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Committee Membership Information

Project Title: Financing Early Care and Education With a Highly Qualified Workforce

PIN: DBASSE-BCYF-16-01        

Major Unit:
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Health and Medicine Division

Sub Unit: Board on Children, Youth, and Families
Health and Medicine Division


Moats, Sheila

Subject/Focus Area:  Behavioral and Social Sciences; Education; Industry and Labor

Committee Membership
Date Posted:   03/23/2017

Dr. LaRue Allen - (Chair) - (Chair)
New York University

LaRue Allen is the Raymond and Rosalee Weiss Professor of Applied Psychology and chair of the Department of Applied Psychology in the Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development at New York University. She also directs the Child and Family Policy Center (CFPC), which focuses on bringing social science knowledge to policymakers and practitioners concerned with young children and their families. As part of her work at CFPC, Dr. Allen has partnered with the agencies that oversee the publicly-funded early care and education system in New York City and state on research initiatives such as authentic assessment in preschool settings, and Family Child Care Workforce Development. From 2014-2015, Dr. Allen was chair of the Committee on the Science of Children Birth to Age 8: Deepening and Broadening the Foundation for Success, which was convened by the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. In April 2015, the Committee released its report entitled Transforming the Workforce for Children Birth through Age 8: A Unifying Foundation. Dr. Allen was a visiting scholar at the Centre de Recherche de l’Education Spécialisée et de l’Adaptation Scolaire in Paris, France, where she conducts research on the role of parents and teachers in the development of civic attitudes and behaviors among youth. She received her Ph.D. in clinical/community/developmental psychology from Yale University.

Ms. Kathy Glazer
Virginia Early Childhood Foundation

Kathy Glazer joined the Virginia Early Childhood Foundation, a non-partisan, public-private venture, as President in January of 2012. Under her leadership, the Foundation promotes innovative initiatives and public-private partnerships to ensure that Virginia’s children enter kindergarten healthy and ready to succeed in school, the workforce, and life. Previously she worked with the national Build Initiative as Director of State Services, providing strategic advice to states advancing their early childhood policies and agendas. From 2005-2009 she served in Virginia state government positions including Executive Director of the Governor’s cross-Cabinet, cross-agency, and cross-sector office for early childhood policy and Director of the Office of Early Childhood Development, an office created to span early childhood programs, staff, and funding streams across state agencies. She has provided leadership for the development of many of Virginia’s key early childhood initiatives, leveraging public/private partnerships to create the statewide Smart Beginnings network and the Virginia Early Childhood Foundation, and spearheading Virginia’s early childhood standards alignment and at-risk preschool initiatives. Glazer received her BA from the University of Georgia and MPA from Virginia Commonwealth University.

Dr. Celia C. Ayala
Los Angeles Universal Preschool

Celia C. Ayala is the Senior Advisor to the Los Angeles Universal Preschool (LAUP). She is a nationally recognized as an innovative leader in the field of early education and has advocated successfully for early learning investments, quality improvements, policy, workforce development, and programs for children and families. Dr. Ayala has worked passionately to increase access to educational services. Dr. Ayala’s influence led LAUP to be recognized as a state and national model—in early education coaching, training and consulting, early language development, fiscal coaching, family engagement and more. Dr. Ayala is a member of the first ever Congressional Pre-K Caucus; a bipartisan caucus that intends to provide a forum for members of Congress to examine high-quality ECE programs, and to develop bipartisan policy recommendations to improve and expand ECE opportunities for the nation’s children. In 2008, former Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger appointed Dr. Ayala to the California Early Learning Improvement System Advisory Committee, where she helped develop and implement a statewide quality improvement system for early learning—a comprehensive framework that has now come to fruition through the implementation of quality rating and improvement systems (QRIS) across the state, including the QRIS Block Grant. Prior to joining LAUP as Chief Operating Officer in 2007, she served as the Assistant Superintendent, Division of Children & Family Services, at the Riverside County Office of Education (RCOE). In that role, she managed all early childhood education programs and activities within the district, including the county's Head Start program. Dr. Ayala has also served as the Pasadena Unified School District's Director of Curriculum, Instruction and Educational Technologies; principal at James Madison Elementary School; and Director of the Los Angeles County Department of Education's Division of Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment. Dr. Ayala received a doctorate in education from the University of Southern California.

Dr. Daphna Bassok
University of Virginia

Daphna Bassok is an Associate Professor of Education and Public Policy at the University of Virginia and is also the Associate Director of EdPolicyWorks a joint collaboration between the Curry School of Education and the Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy. Her research addresses early childhood education policy, with a particular focus on the impacts of policy interventions on the well-being of low-income children. Currently, she is the Principal Investigator on a project supported by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) to examine Louisiana’s efforts to overhaul their early childhood education system. She recently received a National Academy of Education/ Spencer Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship for her work examining changes in parenting practices over time and their impact on the early emergence of achievement gaps. Other recent projects have explored changes in the early childhood teacher labor force over time and the impacts of Florida’s Voluntary Pre-Kindergarten program. Bassok holds a Ph.D. in the Economics of Education, a M.A. in Economics and a M.A. in Policy Analysis and Evaluation, all from Stanford University.

Dr. Richard N. Brandon
University of Washington

Richard N. Brandon retired as founding director of the Human Services Policy Center (HSPC) at the University of Washington’s Evans School of Public Affairs. An expert in public finance, he led HSPC’s signature efforts in financing of public education and child care; and founded the Washington Kids Count project. He is currently engaged in several national projects with regard to Early Care and Education (ECE), and planning and budgeting for children’s services. Most recently he was co-PI for cost and staffing analysis of a DoDEA-sponsored study of providing access to high quality early learning for overseas military personnel. Dr. Brandon was co-PI for a four-year national study of child care supply, demand and workforce (National Survey of Early Care and Education) with lead responsibility for workforce issues and lead author of the NSEC workforce report. In other international work, he was PI for a contract with UNICEF to develop financial analytic tools and training for government officials in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He recently conducted federally-sponsored research on the impact of recessions on child care employment. Brandon was a member of the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Early Childhood Care and Education Workforce. Before joining the University of Washington in 1989, Dr. Brandon served as staff director of the U.S. Senate Budget Committee, where he played a major role in developing the congressional budget process and negotiating the federal budget. Prior to that, he directed systems analysis and budgeting for the New York City Department of Mental Health and analyzed Social Security financing as a fellow of the Employee Benefit Research Institute. He has been a consultant on a variety of human service and financing and workforce issues to state and local governments; UNICEF; the American Association of Retired Persons; the Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government and Fannie Mae. He received a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Pennsylvania.

Mr. Gerald M. Cutts
First Children's Finance

Gerald M. Cutts is the founding President and CEO of First Children’s Finance (FCF) a multi-state not for profit organization that was established in 1991. FCF works to increase access to high quality early care and education in lower income communities. FCF does this by specializing in the business and financial side of early care and education with strategies that increase the sustainability and supply of high quality care. The activities include providing business technical assistance to ECE business owners, urban and rural communities, assistance to state governments, and the development of strategies that lead to public and private partnerships for funding and financing. First Children’s Finance also provides facility financing to early care and education providers serving lower income families in order to increase supply and quality. As President and CEO, Mr. Cutts works with a national board of directors. He is responsible for strategic direction, financial oversight, resource development, national and local policy, and strategic business development. Before founding First Children’s Finance he was the co-director of an early care and education center. In addition he worked in a community economic development corporation where he applied economic development finance tools and strategies to finance childcare homes including bonding, tax increment financing, and the packaging of federal, state, and local funds. Those experiences led to the creation of First Children’s Finance. Mr. Cutts holds a Master of City Planning degree from M.I.T as well as a Juris Doctor degree from the Northeastern University School of Law.

Ms. Kim Dancy
Kim Dancy is a policy analyst with the Education Policy program at New America, a nonpartisan nonprofit think tank in Washington, D.C. As part of the Higher Education Initiative, her work focuses on higher education finance. She conducts original research and data analysis of higher education issues, with an emphasis on federal and state funding, including budget processes and issues. Her past research has focused on the availability and effectiveness of tax benefits for education, the interaction of state and federal funding streams for public and private universities, state appropriations to public institutions, federal grants and loans to students, the impact of interest rates on student loan payments, and variation in student living costs. Prior to joining New America, Ms. Dancy worked for the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce, where her work focused on the use of competency-based education in career and technical fields, as well as the alignment of educational programs with labor market needs. Ms. Dancy holds a bachelor’s degree from the University of Michigan, and a master's degree in public policy from Georgetown University.

Dr. Elizabeth E. Davis
University of Minnesota

Elizabeth E. Davis is professor of applied economics at the University of Minnesota. Her research focuses on economics and public policy related to low-income families, child care and early education, and low-wage and rural labor market issues in the United States. Dr. Davis has examined the dynamics of participation in the child care subsidy program, why parents stop using child care subsidies, child care access and affordability, and the connection between parents’ employment and child care choices. Past research projects have included studies of the impact of local competition on wages and job turnover in the retail food industry and the relationship between local labor market conditions and employment outcomes for disadvantaged workers. Dr. Davis is a member of the American Economic Association (AEA), Association of Public Policy and Management (APPAM), Society of Labor Economists (SOLE), and the Community and Regional Economics Network (CRNET). Dr. Davis earned an M.A and Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan.

Ms. Harriet Dichter
Harriet Dichter is a fellow at ICF, International. During a career focused on innovation in early learning, she founded and led the Pennsylvania Office of Child Development and Early Learning, was appointed to the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare, and established the Delaware Office of Early Learning. As Pennsylvania's founding deputy secretary for the Office of Child Development and Early Learning, she pioneered the state's unique new solutions and partnerships. She also was the founding executive director of the Delaware Office of Early Learning, where she accelerated the pace, quality, and accountability of the state's comprehensive work in early childhood. Other state and local government public leadership has included Secretary, PA Department of Public Welfare; Policy Director, PA Department of Education; Deputy Managing Director for Child Policy, City of Philadelphia; Maternal and Child Health Director, City of Philadelphia; Special Assistant to the Mayor, City of Philadelphia. Ms. Dichter also has significant nonprofit experience. Nationally, she served as a leader for the Ounce of Prevention Fund and its affiliate, the First Five Years Fund, and has worked as staff at the Pew Charitable Trusts. Ms. Dichter received a B.A. in psychology and American studies from Yale University and a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School.

Dr. Lynn A. Karoly
The RAND Corporation

Lynn A. Karoly is a senior economist at the RAND Corporation and a professor at the Pardee RAND Graduate School. A labor economist, Karoly joined RAND in 1988. Her recent research has focused on human capital investments, social welfare policy, child and family well-being, and U.S. labor markets. In the area of child policy, much of her research has focused on early childhood programs with studies on the use and quality of early care and education (ECE) programs, the system of publicly subsidized ECE programs, professional development for the ECE workforce, and ECE quality rating and improvement systems. In related work, she has examined the costs, benefits, and economic returns of early childhood interventions and youth development programs, and she has assessed the use of benefit-cost analysis more generally to evaluate social programs. Other research has examined issues pertaining to poverty, inequality, immigration, welfare reform, and U.S. labor markets. Karoly served as the director of RAND's Office of Research Quality Assurance from 2004 to 2014 and as director of RAND Labor and Population from 1995 to 2003. Her professional service includes editorial roles for the Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis and The Journal of Human Resource, as well as serving as Vice President (2016) and President (2017) of the Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis. She was also a member of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine committee that produced Advancing the Power of Economic Evidence to Inform Investments in Children, Youth, and Families (2016). Karoly received her Ph.D. in economics from Yale University.

Dr. Helen F. Ladd
Duke University

Helen F. Ladd is the Susan B. King Professor of Public Policy Studies and professor of economics at Duke University’s Sanford School of Public Policy. She is particularly interested in various aspects school accountability, education finance, teacher labor markets, and school choice. She has written numerous articles on charter schools and other forms of choice in North Carolina, self-governing schools and parental choice in New Zealand, market based reforms in urban school districts, voucher programs, school reform in post-Apartheid South Africa, and school finance in the Netherlands. In addition, with colleagues at Duke University she has used longitudinal data from North Carolina to write a series of papers on early childhood programs as well as articles on school segregation, teacher labor markets, and teacher quality. She has co-edited and coauthored many books. Among them are Holding Schools Accountable: Performance-Based Reform in Education (Brookings Institution, 1996), The Handbook of Research in Education Finance and Policy (Routledge, 2008; second edition 2015) and books on school reform in New Zealand and South Africa. From 1996-99 Ladd co-chaired a National Academy of Sciences Committee on Education Finance. In that capacity she is the co-editor of two books: a set of background papers, Equity and Adequacy in Education Finance and the final report, Making Money Matter: Financing America’s Schools. Prior to 1986, she taught at Dartmouth College, Wellesley College, and at Harvard University, first in the City and Regional Planning Program and then in the Kennedy School of Government. She graduated with a B.A. degree from Wellesley College in 1967, earned her M.A. degree from the London School of Economics in 1968, and earned her Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University in 1974.

Ms. Shayne Spaulding
The Urban Institute

Shayne Spaulding is a senior research associate in the Income and Benefits Policy Center at the Urban Institute and co-Director of Bridging the Gap an initiative that focuses on the intersection between child care and the education and training systems that support low-income adults seeking to improve their skills. She also directs an assessment of JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s New Skills at Work initiative, representing a $250 million investment in workforce development nationally and globally. She also led the Urban Institute’s work for the MacArthur Foundation on Cities of Learning, an initiative aimed at improving educational and workforce outcomes for youth. Spaulding has spent nearly 20 years in the workforce development field as an evaluator, technical assistance provider, and program manager. Her research has focused on evaluations of various workforce development and postsecondary education programs and strategies, including programs for young noncustodial fathers, sectoral employment programs, social-purpose staffing agencies, faith-based programs, community college innovations and employer engagement strategies. Before joining Urban, Spaulding was the university director of Workforce Development for the City University of New York (CUNY), the nation’s largest public urban university system, where she oversaw continuing education and workforce programs across CUNY’s 24 campuses. From 2001 to 2009, Spaulding worked for Public/Private Ventures, where she was a senior program director. Spaulding serves on the board of the Workforce Professionals Training Institute in New York City. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in American government from Wesleyan University and a Master of Arts degree in public policy from Johns Hopkins University.

Dr. Marcy Whitebook
University of California, Berkeley

Marcy Whitebook directs the Center for the Study of Child Care Employment at the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment at the University of California at Berkeley, which she founded in 1999. Her research focuses on issues of compensation, work environments, and appropriate and accessible professional preparation for the early childhood workforce, with specific attention to how these issues relate to children's development and learning. Her most recent reports--the 2016 Early Childhood Workforce Index and Worthy Work, STILL Unlivable Wages: The Early Care and Education Workforce 25 Years after the National Child Care Staffing Study-- document the current status of the workforce and analyze how federal and state workforce policies serve to support and/or undermine effective teaching, contribute to inequitable services for children and families, and often pose risks to the personal and familial well-being of the workforce itself. Prior to her current position, Dr. Whitebook was the founding executive director of the Washington-based Center for the Child Care Workforce (CCW), an organization she began in 1977 as the Child Care Employee Project. Dr. Whitebook has led several large-scale early childhood research projects, including the landmark 1989 National Child Care Staffing Study, which first brought public attention to the low wages and high turnover of child care teachers and their impact on child outcomes Dr. Whitebook earned her Bachelor's Degree in Religious Studies and Master's Degree in Early Childhood Education from the University of California at Berkeley, and her Ph.D. in Development Studies in Education from the University of California at Los Angeles.

Committee Membership Roster Comments
Dr. Clive Belfield resigned from the committee as of 1/4/2017.

Ms. Kim Dancy has been added to the committee as of 2/2/17 to replace Dr. Belfield.

Dr. Marquita F. Davis resigned from the committee as of 2/13/2017.

Ms. Harriet Dichter has been added to the committee as of 3/17/2017 to replace Dr. Marquita F. Davis.