Dr. Albert Carnesale - (Chair)
University of California, Los Angeles
ALBERT CARNESALE (NAE) is chancellor emeritus and professor at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He was chancellor of the university from 1997 through 2006 and now serves as professor of public policy and of mechanical and aerospace engineering. Prior to joining UCLA, he served at Harvard University for 23 years as the Lucius N. Littauer Professor of Public Policy and Administration, dean of the John F. Kennedy School of Government, and provost of the University. He also previously served in both government and industry. His research and teaching focus on public policy issues having substantial scientific and technological dimensions. Dr. Carnesale is the author or co-author of six books and more than 100 articles on a wide range of subjects, including national security strategy, arms control, nuclear proliferation, the effects of technological change on foreign and defense policy, domestic and international energy issues, and higher education. He is a member of the Mission Committees of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the board of directors of Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, and the advisory board of the RAND Corporation’s Center for Global Risk and Security. He is also a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Association for the Advancement of Science and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Dr. Carnesale holds a B.M.E from the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, an M.S. in mechanical engineering from Drexel University, and a Ph.D. in nuclear engineering from North Carolina State University. He has served as a member of the Secretary of Energy's Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future. He has previously served as chair of the NRC Committee on America’s Climate Choices, the Committee on Sustaining and Improving the Nation’s Nuclear Forensics.
Dr. Ronald M. Sega - (Vice Chair)
Colorado State University Research Foundation
RONALD M. SEGA is vice president for applied research at the Colorado State University Research Foundation and the Woodward Professor of Systems Engineering and director of graduate studies in systems engineering at Colorado State University (CSU). At Ohio State University (OSU) he is the enterprise executive for energy and the environment and serves as chair of the President’s and Provost’s Council on Sustainability. Dr. Sega serves as chair of the Sustainability, Energy, and Environment Advisory Committee at CSU. He most recently was the under secretary of the Air Force where he led the Air Force team that won the overall Presidential Award for Leadership in Federal Energy Management for 2006. Dr. Sega served as director of Defense Research and Engineering and as the chief technology officer for the Department of Defense. He retired from the Air Force Reserve as a major general in the position of reserve assistant to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff after 31 years in the Air Force, having served in various assignments at Air Force Space Command and as a pilot. A former astronaut, he flew aboard the space shuttles Discovery and Atlantis. Dr. Sega has also been a faculty member in the College of Engineering and Applied Science at University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, and served as dean from 1996-2001.He holds a B.S. in mathematics and physics from the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, an M.S. in physics from OSU, and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Colorado. He is currently a member of the NRC Division Committee on Engineering and Physical Sciences and has previously served as chair of the Committee on Cost Growth in NASA Earth and Space Science Missions and is an ex officio member of the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable.
Dr. Mark R. Abbott
Oregon State University
MARK R. ABBOTT is dean of the College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University, Corvallis. His research focuses on the interaction of biological and physical processes in the upper ocean, remote sensing of ocean color and sea surface temperature, phytoplankton fluorescence, and length and time scales of phytoplankton variability. He deployed the first array of bio-optical moorings in the Southern Ocean as part of the U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS). Dr. Abbott chairs the U.S. JGOFS Science Steering Committee and was a member of the MODIS and SeaWiFS science teams. He is currently a member of the board of trustees for the Consortium for Ocean Leadership and a member of the National Science Board. He is also a member of the board of trustees for the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. Dr. Abbott earned a B.S. in conservation of natural resources at the University of California, Berkeley, and an M.S. in ecology from the University of California, Davis. Dr. Abbott has also served as the chair of the SSB’s Committee on Earth Studies. Other prior NRC service includes the Committee on Indicators for Understanding Global Climate Change, the Committee on the Role and Scope of Mission-Enabling Activities in NASA’s Space and Earth Sciences Missions, and the Panel on Land-Use Change, Ecosystem Dynamics, and Biodiversity for the 2007 decadal survey on Earth science and applications from space. Dr. Abbott is currently a member of the NRC’s Committee on an Assessment of NASA's Earth Science Program, which is carrying out a mid-decade assessment of the implementation of the Earth science and applications from space decadal survey.
Dr. Jacques E. Blamont
Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES)
JACQUES E. BLAMONT (NAS) is advisor to the president of the French national space agency, Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES). Dr. Blamont previously served as CNES’s first scientific and technical director, as chief scientist, and as advisor to the director general. In addition to his career at CNES, he was a professor at the University of Paris. During that period, Dr. Blamont was the director of the largest space laboratory in France, CNRS’s Service d’aéronomie. He was also a distinguished visiting scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and a professor at the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Blamont still teaches at the Ecole de Guerre (War College) of the French Ministry of Defense. Involved in atmospheric research, he discovered the turbopause, the interstellar wind, and the hydrogen halo of comets. He is the author of the first measurements of atmospheric temperature from an altitude of 100 to 500 km, he made the first determination of Einstein’s general relativity red shift on the Sun, and he conceived and led the French-Soviet mission of balloons in Venus’s atmosphere. Dr. Blamont was a member of the science groups of the NASA missions Voyager and Pioneer-Venus and the USSR’s missions Vega and Phobos. He was a major contributor to the lunar Clementine mission led by the U.S. Department of Defense, for which he developed an image data compression system later used in Cassini-Huygens, Mars Express, Venus Express, and the French missions SPOT-5 and Helios II. He is a member of the French Academie des Sciences and a foreign associate of the American Philosophical Society and of the Indian Natural Academy of Sciences. Among his honors are the NASA Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement (1972), the NASA Distinguished Service Medal (2000), the Gagarine Medal and Order of People’s Friendship of the USSR, the Guggenheim Medal and the Von Karman Medal, and the COSPAR Science Award (2004). Dr. Blamont has published five books, more than 200 scientific papers, and hundreds of papers on various science and policy subjects. He holds a D.Sc. and a B.S in physics from Ecole Normale Supérieure. Dr. Blamont was previously a member of the NRC Planetary and Lunar Exploration Task Group.
Dr. John C. Brock
Northrop Grumman Space Technology
JOHN C. BROCK is an aerospace consultant. He served as chair of a study on the Operational Utility of Small Satellites for the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board and is retired as the chief technologist at Northrop Grumman Space Technology. Dr. Brock previously served as the director of technology strategy and planning at Northrop Grumman and prior to that, served in a variety of roles at TRW including chief technologist of the Space and Technology division. His areas of expertise include optoelectronics, high energy lasers, space systems, and technology planning and road mapping. Dr. Brock is a senior technical fellow at Northrop Grumman Space Technology and TRW and a member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. He received the Distinguished Patent Award and the Chairman’s Award for Innovation from TRW. Dr. Brock earned a B.S. in chemistry from the University of Washington and a Ph.D. in chemical physics at the University of California at Berkeley. He has no prior NRC experience.
Capt. Robert L. Crippen (USN, ret)
Thiokol Propulsion [Retired]
ROBERT L. CRIPPEN (NAE) is retired from Thiokol Propulsion Group, Brigham City, Utah where he served as president. He is also a retired Captain from the U.S. Navy. He joined NASA as an astronaut in 1969 and went on to serve as a member of the astronaut support crew for three Skylab missions, as well as the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mission, which was completed in July 1975. He served as pilot on STS-1 (April 1981), and was the spacecraft commander on STS-7 (June 1983), STS-41C (April 1984) and STS-41G (October 1984). From 1986-1989, he was deputy director, Shuttle Operations, at Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Florida, responsible for final Shuttle preparation, mission execution. He also served as director, Space Shuttle, at NASA Headquarters from 1990 until he was named KSC director in 1992. In his headquarters post, Captain Crippen presided over the overall Shuttle program requirements and performance, and total program control. As KSC Center director, he managed the processing, launch, and recovery of Space Shuttle missions. He next served as vice president of Training Simulation Systems at Lockheed Martin Information Systems. In December 1996, Captain Crippen was named president of the Thiokol Propulsion Group, Brigham City, Utah. He retired in April 2001. He received his B.S. in aerospace engineering University of Texas in Austin. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and previously served on the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board.
Mr. Joseph S. Hezir
EOP Group, Inc.
JOSEPH S. HEZIR is the co-founder and managing partner of the EOP Group, Inc., a consulting firm that specializes in federal government regulatory strategy development and budget policy. He previously served 18 years in the White House Office of Management and Budget in positions of increasing responsibility, serving for 6 years as deputy associate director for energy and science. He has also served on a number of advisory bodies, including the NASA Advisory Council and the Metropolitan Area Board of Directors for the Red Cross. From Carnegie Mellon University, Mr. Hezir earned a B.S. in chemical engineering and an M.S. from the Heinz School of Public Policy. He has previously served on numerous NRC committees, including the Committee on EPP2010: Elementary Particle Physics in the 21st Century, the Committee on Burning Plasma Assessment, the Committee on Cost of and Payment for Animal Research, and he is currently a member on the Board on Physics and Astronomy.
Dr. Ann R. Karagozian
University of California, Los Angeles
ANN R. KARAGOZIAN is a professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Her research interests are in fluid mechanics, propulsion, and combustion, with applications to high-efficiency energy generation and aerospace propulsion systems. Dr. Karagozian served as the vice chair of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (SAB), and was a member of the SAB. She chaired a wide-ranging study for the SAB on the Future of Launch Vehicles for the U.S. Air Force and previously chaired studies for the SAB on Air Vehicle Fuel Efficiency and Persistence at Near Space Altitudes. She also served on the NASA Aeronautics Advisory Committee. Dr. Karagozian is the immediate past chair of the American Physical Society/Division of Fluid Dynamics and also is immediate past chair of the UCLA Academic Senate, representing 3,500 UCLA faculty. She is a fellow of both AIAA and the American Physical Society. She received her B.S. in engineering, summa cum laude, from UCLA and her M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering from the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Karagozian is currently a member-at-large of the NRC U.S. National Committee on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics and has previously served as a member of the Committee to Identify Potential Breakthrough Technologies and Assess Long-Term R&D Goals in Aeronautics and Space Transportation Technology, the Panel on Platforms, and the Committee on Space Facilities.
Dr. Mark J. Lewis
University of Maryland, College Park
MARK J. LEWIS is the Willis Young, Jr., Professor and chair of the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Maryland. From 2004-2008, he served as the chief scientist of the U.S. Air Force. He is also the past president of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). Dr. Lewis has been teaching and conducting basic and applied research in the fields of hypersonic aerodynamics, advanced propulsion, and space vehicle design and optimization. His work has spanned the aerospace flight spectrum from the analysis of conventional jet engines to entry into planetary atmospheres at hypervelocity speeds, with a specialty in the integration of high-speed engines with highly-efficient airframes. Dr. Lewis is the author of more than 290 technical publications, and he has been adviser to more than 60 graduate students. A recipient of both the Department of Defense Meritorious Civilian Service Award and Exceptional Civilian Service Award, Dr. Lewis received the IECEC/AIAA Lifetime Achievement Award and was named an Aviation Week and Space Technology Laureate in 2007. He is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, a fellow of AIAA, and a president’s fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society. Dr. Lewis received a B.S. in aeronautics and astronautics and in Earth and planetary science and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in aeronautics and astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is currently a member of the NRC Air Force Studies Board and has previously served as a member of Panel B: Robotic Access and Human Planetary Landing Systems and the Panel to Review Air Force Office of Scientific Research Proposals in Fluids.
Ms. Marcia S. Smith
Space and Technology Policy Group, LLC
MARCIA S. SMITH is the president of Space and Technology Policy Group, LLC, and founder and editor of SpacePolicyOnline.com. Previously, she was the director of the Space Studies Board and the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the National Research Council. For the prior 31 years, she was a space and technology policy specialist for the Congressional Research Service (CRS), a department of the Library of Congress that provides objective and non-partisan research and analysis exclusively for members and committees of Congress. She took a leave of absence from CRS to serve as executive director of the congressionally chartered, presidentially appointed National Commission on Space. Chaired by (the late) former NASA Administrator Thomas O. Paine, the commission laid out a 50-year plan (through 2035) for the civilian space program in its report Pioneering the Space Frontier. She is the author of more than 200 reports and articles on military, civil, and commercial space programs; telecommunications (including the technology policy aspects of Internet privacy and other Internet issues); and nuclear energy. Ms. Smith is the North American editor for the quarterly journal Space Policy. Among her many professional affiliations, she is a fellow of AIAA and has served on many of its committees and as an AIAA Distinguished Lecturer. She is a fellow of the American Astronautical Society for which she is currently its vice president of public policy; in the past she has served as president and in other official capacities and received its John F. Kennedy Award in 2006. She is a founder, past president, and emeritus member of Women in Aerospace and received its Lifetime Achievement Award in 2003. She is member and past trustee of the International Academy of Astronautics; a member and past vice president of the International Institute of Space Law; and a life member of the New York Academy of Sciences, the Washington Academy of Sciences, and Sigma Xi. Ms. Smith earned an A.B. in political science from Syracuse University. She has previously served as a member of the NRC Committee on Human Exploration.
Prof. Michael S. Turner
The University of Chicago
MICHAEL S. TURNER (NAS) is the Rauner Distinguished Service Professor and director of the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago. He is also president-elect of the American Physical Society (APS). He has previously served as chief scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, as assistant director for the Mathematical and Physical Sciences at the National Science Foundation, and as president of the Aspen Center for Physics. Dr. Turner helped to pioneer the interdisciplinary field of particle astrophysics and cosmology. His scholarly contributions include predicting cosmic acceleration and coining the term “dark energy,” and showing how during cosmic inflation quantum fluctuations evolved into the seed perturbations for galaxies. His honors include the Warner Prize of the American Astronomical Society (AAS), the Lilienfeld Prize of the APS, the Klopsted Award of the American Association of Physics Teachers, the Heineman Prize (with Kolb) of the AAS and American Institute of Physics, and the 2011 Darwin Lecture of the Royal Astronomical Society. He is a fellow of the APS, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Turner received his B.S. from California Institute of Technology, his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Stanford University, all in physics, and an honorary doctorate from Michigan State University. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and of its Governing Board. He currently serves as a member of the NRC Board on Physics and Astronomy, the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, and has previously served on the Committee on Decadal Survey on Astronomy and Astrophysics 2010.
Dr. Warren M. Washington
National Center for Atmospheric Research
WARREN M. WASHINGTON (NAE) is a senior scientist and former head of the Climate Change Research Section and director of the Climate and Global Dynamics Division at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado. His expertise is in atmospheric and climate research. He has engaged in research for more than 40 years, and he has given advice, testimony, and lectures on global climate change. He has been a member the U.S. President's National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere and has had presidential appointments under the Carter, Reagan, Clinton, and Bush administrations. More recently, he served on the National Science Board as a member and as chair. He has more than 150 publications and co-authored with Claire Parkinson a book that is considered a standard reference on climate modeling, An Introduction to Three-Dimensional Climate Modeling, and an autobiography, Odyssey in Climate Modeling, Global Warming, and Advising Five Presidents. Dr. Washington has many awards, including being a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the American Meteorological Society (former president), the American Philosophical Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Members of his group at NCAR shared in the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize as significant contributors to the Inter-governmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) Assessment. He has honorary degrees from OSU and Bates College. He has been the principal investigator on the Department of Energy (DOE) INCITE proposal for the Climate End Station, which coordinates computer time for development of state-of-art climate models and the use of such models for present and future climate change studies. He is also principal investigator for the University for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) and DOE cooperative agreement that carried out climate research. In November 2010, he was awarded the National Medal of Science by President Obama, the nation’s highest science award. Dr. Washington earned a B.S. in physics and M.S. in meteorology from Oregon State University and a Ph.D. in meteorology from Pennsylvania State University. He has served on a number of NRC committees, including as a member of the Space Studies Board, the Survey Steering Committee for Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future, and is currently serving as chair of the Committee to Advise the U.S. Global Change Research Program.