Dr. James P. Bagian - (Chair)
University of Michigan
JAMES P. BAGIAN (NAE/IOM) is the director of the Center for Health Engineering and Patient Safety and is a professor in the Medical School and the College of Engineering at the University of Michigan. Previously, he served as the first Director of the VA National Center for Patient Safety (NCPS) and the first Chief Patient Safety Officer for the Department of Veterans Affairs from 1999 to 2010 where he developed numerous patient safety related tools and programs that have been adopted nationally and internationally. Dr. Bagian served as a NASA astronaut and is a veteran of two Space Shuttle missions including as the lead mission specialist for the first dedicated Life Sciences Spacelab mission. Currently his primary interest and expertise involves the development and implementation of multidisciplinary programs and projects that involve the integration of engineering, medical/life sciences, and human factor disciplines. Presently, he is applying the majority of his attention to the application of systems engineering approaches to the analysis of medical adverse events and the development and implementation of suitable corrective actions that will enhance patient safety primarily through preventive means. He received his B.S. in mechanical engineering from Drexel University and his M.D. from Jefferson Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University. Dr. Bagian is a member of both the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bagian has served on numerous NRC committees, including the Space Studies Board (2000-2003) and the Task Group on Research on the International Space Station (2001-2003), the Committee on Space Biology and Medicine (2000-2003), the Review of NASA Strategic Roadmaps: Space Station Panel (2005), the Committee on NASA’s Bioastronautics Critical Path Roadmap (2004-2006), the Committee on Optimizing Graduate Medical Trainee (Resident) Hours and Work Schedules to Improve Patient Safety (2007-2009) and the Microgravity Decadal Survey Panel (2009 – 2010 ).
Dr. Lennard A. Fisk
University of Michigan
LENNARD A. FISK (NAS) is the Thomas M. Donahue distinguished university professor of space science in the department of Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences at the University of Michigan. Dr. Fisk was previously the associate administrator for Space Science and Applications and chief scientist at NASA. He has served as professor of physics and vice president for research and financial affairs at the University of New Hampshire. He is a member of the board of directors of the Orbital Sciences Corporation and co-founder of the Michigan Aerospace Corporation. He is an active researcher in both theoretical and experimental studies of the solar atmosphere and its expansion into space to form the heliosphere. Dr. Fisk received his Ph.D. in applied physics from the University of California, San Diego. His prior NRC service includes chair of the Space Studies Board and membership on the Committee on Scientific Communication and National Security, the Committee on Fusion Science Assessment, the Committee on International Space Programs, the Air Force Physics Research Committee, and the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
Dr. Lee-Lueng Fu
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
LEE-LEUNG FU (NAE) is a JPL Fellow and Senior Research Scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology. He has been the Project Scientist for JPL’s satellite altimetry missions since 1988, including TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason, and Ocean Surface Topography Mission/Jason-2. He is currently the Project Scientist for the US/France joint Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission (SWOT), which is being developed as the next generation altimetry mission for measuring water elevation on Earth. Dr. Fu's research has been focused on the dynamics of ocean waves and currents ranging from small-scale internal gravity waves to ocean basin-scale circulation. He received a B.S. degree in Physics from National Taiwan University (1972) and a Ph.D. in Oceanography from Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (1980). He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, and a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Meteorological Society. Recently he was awarded the COSPAR International Cooperation Medal for his leadership in the development and continuation of satellite altimetry missions.
Dr. Sarah Gibson
National Center for Atmospheric Research
SARAH GIBSON is presently a scientist at the High Altitude Observatory (HAO) at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado. Dr. Gibson’s positions prior to her arrival at HAO included a 1-year visit to Cambridge University as a NATO/NSF post-doctoral fellow, and nearly 4 years at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center—first as a National Research Council (NRC) associate and then as a research assistant professor at the Catholic University of America. Her primary interest is in the magnetic structure and dynamic evolution of coronal mass ejections (CMEs), and she uses theoretical CME models to explain a wide variety of space- and ground-based observations of CMEs from pre-eruption, through initiation and eruption, to their post-eruption state. A particular focus is observations and models of coronal prominence cavities, which represent dynamic equilibrium states that store magnetic energy, and Dr. Gibson leads an ISSI international working group to study coronal cavities. Dr. Gibson is also a leader of the Whole Sun Month and Whole Heliosphere Interval international coordinated observing and modeling efforts to characterize the three-dimensional, interconnected solar-heliospheric-planetary system. Dr. Gibson was the recipient of the AAS-SPD 2005 Karen Harvey Prize. She is a scientific editor for the Astrophysical Journal and has served on the Heliophysics Subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Council, on the AURA Solar Observatory Council, and as a member of the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope Science Working Group. She obtained her Ph.D. in astrophysics from the University of Colorado, Boulder. She served on the NRC Committee for a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics), the Committee on Solar and Space Physics, the Committee on Distributed Arrays of Small Instruments for Research and Monitoring in Solar-Terrestrial Physics: A Workshop and the Astro2010 Panel on Radio, Millimeter, and Submillimeter from the Ground.
Dr. J. Todd Hoeksema
J. TODD HOEKSEMA is a senior research scientist in the W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory at Stanford University. His professional experience includes research administration, system and scientific programming, and the design, construction, and operation of instruments to measure solar magnetic and velocity fields from both ground and space. He is co-investigator and magnetic team lead for the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory and the instrument scientist for the Michelson Doppler Imager instrument on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory that was launched by NASA and the European Space Agency. He has been associated with the Wilcox Solar Observatory at Stanford for three sunspot cycles. His primary scientific interests include the physics of the Sun and the interplanetary medium, solar-terrestrial relations, the large-scale solar and coronal magnetic fields, solar velocity fields and rotation, helioseismology, and education and public outreach. Dr. Hoeksema was chair of the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society, and has served on the heliophysics subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Council Science Committee. He has served for 4 years as a solar physics discipline scientist at NASA. Dr. Hoeksema led NASA's Heliophyiscis Roadmap team in 2005. He has been awarded the NASA distinguished public service medal and is a member of the AAS, American Geophysical Union (AGU), International Astronomical Union, American Scientific Affiliation, and American Association for the Advancement of Science. In addition, for several years Dr. Hoeksema was the vice-chair of Commission E.2 of the Committee on Space Research. He earned his Ph.D. in applied physics from Stanford University. He recently served on the NRC’s Astro2010 Panel on Optical and Infrared Astronomy from the Ground.
Dr. John M. Klineberg
Loral Space and Communications, Ltd. [Retired]
JOHN M. KLINEBERG is retired president of Space Systems/Loral (SS/L). Before assuming the presidency of SS/L, Dr. Klineberg served as executive vice president for Loral’s Globalstar program, where he successfully led the development, production, and deployment of the Globalstar satellite constellation used for telephone services. Prior to joining Loral in 1995, Dr. Klineberg spent 25 years at NASA, where he served in a variety of management and technical positions. He was the director of the Goddard Space Flight Center, director of the Lewis (now Glenn) Research Center, deputy associate administrator for aeronautics and space technology at NASA Headquarters, and a research scientist at the Ames Research Center. Before beginning his career at NASA, he conducted fundamental studies in fluid dynamics at the California Institute of Technology and worked at the Douglas Aircraft Company and the Grumman Aircraft Company. Dr. Klineberg has a B.S. in engineering from Princeton University and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology. He is the former chair of two NRC study committees, including the Committee to Review the NASA Astrobiology Institute, a former member of two other NRC committees, and a former member of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. He is currently serving as a member of the steering committee of a NRC Review of NASA Technology Development Roadmaps.
Dr. Stephen Mackwell
Lunar and Planetary Institute
STEPHEN MACKWELL is the director of the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston, Texas. Dr. Mackwell conducts laboratory-based research into the physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of geological materials under conditions relevant to the mantle and crust of Earth and other terrestrial planets. Prior to his 2002 appointment to the Lunar and Planetary Institute, Dr. Mackwell served as the director of the Bayerisches Geoinstitut at the University of Bayreuth, Germany. Under his guidance the Geoinstitut strengthened its position as one of the preeminent experimental geosciences facilities in the world and broadened its research programs to more fully address deep-Earth issues. Dr. Mackwell has or is serving as program director for geophysics for the National Science Foundation’s (NSF’s) Division of Earth Sciences, (1993-1994), expert reviewer for the Department of Energy’s Geosciences Research Program (1993), member of the Review Panel for NASA’s Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program (1994-1996 and 2002-present), group chief of the review panel for NASA’s Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program (1996-1998), and expert consultant for NSF’s Division of Earth Sciences (1995). He received his M.S. from the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, and his Ph.D. in geophysics from the Australian National University.
Dr. Marcia J. Rieke
University of Arizona
MARCIA J. RIEKE (NAS) is a Regent's Professor and astronomer in the Department of Astronomy at the University of Arizona. Her research interests include infrared observations of galactic nuclei and high redshift galaxies. She has served as the deputy principal investigator on the near infrared camera and multi-object spectrometer for the Hubble Space Telescope (NICMOS), and she is currently the principal investigator for the near-infrared camera (NIRCam) for the James Webb Space Telescope. Dr. Rieke has worked with the Spitzer Space Telescope as a co-investigator for the multiband imaging photometer, as outreach coordinator, and as a member of the Science Working Group. She was also involved with several infrared ground observatories, including the Multiple Mirror Telescope in Arizona. Dr. Rieke is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She has been on several NRC committees, most recently as a member of the last decadal survey on astronomy and astrophysics, where she served as the vice chair in charge of the program prioritization and cost and technical evaluation processes of the survey. She also served as a survey committee member for the 2002 survey and as vice chair of that survey’s Panel on Ultraviolet, Optical, and Infrared Astronomy from Space. She received her Ph.D. in physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Dr. Meenakshi Wadhwa
Arizona State University
MEENAKSHI WADHWA is director of the Center for Meteorite Studies and professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University. Her research interests focus on deciphering the origin and evolution of the solar system and planetary bodies through geochemical and isotopic investigations. She uses high-precision mass spectrometric techniques to study a wide range of solar system materials including meteorites of martian and asteroidal origin, Moon rocks (from the Apollo missions and lunar meteorites), and other samples returned by spacecraft missions. Dr. Wadhwa is a recipient of the Guggenheim Fellowship (2005) and the Nier Prize of the Meteoritical Society (2000), which is awarded for outstanding research by a young scientist. Asteroid 8356 has been named 8356 Wadhwa in recognition of her contributions to planetary science. She recently chaired NASA’s Curation and Analysis Planning Team for Extraterrestrial Materials. She received her Ph.D. in earth and planetary sciences from Washington University in St. Louis. Dr. Wadhwa has served on several NRC committees, including the NRC Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life, the Committee on an Astrobiology Strategy for the Exploration of Mars, and the Committee on the Review of Planetary Protection Requirements for Mars Sample-Return Missions
Dr. Belinda Wilkes
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
BELINDA WILKES is a senior astrophysicist at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory who specializes in the study of supermassive black holes in the centers of galaxies. She is also the assistant director for the Chandra X-ray Center. Her research interests include X-ray lead for several multi-wavelength studies of quasar samples. This includes 3CR radio sources at high redshift and 2MASS-selected red quasars. She is also the X-ray lead on the medium-depth Chandra/SWIRE survey in the Lockman Hole-Deep X-ray observations of a small part of the Spitzer SWIRE Legacy project. She has served on the AAS HEAD Executive Committee (2010 – 2013), the Astrophysics Subcommittee (APS) of the NASA Advisory Council (2006 – 2009) the Michelson Science Center Oversight Committee (2006), the Spitzer Science Users' Panel (SUP), (1998 – 2004) the NVO Science Steering Committee, (2004 – 2007), and the NOAO Program Review Panel (2004–2007). She has received her B.Sc. from St. Andrews University; and her Ph.D. for optical astronomy from Cambridge University.
Dr. Steven C. Wofsy
STEVEN C. WOFSY (NAS) is the Abbott Lawrence Rotch Professor of Atmospheric and Environmental Science at Harvard University. His research emphasizes sources and distributions of greenhouse gases on urban, regional and global scakes and the impacts of climate change and land use on ecosystems and atmospheric composition. Dr. Wofsy’s extensive research interests include: Terrestrial carbon, effects of forests on climate, and climate in forests; inference of large-scale carbon budgets from atmospheric and land surface data; CO2 as a tracer of atmospheric transport in the upper troposphere and stratosphere; and new instrumentation for measuring atmospheric carbon cycle species (CO2, CO, CH4). Dr. Wofsy has published over 300 journal articles during a career spanning four decades. His awards include the AGU’s Macelwane prize and NASA’s Distinguished Public Service Medal. In 2011, he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. He earned his B.S. in chemistry from the University of Chicago and his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in chemistry from Harvard University. He has served on the NASA Earth System Science and Applications Advisory and on the NASA Advisory Council as well as on the Carbon Cycle Science Plan Working Group and North American Carbon Program writing group. His recent NRC service includes the Committee on Indicators for Understanding Global Climate Change, the Panel on Atmosphere, the Committee on Methods for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and the Committee on Ensuring the Utility and Integrity of Research Data in a Digital Age.