engineering in 2010 "for pioneering contributions and leadership in the methods and applications of machine learning." He is also a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) since 2008 and a Fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) since 1990. Mitchell was also a recipient of the NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award in 1984.

Dr. See-Kiong Ng
Singapore University of Technology and Design

Dr. See-Kiong Ng is the Department Head for Data Mining at the Institute of Infocomm Research (I2R) at Singapore’s Agency for Science, Technology and Research. Before joining I2R (formerly Kent Ridge Digital Labs), Dr. Ng worked as a post-doc at Keio University in Japan, as a senior investigator at Smithkline Beecham in England, and at DNA Sciences, a Silicon Valley biotech startup in the United States. In 1986 Dr. Ng was awarded the prestigious Singapore National Computer Board's Overseas Scholarship. He holds a a B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University (1989, 1994, and 1998) and a M.S. in computer computer science from the University of Pennsylvania (1991).

Dr. Donald A. Norman
Nielsen Norman Group

Dr. Norman is cofounder of the Nielsen Norman Group, former Vice President of Apple and former executive at Hewlett Packard. Norman serves as an IDEO Fellow and is on several company boards and advisory boards. He is Professor Emeritus at the University of California, San Diego, where he served as chair of the Psychology Department and founder and chair of the Cognitive Science Department. At Northwestern University he is the Breed Professor of Design, emeritus and Prof. of EECS, emeritus. He has been a Distinguished Visiting Professor of Industrial Design at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). He has honorary degrees from the University of Padua (Italy) and the Technical University of Delft (the Netherlands), the “Lifetime Achievement Award” from SIGCHI, the professional organization for Computer-Human Interaction, and the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer & Cognitive Science from the Franklin Institute (Philadelphia). He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Association for Computing Machinery, American Psychological Association, Association for Psychological Science, Human Factors & Ergonomics Society, and the Design Research Society. He serves on the Board of Trustees of the IIT’s Institute of Design in Chicago. He is well known for his books, The Design of Everyday Things and Emotional Design. His latest book, Living with Complexity, argues that complexity is desirable: the role of the designer is to make complex things understandable.

Dr. Guillermo R. Sapiro
Duke University

Dr. Sapiro received his B.Sc. (summa cum laude), M.Sc., and Ph.D. from the Department of Electrical Engineering at the Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, in 1989, 1991, and 1993 respectively. After post-doctoral research at MIT, Dr. Sapiro became Member of Technical Staff at the research facilities of HP Labs in Palo Alto, California. He is currently with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Minnesota, where he holds the position of Distinguished McKnight University Professor and Vincentine Hermes-Luh Chair in Electrical and Dr. Sapiro works on the foundations of image processing with applications ranging from consumer imaging to neurosurgery. He has published over 200 peer-reviewed papers and has transferred technology to companies such as Adobe as well as to neuroscientists and DoD and NIH sites. Dr. Sapiro was awarded the Gutwirth Scholarship for Special Excellence in Graduate Studies in 1991, the Ollendorff Fellowship for Excellence in Vision and Image Understanding Work in 1992, the Rothschild Fellowship for Post-Doctoral Studies in 1993, the Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Award in 1998, the Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientist and Engineers (PECASE) in 1998, the National Science Foundation Career Award in 1999, and the National Security Science and Engineering Faculty Fellowship in 2010. Dr. Sapiro is the founding Editor-in-Chief of the SIAM Journal on Imaging Sciences.

Dr. Ross Shachter
Stanford University

Dr. Shachter joined Stanford's faculty directly after receiving his Ph.D. degree. His doctoral dissertation developed a method for purchasing an expert's forecast that encourages accurate revelation of the expert's beliefs as probabilities. Since then his research has focused on the representation, manipulation, and analysis of uncertainty and probabilistic reasoning in decision systems. As part of this work, he developed the DAVID influence diagram processing system for the Macintosh. He has developed models scheduling patients for cancer follow-up, and analyzing vaccination strategies for HIV and Helobacter pylori. He has worked closely with many students in Bioinformatics, where he holds a courtesy appointment. He has been active in the Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, is a full member of INFORMS and its Decision Analysis Society. He has held memberships in the American Association for Artificial Intelligence, the Society for Medical Decision Making, and the Society for Decision Professionals.

Mr. James D. Shields
The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc.

Mr. Shields is the President and CEO of the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, an independent non-for-profit research institution that develops innovative solutions to some of the nation’s most difficult problems in national security and space. The Laboratory also supports pioneering collaborations between traditional engineers and life scientists to demonstrate the value of biomedical engineering in creating systems solutions to healthcare problems that would not evolve if the disciplines worked independently. Previously, Mr. Shields was the Vice President for Programs where he was responsible for developing and executing the Laboratory’s business and strategic plans. He led the organization that is responsible for identifying and capturing new programs. Further, he was responsible for the successful execution of all the Laboratory’s research and development. In addition to his operational role at Draper, Mr. Shields supports a number of senior advisory boards and study panels including the Defense Science Board (DSB), and the Navy Strategic Systems Programs Executive Steering Task Group. He has supported DSB task forces on the Role of Autonomy in the DoD (2011), Cyber Security for Cloud Computing (2011), Time Critical Conventional Strike from Strategic Standoff (2007), Integrating Sensor Collected Intelligence (2007), Uninhabited Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAVs) (2004) and Logistics Modernization (1996). He has supported DSB Summer Studies on Enhancing the Adaptability of U.S. Military Forces (2010), Capability Surprise (2008), Challenges to Military Operations in Support of National Interests (2007), Technology Vectors for the 21st Century (2006), Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction (2005), DoD Roles and Missions in Homeland Security (2003), and Special and Joint Forces in Support of countering Terrorism (2002). He was a member of the AFSAB 2004 Summer Study on Networking to Support Coalition Operations. Leadership roles include co-chairing the Task Force on the Role of Autonomy in the DoD, co-chairing the Integrating Sensor Collected Intelligence Task Force, which is a joint DSB/Intelligence Science Board effort, co-chairing the technology panel of the Capability Surprise Study and co-chairing the technology panel for the DoD Roles and Missions in Homeland Security Study. Prior to joining Draper in February 2001, Mr. Shields had a 28-year career at TASC, Inc., distinguished by a series of positions of increasing scope and responsibility. His final role at TASC was as the Vice President for Strategic Development where he was responsible for the planning process and the creation of TASC’s strategic plans. Previously, Mr Shields held a number of line management positions where he defined and grew several new business areas.

Prof. Liz Sonenberg
University of Melbourne

Dr. Sonenberg is a professor in the Department of Computing and Information Systems and since August 2009 has also had the part-time role of Pro Vice-Chancellor (Research Collaboration) in Melbourne Research. The integrating theme of her research is the conceptualization and construction of more adaptive, distributed, and intelligent information systems. Much of the work focuses on agent technology, which views a distributed system in terms of interacting autonomous software entities. Using the agent metaphor can allow system developers to adopt a level of abstraction in design that is useful for modelling complex tasks and environments, and in building software systems that are robust in the face of change and unexpected events. An important aspect of the research is the requirement of the human-machine interface and consequent implications for the development of computational mechanisms to support decision-making in complex settings. Her specialised interests are: Multi-agent systems - especially collaboration and teamwork, Automated negotiation and decision support, Context-aware computing and technologies for personalization, and Computational modelling of human problem solving.

Dr. Katia Sycara
Carnegie Mellon University

Dr. Sycara is a Research Professor in the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University and holds the Sixth Century Chair (part time) in Computing Science at the University of Aberdeen in the U.K. She is also the Director of the Laboratory for Agents Technology and Semantic Web Technologies at CMU. She holds a B.S. in Applied Mathematics from Brown University, M.S. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Wisconsin and Ph.D. in Computer Science from Georgia Institute of Technology. She holds an Honorary Doctorate from the University of the Aegean (2004). Prof. Sycara is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), Fellow of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) and the recipient of the 2002 ACM/SIGART Agents Research Award. She is also the recipient of the Outstanding Alumnus Award from the University of Wisconsin in 2005. She is a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of France Telecom, and a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Greek National Center of Scientific Research "Demokritos" Information Technology Division. Prof. Sycara has served as the Program Chair of the Second International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2003), as General Chair of the Second International Conference on Autonomous Agents (Agents 98), as the Chair of the Steering Committee of the Agents Conference (1999-2001), as the Scholarship chair of AAAI (1993-1999) and as a member of the AAAI Executive Council (1996-99). From 2001-2003 she served as Invited Expert of the W3C (the World Wide Web Consortium) Working Group on Web Services Architecture and is currently a member of the OASIS Technical committee on the development of UDDI (Universal Description and Discovery for Interoperability) software which is an industry standard. Prof. Sycara is a founding member and member of the Board of Directors of the International Foundation of Multi-agent Systems (IFMAS). She is a founding member of the Semantic Web Science Association, and serves as the US co-chair of the US-Europe Semantic Web Services Initiative. She is a founding Editor-in-Chief of the journal "Autonomous Agents and Multi-agent Systems"; an Editor-in-Chief of the Springer Series on Agents; on the Editorial Board of the Kluwer book series on "Multi-agent Systems, Artificial Societies and Simulated Organizations"; the Area Editor for AI and Management Science of the journal "Group Decision and Negotiation". She also serves on the editorial board of the journal "Agent Oriented Software Engineering", "Web Intelligence and Agent Technologies", "Journal of Infonomics", "Fundamenda Informaticae", and "Concurrent Engineering: Research and Applications". She has served on the editorial board of the "ETAI journal on the Semantic Web" (1998-2001), on the Editorial Board of "IEEE Intelligent Systems and their Applications" (1992-1996), and "AI in Engineering" (1990-1996).

Dr. Alyson Gabbard Wilson
IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute

Dr. Alyson Wilson is a Research Staff Member at the IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute. She is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association and a recognized expert in statistical reliability, Bayesian methods, and the application of statistics to problems in defense and national security.

Prior to joining IDA, Dr. Wilson was an Associate Professor in the Department of Statistics at Iowa State University (2008-2011). She continues as a Collaborating Associate Professor with ISU and a Guest Scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory. From 1999-2008, she was a Project Leader and Technical Lead for Department of Defense Programs in the Statistical Sciences Group at Los Alamos National Laboratory. In this role, she developed and led a portfolio of work in the application of statistics to the reliability of conventional and nuclear weapons. Prior to her move to Los Alamos, Dr. Wilson was a senior statistician and operations research analyst with Cowboy Programming Resources (1995-1999), where she planned, executed, and analyzed U. S. Army air defense artillery operational evaluations. From 1990-1991, she was a mathematical statistician at the National Institutes of Health.

Dr. Wilson has served on numerous national panels, including the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Committee on Mathematical Foundations of Validation, Verification, and Uncertainty Quantification (2010-2011), the NAS Committee to Review the Testing of Body Armor Materials by the U.S. Army (2009-2010), the NAS Oversight Committee for the Workshop on Industrial Methods for the Effective Test and Development of Defense Systems (2008-2009), the NAS Panel on Methodological Improvement to the Department of Homeland Security’s Biological Agent Risk Analysis (2006-2008), and the NAS Panel on the Operational Test Design and Evaluation of the Interim Armored Vehicle (2002-2003). She was on the organizing committee for the Department of Energy Office of Science (DOE/OS) Workshop on Mathematical Issues for Petascale Data Sets (2008), and an invited participant in the Chief of Naval Operations Distinguished Fellows Workshop on Critical Infrastructure Vulnerability (2008), the DOE/OS Workshop on Mathematical Research Challenges in Optimization of Complex Systems (2006), and the DOE Simulation and Modeling for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems Workshop (2006). In 2006, the chaired the American Statistical Association President's Task Force on Statistics in Defense and National Security.

Dr. Wilson is the winner of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Director’s Distinguished Performance Award (2008), the LANL Star Award (2008), the DOE Defense Programs Award of Excellence (2007), and the LANL Achievement Award (2000, 2005). She is the founder and past-chair of the American Statistical Association’s Section on Statistics in Defense and National Security. She is the Reviews Editor (2011-2013) for the Journal of the American Statistical Association and the American Statistician and the Managing Editor (2010-2012) of Bayesian Analysis.

In addition to numerous publications, Dr. Wilson recently co-authored a book, Bayesian Reliability, and has co-edited two other books, Statistical Methods in Counterterrorism: Game Theory, Modeling, Syndromic Surveillance, and Biometric Authentication and Modern Statistical and Mathematical Methods in Reliability. She holds a patent for her early work in medical imaging.

Dr. Wilson received her Ph.D. in Statistics from Duke University, her M.S. in Statistics from Carnegie-Mellon University, and her B.A. in Mathematical Sciences from Rice University.

Dr. Victor W. Zue
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Dr. Zue is the Delta Electronics Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. In the early part of his career, Victor conducted research in acoustic phonetics and phonology, codifying the acoustic manifestation of speech sounds and the phonological rules governing the realization of pronunciation in American English. Subsequently, his research interest shifted to the development of spoken language interfaces to make human-computer interactions easier and more natural. Between 1989 and 2001, he headed the Spoken Language Systems Group at the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science, which has pioneered the development of many systems that enable a user to interact with computers using spoken language. His current research interests are in the area of applying human language technologies to enable easy access of structured and unstructured information from the web, especially in applications such as education and healthcare. Outside of MIT, Victor has consulted for many multinational corporations, and he has served on many planning, advisory, and review committees for the US Department of Defense, the National Science Foundation, and the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. From 1996-1998, he chaired the Information Science and Technology, or ISAT, study group for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency of the U.S. Dapartment of Defense, helping DoD formulate new directions for information technology research. In 1999, he received the DARPA Sustained Excellence Award. Victor is a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, and a Fellow of the International Speech Communication Association. He is also a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, and an Academician of the Academia Sinica.

Committee Membership Roster Comments
Note (11/29/2012): There has been a change in the committee membership with the addition of the following members:
George R. Mangun
See-Kiong Ng
Guillermo Sapiro
Alison Wilson