Mr. John S. Applegate - (Chair) - (Chair)
John S. Applegate, JD, is executive vice president for University Academic Affairs of Indiana University (IU) and the Walter W. Foskett Professor of Law in the IU Maurer School of Law. He has served as a vice president for IU since 2008. He teaches and has written extensively in the fields of environmental law, administrative law, regulation of chemicals and hazardous wastes, international environmental law, risk assessment, and the management of radioactive waste. He chaired the Fernald Citizens Advisory Board at the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Fernald facility in Ohio from 1993-1998, and he served on the DOE Environmental Management Advisory Board from 1994-2001. He has also served on several National Academies studies. A member of the American Law Institute, Professor Applegate has also taught at the University of Paris (Panthéon-Assas) and University of Erlangen-Nürnberg and has been a research fellow at Cardiff University. Before moving to Indiana, he was the James B. Helmer, Jr., Professor of Law at the University of Cincinnati College of Law and was a visiting professor at Vanderbilt University Law School. He was a judicial law clerk for the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and an attorney in private practice in Washington, DC. He has served as a board member of the National Academies’ Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board; he was chair of the Natonal Academies’ Workshop on “Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management and Disposition”; and he has served on several National Academies’ committees. Professor Applegate received his BA in English from Haverford College in 1978 and his JD from Harvard Law School in 1981.
Mr. Allen G. Croff - (Vice Chair) - (Vice Chair)
Allen G. Croff is an adjunct professor of nuclear and environmental engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Vanderbilt University. He is also a member of the US Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board, appointed to this position by the President in February 2015, and a Distinguished Emeritus Member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Mr. Croff has 29 years of technical and program management experience at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He was subsequently vice-chairman of the Advisory Committee on Nuclear Waste in the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and a Senior Technical Advisor to the Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future. He has led or participated in numerous multi-disciplinary national and international technical and review committees for the National Academies, the National Council on Radiation Protection and Management, the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee, and the Nuclear Development Committee of the Nuclear Energy Agency. Mr. Croff’s technical accomplishments include creation of the ORIGEN2 computer code used world-wide to calculate the radioactive characteristics of nuclear materials for use in nuclear material and waste characterization, risk analyses, and nuclear fuel cycle analysis; developing and evaluating comprehensive, risk-based waste classification systems, including changing the boundary defining transuranic waste from 10 to 100 nCi/g; technical, economic, and systems analysis of current and advanced nuclear fuel/material cycles from uranium mining through waste disposal; conceiving, analyzing, and reviewing actinide partitioning-transmutation (P-T) concepts beginning with the first comprehensive analysis of P-T from 1976 to 1980 through subsequent cycles of renewed interest in the concept up to the present. Mr. Croff received a BS (1971) in chemical engineering from the Michigan State University, a nuclear engineer degree (1974) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and an MBA (1981) from the University of Tennessee.
Dr. Margaret S. Chu
Margaret S.Y. Chu, PhD, provides consulting service to domestic and international clients in nuclear waste management, nuclear fuel cycle analysis, nuclear security analysis, and research and development. Her entire career has been devoted to promoting safe nuclear energy and nuclear fuel cycle. She has extensive experience in successfully managing large, multidisciplinary projects and in negotiating with customers, regulators and stakeholders. She has over 20 years experience serving at Sandia National Laboratories in several capacities, including Director of the Nuclear Waste Management Program Center, Manager of the Environmental Risk Assessment and Waste Management Department, and Deputy Manager of the Waste Isolation Pilot Project (WIPP) and Technical Integration Department. In 2002, she was appointed by President George W. Bush as director of the Department of Energy’s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, which is responsible for developing the nation’s waste disposal system for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste at Yuca Mountain. She has authored nearly 50 publications and has received numerous awards, including in 2005 the Secretary of Energy’s Gold Award, the Department of Energy’s highest honor, and Team Lead of the Lockheed Martin Nova Award (1998). She is a board member of the National Academies’ Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board, a member of the Advisory Committee of Reactor Safeguards at the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and a member of the Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee at the U.S. Department of Energy. She holds a BS degree from Purdue University in chemistry and a PhD from the University of Minnesota in physical (quantum) chemistry.
Dr. Ken Czerwinski
Kenneth R. Czerwinski is a professor in the radiochemistry program at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, and director of the radiochemistry PhD program. His current research is centered on understanding the chemical speciation and coordination of actinides and technetium compounds for exploratory and applied studies. His fundamental research focuses on coordination chemistry and evaluating electronic structure. By understanding radioelement containing systems, one can determine relevant species, study their behavior, verify results, inform computational efforts, and incorporate the latest concepts into education. Current projects include speciation of actinides in spent fuel, chemical speciation of actinides in separations, nuclear forensics, and radioelement compounds and material synthesis. Dr. Czerwinski has been an associate professor in the Nuclear Engineering Department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and an associate research scientist for the Institut für Radiochemie Technische Universität München. He has been accorded the Presidential Early Career Award in Science and Engineering and was elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences in 2012 for his distinguished contributions to actinide and fission product chemistry. Dr. Czerwinski obtained his BA from Knox College in Russian language and chemistry and his PhD in nuclear chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley.
Dr. Rachael Jean Detwiler
Rachel J. Detwiler is principal engineer at Beton Consulting Engineering, LLC. Her areas of expertise are construction troubleshooting, concrete durability, transport properties, microstructure, and test methods for concrete and cement-based materials. Dr. Detwiler previously worked as an associate and senior engineer at Braun Intertec Corporation; a principal engineer at Construction Technology Laboratories; an assistant professor at the University of Toronto; and a design and materials engineer with ABAM Engineers, Inc. She is a fellow of the American Concrete Institute, where she served as chair of Committee 227 on Radioactive and Hazardous Waste Management and a member of the Publications Committee. She is a member and past chair of Committee 234 on Silica Fume in Concrete and a member of Committee 201 on Durability of Concrete. She also served in an advisory role until 1986 for the initial development of a formulation of grout for the stabilization of radioactive and hazardous waste in underground storage tanks at the Savannah River Site. Dr. Detwiler has published over 60 technical papers related to concrete microscopy, durability, and testing. Dr. Detwiler has served on several National Academies committees. Dr. Detwiler holds a BS in Civil Engineering, an MS in Structural Engineering, and a PhD in Civil Engineering Materials from the University of California at Berkeley. She was also a postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Building Materials at the Norges Tekniske Høgskole, Trondheim, Norway.
Dr. Timothy A. DeVol
Timothy A. DeVol is the Toshiba Professor of Nuclear Engineering and the director of the Nuclear Environmental Engineering Sciences and Radioactive Waste Management Center at Clemson University. Dr. DeVol’s primary teaching responsibilities are in the areas of radiation detection and measurement, environmental risk assessment and introduction to nuclear engineering and radiological sciences. Dr. DeVol oversees the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology Applied and Natural Science Accreditation Commission accredited Environmental Health Physics educational program in the Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences Department at Clemson University. Dr. DeVol’s research interests are in the areas of radiological environmental measurements, environmental health physics, statistical methods, homeland security, nuclear forensics, and in-situ and field portable analytical instrumentation for radioactive environmental contaminant quantification. Dr. DeVol has over 60 refereed publications and over 160 presentations in the field of detection of radioactive materials. He holds three US patents on the development of methods and materials for the detection of radioactivity in the environment. Additionally Prof. DeVol has helped to bring in over $8M in externally funded research of which $4.5M was directly attributed to him in his 20+ years on the faculty at Clemson University. Dr. DeVol is also the recipient of the 2003 and the 2011 Clemson University Innovation awards and the 2004 Elda E. Anderson award from the Health Physics Society. He is a member of the American Nuclear Society, the Health Physics Society, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Society. Dr DeVol is an American Board of Health Physics certified health physicist. Dr. DeVol holds an MS and a PhD, respectively, in nuclear engineering from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and a BS in engineering physics from Ohio State University, Columbus.
Professor Rodney C. Ewing
Rodney C. Ewing is the Frank Stanton Professor in Nuclear Security and a Co-Director of Center for International Security and Cooperation in the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and a Professor in the Department of Geological Sciences in the School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences at Stanford University. In addition, he is the Edward H. Kraus Distinguished University Professor Emeritus at the University of Michigan, where he was in three Departments: Earth & Environmental Sciences, Nuclear Engineering & Radiological Sciences, and Materials Science and Engineering. He is also a Regents' Emeritus Professor at the University of New Mexico. His professional interests are in mineralogy and materials science, and his research has focused on radiation effects in complex ceramic materials and the long-term durability of radioactive waste forms. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Ceramic Society, The Geochemical Society, the Geological Society of America, the Mineralogical Society of America and the Materials Research Society. He is a past president of the International Union of Materials Research Societies and the Mineralogical Society of America. In 2006, he was awarded the Lomonosov Great Gold Medal of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and in 2007, he was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Université Pierre et Marie Curie. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received MS and PhD degrees in geology from Stanford University.
Mr. Craig S. Hansen
Craig S. Hansen is an independent business consultant with 27 years of executive and senior level experience in facility/site management; business and product line management; executing large and complex nuclear plant manufacturing, construction, decommissioning, and nuclear reactor servicing contracts; and in successful leadership of complex technical projects facing a wide range of stakeholder challenges. Mr. Hansen has extensive experience with BWXT, formerly the nuclear technology business of the Babcock & Wilcox Company (B&W); his most recent service was as president and board member (2013-2014) at B&W’s American Centrifuge Manufacturing LLC (ACM), where he was responsible for management and operations of the American Centrifuge Technology and Manufacturing Center located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, overseeing direction, management, and operation through bankruptcy and program re-alignment; managed a sophisticated technical manufacturing operation in a highly automated facility; and led product line diversification and demobilization due to government funding cuts. In B&W’s nuclear manufacturing division (2008 through 2013), he was the vice president of nuclear equipment where he was responsible for B&W’s global commercial nuclear equipment business along with US and Canadian manufacturing sites, worldwide contracts, and product lines. From 2003 through 2008, Mr. Hansen organized and managed B&W’s government relations team. As B&W’s deputy site manager (2001-2003), he accelerated the cleanup and public relations at the DOE Miamisburg Environmental Management Project (Mound Plant), a site on the National Priorities List since 1989 due to past disposal practices and releases to the environment. Prior to B&W he worked on the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program in Washington, DC, and Idaho (1988-2001) in a series of progressively responsible positions at the nuclear reactor headquarters and naval reactor site management. He also served as the first chairman of the US Department of Commerce Civil Nuclear Trade Advisory Committee. Mr. Hansen has a BA from Eastern Washington University in operations management.
Mr. Milton Levenson
Milton Levenson is an independent consultant with a long and successful 73 years in the nuclear energy and related fields. His work experience began at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1944, with most of it in nuclear reactor safety and fuel processing. He served as a research engineer at Oak Ridge from 1944 to 1948; during part of that time (1944-1946) he was also in the US Army. In 1948, Mr. Levenson moved to Illinois to work at Argonne National Laboratory, where he retired as associate laboratory director in 1973. He then moved to the Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California, where he served as the first director of the nuclear power division, a post he held until 1980. From 1981 to 1988, Mr. Levenson served as executive consultant to Bechtel Power Corporation in San Francisco, and became vice president of Bechtel International in 1984, a position he kept until 1989. In 1990, he began work as a private executive consultant. He is the author of more than 150 publications and presentations and holds three US patents. Mr. Levenson is a Fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineering, and received the Robert E. Wilson award from AIChE in 1975 for his contributions to nuclear chemical engineering. He has been a member of the American Nuclear Society (ANS) for over 50 years and is an ANS Fellow, the highest membership grade of the Society. He was elected president in 1983 making him the 29th president of ANS. He is also a recipient of a special ANS award for his work on the Source Term. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1976 for his contributions to fast reactor technology, nuclear fuel reprocessing, and especially the first remote-handling completely closed fuel-cycle plant. He has served as chairman or committee member for several National Academies studies. Mr. Levenson earned a Bachelor’s degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Minnesota in 1943.
Dr. Cathy Middlecamp
Cathy Middlecamp is a professor at the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies and the Integrated Liberal Studies Program (Howe Bascom Professor), University of Wisconsin–Madison. Since 2015, she also has served as the interim director for academics and research for the Office of Sustainability. On campus, state-wide, and nationally she has been recognized for her excellence in teaching and service to a diverse group of students. From 2007 to 2016, she was the editor-in-chief for Chemistry in Context, a project of the American Chemical Society, and has served as the lead author for the chapters on nuclear energy, air quality, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rain, and polymers. Other recognition from the American Chemical Society includes being elected as a Fellow (2009) and receiving national awards for incorporating sustainability into the chemistry curriculum (2011), for encouraging women in careers in the chemical sciences (2003), and for fostering diversity (2001). Over the past 20 years, Dr. Middlecamp has designed, supervised and taught in a number of programs for students under-represented in the sciences, both collegiate and pre-collegiate. In addition, she has edited and contributed chapters to monographs on teaching and learning sustainability in the chemistry curriculum. Recognition by the AAAS, the American Association for Advancement of Science, includes being named a Fellow (2003) and elected the chair of Section Q, Education (2015). Dr. Middlecamp graduated with distinction in all subjects and Phi Beta Kappa from Cornell University (1972), earned her PhD in chemistry from University Wisconsin–Madison (1976) and also holds a master’s degree in education (1989).
Dr. Alfred P. Sattelberger
Alfred P. Sattelberger retired in 2017 from Argonne National Laboratory, where he most recently was Deputy Lab Director for Programs, Chief Research Officer and Senior Intelligence Official. Prior to his appointment as an Associate Lab Director at Argonne in 2006, he was a Senior Laboratory Fellow and former head of the Chemistry Division and the Science and Technology Base Program Office at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Dr. Sattelberger’s research interests include actinide coordination and organometallic chemistry, technetium chemistry, homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, and nuclear energy. Before joining LANL in 1984, Dr. Sattelberger held a faculty appointment in the Chemistry Department at the University of Michigan. He is a former chair of the Inorganic Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS) and the Chemistry Section of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). He served as a member of the 1996 Environmental Management Science Program merit review panel. He was elected a Fellow of AAAS in 2002 in recognition of his scientific contributions to early transition metal and f-element chemistry, and a Fellow of ACS in 2010. He has also served as a member of several National Academies committees examining radioactive waste management issues at the US Department of Energy (DOE), and is currently the Chair of the Nuclear Technology R&D Subcommittee of the DOE Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee (NEAC). Dr. Sattelberger received a BA in chemistry at Rutgers College in 1970 and obtained a PhD in inorganic chemistry from Indiana University in 1975.
Dr. Barry E. Scheetz
Barry E. Scheetz is recognized for his expertise in the chemistry of cementitious systems for waste forms and environmental remediation. He is a retired professor of materials, civil, and nuclear engineering at Pennsylvania State University. His work includes environmental waste management programs such as remediation of mine lands by the use of industrial by-products, focusing on large-volume usage of fly-ash-based cementitious grouts. Other programs include developments of radioactive waste forms based on vitrifiable hydroceramics and sodium zirconium phosphate structures. Dr. Scheetz received a national internship from the Argonne National Laboratory in 1972, and he was a National Academy of Sciences’ visiting scholar to China in 1989. He served as a member of the BRWM Committees on Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory High-Level Waste Alternative Treatments, and Cesium Processing Alternatives for High-Level Waste at the Savannah River Site. Dr. Scheetz is the author of more than 240 scientific publications and holds 40 US and world patents. He received a BS in chemical education from Bloomsburg State College, and an MS in geochemistry, and PhD in geochemistry from Pennsylvania State University.
Dr. Anne E. Smith
Anne E. Smith is a managing director and co-chair of National Economic Research Associates, Inc.'s (NERA’s) Global Environment Practice. Trained in economics, decision sciences, and mathematical modeling, she has applied this expertise to issues including air quality, climate change, contaminated sites, food safety, and nuclear waste management. She has also conducted training courses in health risk assessment and risk management for staff of corporations and government agencies. In addition to her consulting activities, Dr. Smith has served on committees of the National Academies of Sciences, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, the UN’s Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP), and EPA’s Board of Scientific Counselors. She is a member of many different professional societies, performs peer reviews for journal articles, and served on the Board of Directors of the Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis in 2013 and 2014. Prior to joining NERA, Dr. Smith was Practice Leader of Climate and Sustainability at Charles River Associates. She was also a vice president and policy analysis practice leader at Decision Focus Incorporated, and served as an economist in the Office of Policy Planning and Evaluation at the US Environmental Protection Agency. Dr. Smith graduated summa cum laude from Duke University with a BA in economics and from Stanford University with an MA and a PhD in economics, and a PhD minor in engineering-economic systems.
Dr. Chris G. Whipple
Chris G. Whipple has 40 years of experience in managing risks to human health and the environment. The major emphases of his work have been radioactive wastes, hazardous air pollutants and environmental mercury. He has served on numerous national committees addressing radioactive waste management, including committees of the National Academies, USEPA, and the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, of which he is a member. He was elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering in 2001. Chris has chaired the National Academies Board on Radioactive Waste Management, as well as National Academies committees on the Review of the Hanford Site’s Environmental Remediation Science and Technology Plan; Models in the Regulatory Decision Process; Medical Isotope Production without Highly Enriched Uranium; and Understanding and Managing Risk in Security Systems for the Department of Energy Nuclear Weapons Complex. Chris also co-chaired the National Academies Report Review Committee from 2008-2016. He was a charter member and second president of the Society for Risk Analysis, and is a Fellow of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science. He received a PhD and MS in engineering science from the California Institute of Technology, and a BS in engineering science from Purdue University. In 2004, he received Purdue’s Distinguished Engineering Alumni Award.