Dr. Compton J. Tucker - (Co-Chair)
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Dr. Tucker is a senior scientist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). His research interests focus on earth systems research through the use of satellite remote sensing, global vegetation dynamics, the Landsat Tropical Forest Deforestation Pathfinder Project, and the Famine Early Warning System for Africa via USAID. Prior to working at NASA GSFC, Dr. Tucker worked at the Grassland Biome at Colorado State University, and was then a National Academy of Sciences Postdoctoral Fellow. He has received numerous awards, including two NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medals, the Henry Shaw Medal of the Missouri Botanical Garden, the National Air and Space Museum Trophy for Current Achievement and most recently the Galathea Medal of the Royal Danish Geographical Society, among others. Dr. Tucker received his B.S. in biology, M.S. in forestry, and Ph.D. in forestry, from Colorado State University. Dr. Tucker has prior Academies experience serving as a member on the Committee on a Framework for Analyzing the Needs for Continuity of NASA-Sustained Remote Sensing Observations of the Earth from Space
Dr. James A. Yoder - (Co-Chair)
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Dr. Yoder is currently the Vice President for Academic Programs and Dean at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and has served in this position since moving to WHOI in 2005. Dr. Yoder was a Professor at the Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island (1989-2005), where he conducted research involving satellite and aircraft measurements to study ocean processes, taught graduate courses and advised MS and PhD students. He also served 5 years as Associate Dean in charge of the graduate program in oceanography and 1.5 years as Interim Dean of the School. Dr. Yoder has held temporary positions in the Federal Government most recently as Director of the National Science Foundation’s Division of Ocean Sciences (2001-2004). During his time at NSF, Jim chaired the National Ocean Partnership Program’s (NOPP’s) Interagency Working Group (IWG). Jim has served on many national and international committees and panels. He was a member of the National Research Council’s Decadal Survey of Ocean Sciences (DSOS, 2013-2015); former member (2009-2013) of the NRC’s Ocean Studies Board; and chaired (2011-2012) the NRC-OSB’s Committee on Assessing Requirements for Sustained Ocean Color Research and Operations. He currently serves on the advisory board for the NOAA-funded Environmental Cooperative Science Center (ECSC) led by Florida A&M University and is a member and former Chair of the International Ocean Colour Coordinating Group (IOCCG). IOCCG seeks cooperation among the international space agencies for satellite measurements of ocean color radiometry and its application for understanding regional to global ocean patterns in the productivity of the seas. He was elected Fellow of The Oceanography Society in 2012.
Dr. Gregory P. Asner
Carnegie Institution for Science
Dr. Asner is a staff scientist in the Department of Global Ecology of the Carnegie Institution for Science, and a Professor in the Department of Earth System Science at Stanford University. He is an ecologist recognized for his work on biospheric processes, land use and climate change at regional to global scales. Asner maintains a research program in Earth spectroscopy and laser-based imaging with airborne and orbital remote sensing instrumentation. Asner graduated with a bachelor’s degree in engineering from the University of Colorado, Boulder in 1991, followed by service as an officer in the United States Navy. He earned masters and doctorate degrees in geography and biology, respectively, from the University of Colorado in 1997. Asner has served in numerous national and international posts including the NASA Senior Review Committee, U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Steering Group, U.N. Diversitas Program, NASA-Brazil LBA Steering Committee, and as a Senior Fellow for the U.S. State Department. He is a recipient of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, NASA Early Career and Group Achievement awards, and an Outstanding Contributions Award from the Association of American Geographers. In 2013, he was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.
Dr. Francisco Chavez
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
Dr. Chavez is a biological oceanographer interested in how climate variability and change regulate ocean ecosystems on local and basin scales. He was born and raised in Peru, has a BS from Humboldt State and a PhD from Duke University. He is a founding member of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) where he has pioneered time series research and the development of new instruments and systems to make this type of research sustainable. Chavez has authored over 200 peer-reviewed papers with 10 in Nature and Science. He is past member of the US National Science Foundation Geosciences Advisory Committee, has been involved in the development of the US Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS), is a member of the Governing Board of the Central and Northern California Coastal Ocean Observing System (CeNCOOS) and the Science Advisory Team for the California Ocean Protection Council. Chavez is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of the Sciences; honored for distinguished research on the impact of climate variability on oceanic ecosystems and global carbon cycling. Chavez is also a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union; honored for advancing fundamental knowledge of the physical-biological coupling between Pacific Decadal Oscillations, productivity, and fisheries. He was awarded a Doctor Honoris Causa by the Universidad Pedro Ruiz Gallo in Peru in recognition of his distinguished scientific career and for contributing to elevate academic and cultural levels of university communities in particular and society in general. Chavez is the 2014 recipient of the Ed Ricketts Memorial award.
Dr. Scott Goetz
Woods Hole Research Center
Dr. Goetz is a senior scientist and Deputy Director of the Woods Hole Research Center. In October 2016 he joins Northern Arizona University as Professor in the School of Informatics, Computing & Cyber Systems, and also affiliates with the Center for Ecosystem Science and Society. He has conducted remote sensing research for environmental science applications over the past 30 years, having both organized and served on numerous working groups for the IPCC, UN-REDD, US Global Change Research Program, US National Academy of Sciences, as well as NASA and NSF programs on arctic & carbon cycle science, climate change and terrestrial ecology. He is the Science Lead of NASA’s Arctic Boreal Vulnerability Experiment and Deputy principal investigator of NASA’s Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation. He has published over 150 refereed publications, which have been cited over 12,000 times and picked up by a wide range of major news media outlets. He earned his PhD from the University of Maryland, and has been awarded a Fulbright Research Scholarship (in Toulouse France) and received NASA team awards for interdisciplinary science. He is an Executive board member of Environmental Research Letters, served for 10 years as an Associate editor of Remote Sensing of Environment, and has participated in numerous educational and professional service activities, including graduate student committees at various institutions. He served as a member of an NRC committee on Opportunities to use remote sensing in understanding permafrost and related ecological characteristics (2013) and Frontiers in understanding climate change and polar ecosystems (2010).
Dr. Patrick N. Halpin
Dr. Halpin is an associate professor of marine geospatial ecology and director of the Geospatial Ecology Program at the Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University Marine Laboratory. Dr. Halpin’s research focuses on marine geospatial analysis, ecological applications of geographic information systems and remote sensing; and marine conservation and ecosystem-based management. Dr. Halpin leads the Marine Geospatial Ecology Lab at Duke University and sits on a number of international scientific and conservation program steering committees. He received his Ph.D. in environmental sciences, from the University of Virginia. Dr. Halpin has no previous Academies experience.
Dr. Eric Hochberg
Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences
Dr. Hochberg is an associate scientist at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences. Dr. Hochberg’s research interests center on coral reefs. His primary focus is remote sensing for application to ecosystem studies and conservation at local, regional and global scales. This is the basic goal of NASA’s Earth Venture Suborbital-2 mission, COral Reef Airborne Laboratory (CORAL), of which Dr. Hochberg is principal investigator. Dr. Hochberg is also interested in bridging our understanding of organism-, community- and ecosystem-scale biogeochemical responses to stressors, especially those related to climate change. Prior to moving to Bermuda, Dr. Hochberg was on the faculty of the National Coral Reef Institute at Nova Southeastern University. Before that, he served as research faculty at the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology. He earned his Ph.D. in oceanography from the University of Hawaii.
Dr. Christian J. Johannsen
Dr. Johannsen is a Professor Emeritus of Agronomy and Director Emeritus of the Laboratory for Applications of Remote Sensing (LARS), Purdue University. Dr. Johannsen directed the LARS research and academic programs of remote sensing, geographic information systems and global position systems involving over 35 faculty and 75 graduate students in data acquisition, information processing and resource applications. Personal research has related to remote sensing, GIS and GPS applications to precision agriculture, soil pattern influences on reflectance, spatial-spectral-temporal resolution impacts and land degradation. In 1988-96 served as Director of the Natural Resources Research Institute (renamed Environmental Sciences and Engineering Institute in 1994) which provided the leadership in directing research and educational activities to environmental and natural resources concerns. Directed the Purdue Agricultural Data Network (1985-87) with a staff of 15 people in developing techniques, programs, approaches and training for University research and extension faculty and staff within the School of Agriculture in computer automation of data and information. At the University of Missouri (1972-85), his extension and research program was recognized for emphasis in soil survey, soil conservation, remote sensing applications, resource database development, strip mine reclamation, and municipal waste utilization using spatial technologies.
Dr. Raphael M. Kudela
University of California, Santa Cruz
Dr. Kudela is Lynn Professor of Ocean Health in the Ocean Sciences Department at University of California Santa Cruz. Dr. Kudela has conducted research on aquatic ecology (emphasis on marine systems, but also including land/sea interface and freshwater systems) for nearly two decades. His research focuses on the factors and processes linking phytoplankton productivity to higher trophic levels, including the ecology, mitigation, and prediction of harmful algal bloom events, changes in global productivity and fisheries, and linkages to human use of aquatic systems. His research utilizes the combination of three tools, remotely sensed data from moorings and satellites in combination with biological models; novel bio-optical methods assaying phytoplankton physiology; and the refinement of stable and radio-tracer isotopes. Kudela currently serves as Chair of the Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms program (IOC/SCOR), is co-chair of the US National Harmful Algal Bloom Committee, and is a member of the US National Science Foundation Ocean Observing Systems Review Committee and UNOLS Scientific Committee for Oceanographic Aircraft Research (SCOAR). He previously served on the NSF Coastal Ocean Processes (CoOP) steering committee. Within the Ocean Observing framework he serves on the Executive Committee for the Central and Northern California Ocean Observing System (CeNCOOS) and is the chair of the California Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring and Alert Program (Cal-HABMAP). He earned his PhD in Biology from the University of Southern California. He has not previously served on an NRC panel.
Dr. Gregory W. McCarty
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Dr. McCarty is a research soil scientist at the USDA ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory in Beltsville MD. Dr. McCarty is a recognized authority on movement and fate of carbon in agricultural landscapes. Dr. McCarty investigates biogeochemical processes affecting transformation of nitrogen and carbon in agricultural crop fields and adjacent ecosystems such as riparian buffer wetlands. For example, his research involving an experimental agricultural catchment highlighted the important role of soil deposition in wetlands on carbon dynamics within the ecosystem and overall carbon storage within the agricultural catchment. He also leads the Choptank River Watershed project on the Eastern Shore of Maryland which is part of the USDA Long-term Agroecosystem Research network. With this project, conservation practices are being assessed at the watershed scale by use of a combination remote sensing and modeling. He has authored over 130 peer reviewed journal publications, 14 book chapters, 30 proceedings; mentored 14 graduate students and 4 post-doctoral scientists; and hosted 5 visiting scientists.
Dr. Linda O. Mearns
National Center for Atmospheric Research
Dr. Mearns is Director of the Weather and Climate Impacts Assessment Science Program (WCIASP) and Head of the Regional Integrated Sciences Collective (RISC) within the Institute for Mathematics Applied to Geosciences (IMAGe), and Senior Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado. She is also co-chair of the North American CORDEX program. She has performed research and published mainly in the areas of climate change scenario formation, quantifying uncertainties, and climate change impacts on agro-ecosystems. She has particularly worked extensively with regional climate models. She served as Director of the Institute for the Study of Society and Environment (ISSE) for three years ending in April 2008 and was Director of the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program. She was made a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society in 2006 and received the American Association of Geographers Excellence in Scholarship Award in 2016. She holds a Ph.D. in Geography/Climatology from UCLA. She has been a member of the NRC Climate Research Committee (CRC), the NAS Human Dimensions of Global Change (HDGC) Committee, the NAS Panel on Adaptation of the America’s Climate Choices Program, and the National Academy of Sciences Panel on Advancing Climate Modeling.
Dr. Mary Jane Perry
University of Maine
Dr. Perry is a professor at the Darling Marine Center at the University of Maine. Her research interests include a variety of direct and inverse methods to determine phytoplankton abundance using optical and remote-sensing techniques. She is particularly interested in using autonomous vehicles for long term studies of ocean phytoplankton and carbon. Dr. Perry has spent time as a rotator at NSF and served on NSF advisory committees. She also co-chaired the ALPS workshop and report 2003. She received her Ph.D. from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and a B.A. from the College of New Rochelle. Dr. Perry has prior Academies experience as a member of the Committee on Oceanography in 2025: A Workshop, as a member of the Committee on Molecular Marine Biology, and as a member of the Steering Committee for the Sixth Symposium on Tactical Oceanography. She currently serves on the EXPORTS Science Definition Team.
Dr. David A. Siegel
University of California, Santa Barbara
Dr. Siegel is an interdisciplinary marine scientist at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His research focuses on aquatic ecosystems and their functioning using the tools of an applied physicist, namely radiative transfer and fluid mechanics. He has worked extensively in marine bio-optics and satellite ocean color remote sensing as well as assessing the roles of ocean circulation from basin- to micro-scales in problems ranging from microbial diversity, biogeochemical cycling, kelp spatial population dynamics, and nearshore fisheries management. Professor Siegel received a B.A. in Chemistry and a B.S. in Engineering Sciences from University of California, San Diego and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Geological Sciences from the University of Southern California. In 1989, he was a postdoctoral fellow at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Since 1990, he has been on the faculty at University of California, Santa Barbara and is presently a Professor in the Department of Geography, Director of the Earth Research Institute and Chair of the Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Marine Science. In 2010-2011, Professor Siegel served on the NRC Committee on Sustained Satellite Ocean Color Observations and is presently the Chair of the EXPORTS Science Definition Team for NASA and serves on the Since 2009, he has been a member of the Earth Sciences Subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Committee. Professor Siegel is a fellow of both the American Geophysical Union and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Dr. David L. Skole
Michigan State University
Dr. Skole is professor of global change science at Michigan State University (MSU). He has more than 25 years of experience with research on the global carbon cycle and climate change. Dr. Skole leads the Carbon to Markets Program, a project of MSU that focuses on combining value chains from carbon credits in the carbon financial markets and agro-forestry products for small holders in developing countries. He was instrumental in constructing the first numerical carbon accounting model and has been spearheading the integration of satellite-based remote sensing into carbon accounting models. He is now active in the emerging carbon financial markets and REDD+ programs, and applications of his research to carbon sequestration projects in developing countries. Dr. Skole is Chair of the NSF Advisory Committee on Environmental Research and Education. He was previously Implementation Chairman of the United Nations Program on Global Observations of Land Cover, which is coordinating a monitoring program for land use change worldwide. He has a Ph.D. in natural resources, from the University of New Hampshire. His past Academies service includes the Geographical Sciences Committee, the Panel on Earth Science Applications and Societal Needs, the Panel on Social and Behavioral Science Research Priorities for Environmental Decision Making, the Committee on Ecological Impacts of Road Density, the Committee for Review of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan, and the Committee on the Geographic Foundation for Agenda 21.
Dr. Susan L. Ustin
University of California, Davis
Dr. Ustin is a professor of environmental resource science in the Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources at the University of California, Davis (UC Davis). Her multidisciplinary environmental research focuses on developing applications of remote sensing data to assess environmental processes. She began working with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory during the initial stages of NASA’s imaging spectrometry program and has since worked extensively with hyperspectral imagery for quantitative plant and soil measurements. She has been a principal investigator and science team member of several NASA sensor programs for Earth observation and has been a member of the MODIS science team. Dr. Ustin has served as director of the California Space Institute Center of Excellence at UC Davis and as director of the Western Regional Center for Global Environmental Change. She received an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Zurich in 2010. Dr. Ustin received her Ph.D. in botany from UC Davis in 1983, in the area of plant physiological ecology. She has served previously as a member on four National Research Council committees, the Committee on Scientific Accomplishments of Earth Observations from Space, Ecosystems Panel, Committee on Earth Studies, and the Task Group on Assessment of NASA Plans for Post-2000 Earth Observing Missions.
Dr. Cara Wilson
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Dr. Wilson is a research scientist with the Environmental Research Division (ERD) of NOAA’s Southwest Fisheries Science Center in Monterey CA and is the PI of the West Coast node of NOAA’s CoastWatch program which is housed at ERD. At NOAA Dr. Wilson has developed a course aimed at providing scientists who are not regular users of satellite data with the knowledge and tools they need to incorporate satellite data into their research and management projects. Her research interests are in using satellite data to examine bio-physical coupling in the surface ocean, with a particular focus on determining the biological and physical causes of the large chlorophyll blooms that often develop in late summer in the oligotrophic Pacific near 30°N. She earned her Ph.D. in oceanography from the Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. In 2011 she served on the National Research Council’s Committee on Assessing Requirements for Sustained Ocean Color Research and Operations. Dr. Wilson is also the incoming chair of the International Ocean Colour Coordinating Group (IOCCG).
Dr. Arthur A. Charo - (Staff Officer)
National Research Council
Dr. Inez Y. Fung
University of California, Berkeley
INEZ Y. FUNG (NAS) is a professor of atmospheric sciences at the University of California, Berkeley. She studies the interactions between climate change and biogeochemical cycles, particularly the processes that maintain and alter the composition of the atmosphere. Her research emphasis is on using atmospheric transport models and coupled carbon-climate models to examine how CO2 sources and sinks are changing. She is also a member of the science team for NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2. Dr. Fung is a recipient of the American Geophysical Union's Roger Revelle Medal, and appears in a new NAS biography series for middle-school readers, Women's Adventure in Science. She is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and the American Geophysical Union, as well as a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. She received her S.B. in applied mathematics and her Sc.D. in meteorology from MIT.
Dr. Lesley E. Ott
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Lesley E. Ott is a research meteorologist who leads carbon cycle modeling efforts in NASA’s Global Modeling and Assimilation Office. Her research focuses on understanding carbon flux on a global scale through the combined use of land, ocean, and atmospheric models and satellite observations. She is particularly interested in reconciling bottom-up and top-down flux estimates, improving the characterization of uncertainty in model-based flux estimates, and using models to define requirements for atmospheric composition observations. She is currently a member of NASA’s Carbon Monitoring System and Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 science teams. She was previously a NASA Postdoctoral Program fellow and Assistant State Climatologist for the state of Maryland. Dr. Ott received her B.Sc. in physical sciences, M.Sc. in meteorology, and Ph.D. in atmospheric and oceanic science, all from the University of Maryland, College Park.