Dr. Roberta L. Rudnick - (Chair)
ROBERTA L. RUDNICK, NAS, is a professor of geology at University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) in the Department of Earth Science. Previously, Dr. Rudnick was on the faculty of the University of Maryland in the Department of Geology where she was a Distinguished University Professor, and at Harvard University in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences. At UCSB, Dr. Rudnick uses geochemical and geophysical data to understand the origin and evolution of the continents, including the continental lithospheric mantle. Emphasis is placed on integration of data from a wide diversity of sources, including petrography, petrology, major and trace element geochemistry, isotope geochemistry, and geophysics in order to determine the bulk crust composition of the continental lithosphere, the processes that have influenced its composition through time, and why Earth has continents. She also uses the lithium isotope system as a tool for tracing fluid flow, continental weathering and crustal recycling. She is a recipient of the Dana Medal from the Mineralogical Society of America and the Bowen Award from the Volcanology, Geochemistry, and Petrology division of the American Geophysical Union. She is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science, the National Academy of Sciences and is a foreign associate of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. She received her Ph.D. in geochemistry from the Australian National University. She has served on the Academies’ committee on Grand Research Questions in Earth Science.
Mr. James H. Crocker
JAMES H. CROCKER, NAE, is vice president and general manager, retired, of Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company. The focus of his career has been the design, construction, and management of very large, complex systems and instruments for astrophysics and space exploration both in the U.S. and internationally. These include space missions both human and robotic such as Apollo 17, Skylab, Orion; missions to Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, asteroids, the moon, comets, the Hubble Space Telescope, the Spitzer Space Telescope and the James Webb Space Telescope. In ground-based astronomy, he was program manager for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and head of the Program Office for the European VLT, an array of optically phased 8-meter telescope in the Atacama Desert in Chile. He serves on the board of the Denver Museum of Nature and Science and as a past member of the Universities Space Research Association. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Mr. Crocker earned a M.S. in management from The Johns Hopkins University and a M.S. in engineering from University of Alabama in Huntsville. Mr. Crocker has not previously served on an Academies committee.
Dr. Vinayak P. Dravid
VINAYAK P. DRAVID is the Abraham Harris Chaired Professor and the founding director of the NUANCE Center at Northwestern University. The NUANCE Center is a major instrumentation and characterization facility. He also serves as the director of SHyNE (Soft- and Hybrid Nanotechnology Experimental) Resource - an NSF-NNCI center of excellence in facility infrastructure program. Dr. Dravid’s scholarly interests revolve around statics and dynamics of “microstructure”; at the intersection of materials science with physics, chemistry, biology and engineering. He is an expert on characterization and analysis of materials, structures and systems by diverse tools/techniques such as: radiation sources (electron, ion and light/photon microscopy/analysis), scanned probe microscopy (SPM) and correlative multimodal techniques. In the recent decade, he has expanded his characterization expertise to soft, hybrid (soft-hard), dynamic phenomena under external stimuli; and non-invasive characterization based on ultrasound holography, MRI contrast enhancement and related techniques. He is a recipient of several awards/honors; IBM and NSF young career awards, Burton medal of Microscopy Society of America (MSA), Coble and Fulrath Awards from the American Ceramic Society (ACerS). He is an elected fellow of numerous professional societies including: MSA (inauguration class), Materials Research Society (MRS), American Physical Society (APS), ACerS, AAAS, among others. Dr. Dravid is an honorary life-time member of MRS India (MRSI), and the Hsuen Lee Fellow of the Chinese Academy of Science. He earned his Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from Lehigh University.
Dr. John M. Eiler
JOHN M. EILER, NAS, is the Robert P. Sharp Professor of Geology and Geochemistry at the California Institute of Technology and director of the Caltech Microanalysis Center. His research interests include the isotope geochemistry of light elements (H, C, N, O and S), as applied to: the origin and evolution of igneous rocks; the origin and evolution of meteorites; planetary atmospheres; atmospheric and environmental chemistry; paleoclimate; and paleontology. He is a recipient of the James B. Macelwane Medal of the American Geophysical Union and the Day Medal of the Geological Society of America, and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He earned his Ph.D. in geology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Dr. Eiler has not previously served on an Academies’ committee.
Dr. Katherine H. Freeman
KATHERINE H. FREEMAN, NAS, is Evan Pugh University Professor of Geosciences at the Pennsylvania State University. Her research interests include marine sediment biogeochemistry, organic geochemistry, past climates and environments and their modern analogs, and new methods in molecular and stable-isotope analyses. She is currently co-editor of the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the Geochemical Society, the Geological Society of America, the American Academy of Microbiology, and the Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. She is a recipient of the Science Innovation Award from the European Association of Geochemistry and the Cozzarelli Prize from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Dr. Freeman earned her Ph.D. from Indiana University. She has served on the Academies’ Gulf Research Program Advisory Board, the Board on Earth Science and Resources, and the Committee on the Astrophysical Context of Life.
Dr. Abby Kavner
ABBY KAVNER is a professor at the University of California, Los Angeles in the Department of Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences. Her research interests encompass the behavior of Earth and planetary materials under extreme physical and chemical conditions—especially at high pressures and temperatures--to better understand whole-planet thermal and chemical evolution. Dr. Kavner is chair of the Executive Committee of COMPRES, the Consortium for Materials Physics Research in the Earth Sciences. COMPRES is an NSF-funded consortium to help cultivate and support shared user facilities and infrastructure for mineral physics. She is a fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America and serves on the board of reviewing editors for Science magazine. Dr. Kavner earned her Ph.D. in geophysics from University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Kavner has not previously served with the Academies.
Dr. Timothy J. McCoy
TIMOTHY J. MCCOY is a supervisory research geologist at the Smithsonian Institution in the National Museum of Natural History. He also serves as Curator-in-Charge of the U.S. National Meteorite Collection. Dr. McCoy uses petrography of meteorites and experimental petrology to understand how asteroids differentiated in the early history of the Solar System. He has been extensively involved in spacecraft missions, including as a participating scientist on NEAR, MER, MESSENGER and Dawn at Vesta and as a co-investigator on OSIRIS-REx and Psyche. He is a recipient of the Nier Prize from the Meteoritical Society. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Hawai’i at Manoa. He served as a member of the Academies’ Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration, the Planetary Science Decadal Survey: Primitive Bodies Panel and the Committee on New Opportunities in Solar System Exploration.
Dr. Clive R. Neal
CLIVE R. NEAL is a professor of planetary geology at the University of Notre Dame in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences. He was instrumental in developing the Lunar Exploration Roadmap at the request of the NASA Advisory Council during the Vision for Space Exploration Program. He has published over 100 papers in scientific journals and has been involved in many NASA and National Science Foundation review panels. Dr. Neal currently chairs the NASA’s Lunar Exploration Analysis Group. He previously chaired the NASA Senior Review of Planetary Science Missions, as well as the Mars 2020 Instrument Review Panel. Dr. Neal received the Michael J. Wargo Award for the Integration of Exploration and Planetary Science from NASA’s Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI). He earned his Ph.D. in mantle petrology and geochemistry from the University of Leeds, UK.
Dr. Frank M. Richter
FRANK M. RICHTER, NAS, is the Sewell L. Avery Distinguished Service Professor, Emeritus at the University of Chicago in the Department of the Geophysical Sciences. He has served in various positions at the University of Chicago, including professor and chair of the Department of the Geophysical Sciences. Dr. Richter’s research interest includes the determination of the degree of kinetic isotope fractionation associated with mass transport processes within a phase or between phases, as in the case of mass transfer from a condensed phase to a gas. Dr. Richter was a fellow and an Arthur L. Day Medal recipient at the Geological Society of America. He received the Norman L. Bowen Award from the American Geophysical Union, and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He earned his Ph.D. in geophysics from the University of Chicago. Dr. Richter has served on many Academies’ committees including the Committee to Review NASA's Solid Earth Science Strategy, the Board on International Scientific Organizations. He has also served as Section Liaison for NAS Section 15: Geology.
Dr. Hanika Rizo
HANIKA RIZO is assistant professor in geochemistry at Carleton University in the Department of Earth Sciences. Previously she served as professor of radiogenic isotope geochemistry at the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) in the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences. Prior to that, Dr. Rizo was a postdoctoral fellow at the Carnegie Institution for Science and the University of Maryland. At UQAM, Dr. Rizo leads the research of short-lived isotope systems, and studies that shed light on the structure and dynamics of the young Earth and other planetary bodies. The study of short-lived isotope systems is relatively recent and requires high levels of precision during isotope measurements on mass spectrometers. Her research interests include analytical developments that allow isotopic measurements with ultra-high precision, and the geologic events that affected Earth and other terrestrial planets during their earliest stages of development, such as the segregation of their cores and the crystallization of their magma oceans. She is the recipient of the Outstanding Young Scientist Award 2013 for her Ph.D., and of the Top 10 discoveries of the year 2016 of Quebec Science magazine. She served as a review panelist for the Student Spaceflight Experiments Program in 2013, and participated in the Smithsonian Science Education Academy for Teachers in 2013, section on Earth’s history and Global Change. She earned her Ph.D. in isotope geochemistry from the Université Blaise Pascal, France.
Dr. Kimberly T. Tait
KIMBERLY T. TAIT is the Teck Chair of Mineralogy at the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) where she is also curator of Mineralogy. She is also associate professor at the University of Toronto. At ROM, Dr. Tait leads a group of students, postdocs and researchers in mineralogical research in planetary materials, and oversees the meteorite, mineral, gem and rock collections at the museum. Her research interests include how planets formed and evolved throughout time, and she focuses on mineralogy and geochemical techniques to describe these processes. She characterizes new meteorites, including detailed descriptions of groups of meteorites, to understand planetary formation processes using diffraction and spectroscopy methods. She is a collaborating scientist on the Canadian science team for OSIRIS-REx Laser Altimeter (OLA) on OSIRIS-REx. She was the recipient of the Mineralogical Association of Canada Young Mineralogist Award. She has served as a councilor on the Mineralogical Association of Canada and the Mineralogical Society of America. She earned her Ph.D. in geosciences from the University of Arizona