Dr. James P. Bagian
JAMES P. BAGIAN (NAE/NAM) is Director of the Center for Healthcare Engineering and Patient Safety and Professor in the College of Engineering and Medical School at the University of Michigan, a member of the NASA Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel, and a member of the Department of Defense Trauma and Injury Subcommittee. He is an engineer, a medical doctor, and an astronaut. Dr. Bagian’s primary interest and expertise deals with the development and implementation of multidisciplinary programs and projects that involve the integration of engineering, medical/life sciences, and human factors disciplines to improve safety and reliability. Typical types of activities have included the development of the Space Shuttle Escape System that addressed basic physiologic needs as applied to the design, development, and implementation of space/survival suits for astronauts. Presently, he is applying the majority of his attention to the application of systems engineering approaches to prevent adverse medical events through the development and implementation of suitable systems-based interventions that enhance patient safety. Numerous patient safety tools and programs that the he developed have been implemented throughout the entire Department of Veterans Health Administration, the Department of Defense health system, and have been adopted nationally and internationally. Dr. Bagian received a B.S.in mechanical engineering from Drexel University and an M.D. from Thomas Jefferson University Jefferson Medical College.
Dr. Cameron R. Bass
CAMERON R. BASS is an associate research professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Duke University. He is a recognized expert in blast and ballistic injury risk modeling with over 15 years’ experience in biomechanics. This includes substantial experience developing biomechanical injury models of blast, ballistic, and blunt trauma. Following postdoctoral experience (on an NSF fellowship) developing injury biomechanics models for blunt impact at the University of Virginia, Dr. Bass established a military and high-rate biomechanics program at the University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, which he ran from 1995 to 2008. Since 2008, he has led efforts in biomechanics at Duke University in the Injury Biomechanics Laboratory. One initial focus of the program was cranial, thoracic, and spinal injuries from behind-armor blunt trauma and other biomechanically based injury risk functions. In recent years, Dr. Bass’s program has focused on the assessment of brain and thoracic trauma from primary blast and high-rate blunt trauma. Dr. Bass has developed animal and human cadaver models for assessing blast injuries, including the first large animal model, which demonstrated diffuse injury to axons from short-duration blasts that do not cause fatality from pulmonary trauma. Dr. Bass has over 80 peer-reviewed publications in biomechanics, including blast and blunt injury biomechanics and tissue biomechanics. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Virginia.
Dr. John M. Cavanaugh
JOHN M. CAVANAUGH is professor and interim chair in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Wayne State University with a secondary appointment in orthopaedic surgery. Dr. Cavanaug is a medical doctor and a licensed professional engineer in the state of Michigan. He has conducted research in injury biomechanics and neurophysiology of pain and has published papers on motor vehicle injury biomechanics of the head, neck, shoulder, thorax, abdomen, and pelvis and book chapters on chest injury biomechanics and spinal disorders. Some of his findings have been incorporated into the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard on side impact. He has co-authored over 80 peer reviewed journal publications, 11 book chapters, and over 100 abstracts in conference proceedings. Dr. Cavanaugh has for several years taught a graduate course in injury biomechanics and several other graduate courses in biomedical engineering. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering and the Society of Automotive Engineers. Dr. Cavanaugh received B.S. and M.S. degrees in engineering and an M.D. from Michigan State University.
Dr. Elliot L. Chaikof
ELLIOT L. CHAIKOF (NAM) is chair of the Roberta and Stephen R. Weiner Department of Surgery and Surgeon-in-Chief at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and holds the Johnson and Johnson Professorship of Surgery at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Chaikof is a member of the Wyss Institute of Biologically Inspired Engineering of Harvard University, the Harvard Stem Cell Institute, and holds a faculty appointment in the Division of Health Sciences and Technology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has previously held faculty appointments in the Department of Surgery at Emory University, as well as in the Departments of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Dr. Chaikof’s clinical interests focus on the treatment of vascular diseases of the aorta, carotid, and peripheral arteries. In 1994, he initiated one of the first programs for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair in the United States and was among the core group of principal investigators that conducted the first FDA-approved clinical trials of stent-grafts for repair of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms. He has been responsible for the formulation of national clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of aortic aneurysms. Dr. Chaikof is editor of the Atlas of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, which was published by Elsevier in 2014 with subsequent editions published in Mandarin and Portuguese. Dr. Chaikof’s translational research interests lie at the interface of medicine, chemistry, and engineering with a focus on drug discovery and tissue engineering. He has published more than 300 articles and has approximately two dozen patents. Dr. Chaikof received a B.A. and M.D. from Johns Hopkins Univerrsity and a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Mr. Stephen C. Merriman
STEPHEN C. MERRIMAN is a Boeing Associate Technical Fellow (retired), a fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, and an associate fellow of the Aerospace Medical Association. Over a 50-year career with the Department of Defense and Boeing, he has provided human factors and/or human systems integration support to more than 65 system acquisition programs, including a variety of military aircraft, the Space Shuttle, ground combat vehicles, airborne and ground robotic vehicles, and command and control systems. Mr. Merriman chaired the SAE International G-45 Human Systems Integration Committee for more than 10 years and has chaired two technical committees of the DoD Human Factors Engineering Technical Advisory Group for more than 20 years. He was appointed to the U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (2015-2018) and currently serves on two National Academies panels. Mr. Merriman received an M.S. in psychology from American University and is DoD/DAU Level-3 certified in program management.
Mr. James F. O'Bryon
JAMES F. O’BRYON is a national consultant on defense and homeland security. He was employed by the Actuarial Department of New York Life’s home office, then drafted into the Army during the Viet Nam War and then served as a mathematician and systems analyst at the Ballistics Research Laboratory and the Army Materiel Systems Analysis Activity before accepting a position created by Congress in the Office of the Secretary of Defense in 1986 as Director, Live Fire T&E. This Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense position requires oversight and realistic testing of all major US military systems under development. He has testified multiple times before the US Congress on the effectiveness, suitability and survivability of systems or all Services and testified on aviation and homeland security. He has served on several NAS/NRC panels, chairing several including Aviation Security, Data Fusion, and Bioterrorism. He is recipient of the Arthur Stein Award and Hollis Award as well as awards from Army and SecDef. He was a lecturer at DSMC/DAU during his OSD tenure and since has taught > 900 military and defense industry personnel T&E of system survivability and effectiveness. He served on MIT’s Education Council for >20 years is listed in Who’s Who in America, authored 2 books and nearly 200 technical reports and open literature publications. Since retiring from OSD, he has consulted on defense for several organizations on aviation security, IT, vulnerability, survivability, explosives, T&E, operations research, M&S, and homeland defense. He has served 21 years as Chairman of the T&E Division of the NDIA and is a member of AIAA and ITEA. He has served on the boards of several 501c3 charitable organizations. He received a B.S. in mathematics from The King's College, an M.S. in operations research/systems analysis/management science from George Washington University, and an M.S. in electrical engineering from MIT.
Dr. Frederick P. Rivara
FREDERICK P. RIVARA (NAM) is the holder of the Seattle Children’s Guild Association Endowed Chair in Pediatrics, and is vice chair and professor of pediatrics and adjunct professor of epidemiology at the University of Washington. He is editor-in-chief of JAMA Pediatrics. Dr. Rivara’s research and policy interests are in Injury control and in prevention. He has worked for the last 30 years in injury control research, program development, and evaluation. Injury control encompasses injury prevention, trauma systems and trauma care, rehabilitation after injury, outcome from injury, and training in injury prevention and control. As a pediatrician, he has special expertise in injuries to children. However, much of his research has been on injuries to people of all ages. Dr. Rivara has worked on injuries of all types including both intentional and unintentional, and to people of all ages. He has also done research on trauma systems, trauma centers, and outcomes from trauma. Most recently he has focused on traumatic brain injury, especially sports concussions. Dr. Rivara served as founding director of the Harborview Injury and Research Center in Seattle for 13 years, founding president of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention, and his contributions to the field of injury control have spanned 30 years. Dr. Rivara earned a Bachelor’s degree at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, MA and received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania and an M.P.H. from the University of Washington.
Dr. Alan Needleman - (Chair) - (Chair)
Texas A&M University
ALAN NEEDLEMAN (NAE) is professor of materials science and engineering at the University of North Texas. His research interests include computational studies aimed at elucidating mechanisms of plastic flow and fracture in engineering materials, especially metals and metal-based composites. Topics of particular interest have been the micromechanics of ductile fracture by the nucleation, growth and coalescence of microvoids, brittle-ductile transitions, material and structural instabilities, relations between microstructure and mechanical properties in heterogeneous solids, and dynamic crack growth. Much of his recent work has focused on the description of plastic flow in crystals in terms of the dynamics of large numbers of dislocations and on cohesive surface modeling of fracture processes. He is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1989; a fellow of the American Academy of Mechanics, 1995; a Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2007; and a member of the Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas, 2009.
Ms. Jill H. Smith
United States Army [Retired]
JILL H. SMITH is a retired director of the U.S. Army Communications-Electronics Research, Development, and Engineering Center. Her areas of expertise include C4ISR (Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance); Ballistic research, development, and test and evaluation; survivability and lethality research, development, experimentation and analysis; modeling and simulation, high-performance computing; analysis to include management/organizational analyses. She served as the senior technical advisor within the Army on all research, development and engineering matters in the area of C4ISR which includes night vision and electronic sensors (targeting, reconnaissance, combat indentification, etc.); tactical communications and networks; mission command technologies to include software intensive systems; position, navigation and timing; information and intelligence warfare systems and protection; and engineering data for acquisition management. Her awards and honors include the Meritorious Presidential Rank Award for her work for the U.S. Army.
Dr. James J. Streilein
JAMES J. STREILEIN is an independent consultant. He consults for the MITRE and RAND Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. He served as the Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC) Executive Director from May 2010 until Oct 2010 when he left the Army to become the Deputy Director of the Net-Centric, Space and Missile Defense Division of the Director, Operational Test and Evaluation in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. Dr. Streilein was the recipient of a 2005 and a 2010 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executive. In 2010, he was awarded the Walter W. Hollis award for outstanding lifetime achievement in Defense Test and Evaluation by the National Defense Industries Association and the Allen R. Matthews award for outstanding career contributions by the International Test and Evaluation Association. Dr. Streilein is a long time active member of the International Test and Evaluation Association (ITEA). He was Vice President of ITEA’s Frances Scott Key Chapter in 1998-99 and President in 1999. Previously, he served on its Board of Directors and as its publication chair for the 1982 National Symposium held in Baltimore. He served as the National Defense Industrial Association’s Test and Evaluation Division Chair.