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Committee Membership Information

Project Title: Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration

PIN: DBASSE-CLAJ-11-01        

Major Unit:
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Sub Unit: DBASSE Committee on Law and Justice


Redburn, Stevens

Subject/Focus Area:  Behavioral and Social Sciences

Committee Membership
Date Posted:   06/06/2012

Mr. Jeremy Travis - (Chair)
John Jay College of Criminal Justice

JEREMY TRAVIS is president of John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Prior to his appointment in 2004, President Travis served four years as a senior fellow affiliated with the Justice Policy Center at the Urban Institute in Washington, DC, where he launched a national research program focused on prisoner reentry into society. From 1994-2000, he directed the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice. He was deputy commissioner for Legal Matters for the New York City Police Department (NYPD) from 1990-1994; chief counsel to the U.S. House Judiciary Subcommittee on Criminal Justice in 1990; Special Advisor to New York City Mayor Edward I. Koch from 1986-89; and Special Counsel to the Police Commissioner of the NYPD from 1984-86. Before joining city government, he served as law clerk to then-U.S. Court of Appeals Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg, currently a member of the U.S. Supreme Court. He was executive director of the New York City Criminal Justice Agency from 1977-79 and served six years at the Vera Institute of Justice. He has taught courses on criminal justice, public policy, history and law at Yale College, New York University Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, New York Law School, George Washington University, and John Jay College of Criminal Justice. He is the author of But They All Come Back: Facing the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry (Urban Institute Press, 2005), co-editor (with Christy Visher) of Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America (Cambridge University Press, 2005), and co-editor (with Michelle Waul) of Prisoners Once Removed: The Impact of Incarceration and Reentry on Children, Families, and Communities (Urban Institute Press, 2003). He is chair of the Committee on Law and Justice of the National Research Council and a member of the Board of Trustees of the Urban Institute. He earned a JD, cum laude, from the New York University School of Law; a M.P.A. from the New York University Wagner Graduate School of Public Service; and a B.A., cum laude, in American Studies from Yale College.

Dr. Jeffrey A. Beard
Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education

JEFFREY A. BEARD is former secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections. He was appointed by Governor Tom Ridge in 2001 and reappointed by Governor Edward G. Rendell on February 11, 2003. He was responsible for the management and operations of the Corrections Department which housed over 51,000 inmates, had 16,000 employees, and a $1.8 billion budget. On August 20, 2010, he retired after over 38 years of service to the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections. Since his retirement he has served as a consultant, advisor and/or instructor to the National Institute of Corrections, state corrections agencies and various companies on correctional matters, security, performance measures, evidence-based programs and assessment. Since early 2011, he has been a professor of practice with the Justice Center for Research at Pennsylvania State University. He began his criminal justice career as a corrections counselor at the State Correctional Institution (SCI) at Rockview in June 1972. While at Rockview, he was promoted to classification and treatment supervisor, deputy superintendent, and finally, acting superintendent. He was then named to the position of superintendent at SCI-Cresson. He was responsible for preparing the institution to receive its first inmates in February of 1987, and for the overall operations and fiscal management of the facility for approximately three years. In November of 1989, he was appointed to the superintendent II position at SCI-Camp Hill following two major riots. He remained in that position until May 1994, when he accepted the position of deputy commissioner for the central regional and later promoted to the executive deputy secretary position. He holds a B.S. in psychology, and a M.Ed. and Ph.D. in counseling, all from the Pennsylvania State University. Additionally, he is a licensed psychologist.

Dr. Robert D. Crutchfield
University of Washington

ROBERT D. CRUTCHFIELD is a professor of sociology at the University of Washington. His current research focuses on neighborhoods and crime, social inequality as a cause of crime, and racial inequality in the criminal justice system. He has written extensively on labor markets and crime, and on racial and ethnic disparities in prosecution, sentencing, and imprisonment. He is a fellow of the American Society of Criminology, a past vice-president of that organization, and he has served as the chair of American Sociological Association’s Crime, Law, and Deviance Section. From 2005 to 2011, he served on the National Research Council’s Committee on Law and Justice. Prior to his academic career, he was a juvenile probation officer and an adult parole officer in Pennsylvania. He also served on the Washington State Juvenile Sentencing Commission. He holds a B.A. from Thiel College, Greenville, Pennsylvania, and a M.A. and Ph.D. from Vanderbilt University.

Dr. Tony Fabelo
Council of State Governments Justice Center

TONY FABELO is division director of research at the Council of State Governments Justice Center. He is in charge of designing, developing, and implementing a research agenda for the Justice Center. He also provides technical assistance to state and local governments to help them increase public safety and make more efficient uses of state and local taxpayer dollars. Before joining CSG, he was a senior research associate with the JFA Institute. He worked between 1984 and 2003 with the Texas Criminal Justice Policy Council, appointed by Governor Ann Richards to head this state research and evaluation agency in 1991. He continued to serve as director under Governor George W. Bush and Governor Rick Perry. During his tenure on the council, he advised five governors from both sides of the aisle. In his different capacities in Texas he has assisted every legislature since 1985 in developing criminal justice policies, including crafting the major Justice Reinvestment initiative adopted by the Texas legislature in 2007. The US Attorney General appointed him to the Office of Justice Programs Science Advisory Panel in 2010. He received his B.A. in Political Science from Loyola University, and his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Austin.

Dr. Marie Gottschalk
University of Pennsylvania

MARIE GOTTSCHALK is a professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania. She specializes in American politics, with a focus on criminal justice, health policy, the U.S. political economy, organized labor, the welfare state, and the comparative politics of public policy. She is the author of, among other works, The Prison and the Gallows: The Politics of Mass Incarceration in America (Cambridge, 2006), which won the 2007 Ellis W. Hawley Prize from the Organization of American Historians, and The Shadow Welfare State: Labor, Business, and the Politics of Health Care in the United States (Cornell, 2000). She is a former editor and journalist and was a university lecturer for two years in the People’s Republic of China. In 2001-02 she was a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation in New York, and in 2009 she was named a distinguished lecturer in Japan by the Fulbright Program. She formerly served on the American Academy of Arts and Sciences national task force on the challenge of mass incarceration and is currently completing a book on the future of penal reform. She has a B.A. in history from Cornell University, a M.P.A. from Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, and a M.A. and Ph.D. in political science from Yale University.

Dr. Craig W. Haney
University of California, Santa Cruz

CRAIG W. HANEY is professor of psychology at the University of California, Santa Cruz. His research concerns the application of social psychological principles and data to various legal and civil rights issues. He has specialized in the assessment of institutional environments, especially the psychological effects of incarceration, as well as the study of criminogenic social histories of persons accused or convicted of serious violent crimes. He has toured and inspected correctional institutions across the country, and conducted research on the psychological effects of different forms of prison confinement. He writes widely about the psychology of imprisonment and both the determinants and consequences of prison policy. He holds a J.D. and Ph.D. from Stanford University.

The Honorable Ricardo H. Hinojosa
U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas

RICARDO H. HINOJOSA is a United States federal judge, and served as the chairman of the United States Sentencing Commission. He was a law clerk to the Texas Supreme Court from 1975 to 1976. He was then in private practice in McAllen, Texas until 1983. On April 12, 1983, he was nominated by President Ronald Reagan to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas vacated by Woodrow B. Seals. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 4, 1983, and received his commission on May 5, 1983. He was appointed as a commissioner on the United States Sentencing Commission by then-Chief Justice William Rehnquist in 2003. As of November 13, 2009, he became Chief Judge of the Southern District of Texas. He received a B.A. from the University of Texas, Austin and a J.D. from Harvard Law School.

Mr. Randall L. Kennedy
Harvard University

RANDALL L. KENNEDY is the Michael R. Klein professor of law at Harvard Law School. He served as a law clerk for Judge J. Skelly Wright of the U.S. Court of Appeals in 1982-83 and for Justice Thurgood Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court in 1983-84. He has taught at Harvard University since 1984. His research focuses on the intersection of racial conflict and legal institutions in American life. He is the author of five books: The Persistence of the Color Line: Racial Politics and the Obama Presidency (2012); Interracial Intimacies: Sex, Marriage, Identity and Adoption (2003); Nigger: The Strange Career of a Troublesome Word; Race, Crime, and the Law (1997); and Sellout: The Politics of Racial Betrayal (2008). Additionally, he has published over 75 shorter works in collection and articles. Many of his articles can be found in periodicals and newspapers such as: The American Prospect, The Nation, The Atlantic Monthly, Georgetown Law Journal, Harvard Black Letter Journal, The Washington Post and The Boston Globe. His book Race, Crime, and the Law won the Robert F. Kennedy Book Award. He received his B.A. degree from Princeton University, attended Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar, and earned his J.D. from Yale Law School.

Dr. Glenn C. Loury
Brown University

GLENN C. LOURY is the Merton P. Stoltz professor of the social sciences and professor of economics at Brown University. Previously he taught economics at Harvard, Northwestern, and the University of Michigan. He has made scholarly contributions to the fields of welfare economics, game theory, industrial organization, natural resource economics, and the economics of income distribution. He has been a scholar in residence at Oxford University, Tel Aviv University, the University of Stockholm, the Delhi School of Economics, the Institute for the Human Sciences in Vienna, and the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. He has received a Guggenheim Fellowship to support his work. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a fellow of the Econometric Society, and was elected vice president of the American Economic Association for 1997. His book, One by One, From the Inside Out: Essays and Reviews on Race and Responsibility in America won the 1996 American Book Award and the 1996 Christianity Today Book Award. He was chosen by his Boston University colleagues to present the prestigious University Lecture for the 1996-97 academic year. He was recently elected as a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and as a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has published over 200 essays and reviews on racial inequality and social policy. His recent work includes: “Color-Blind Affirmative Action,” accepted for forthcoming publication in Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, (with Roland Fryer and Tolga Yuret); “Valuing Identity: Trans-Generational Justice: Compensatory vs. Interpretative Approaches," in Reparations, Jon Miller (ed.), Oxford University Press (2006); “Racial Stigma: Toward a New Paradigm for Discrimination Theory,” in Understanding Poverty, A. Banerjee, R. Benabou and D. Mookherjee (eds.), Oxford University Press (2005). His books include The Anatomy of Racial Inequality (Harvard University Press, 2002); and, Ethnicity, Social Mobility and Public Policy: Comparing the U.S. and the U.K. (Cambridge University Press, 2005). He received his B.A. in mathematics from Northwestern University and his Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Dr. Sara S. McLanahan
Princeton University

SARA S. MCLANAHAN is the William S. Tod professor of sociology and public affairs at Princeton University. She is a faculty associate of the Office of Population Research and the founder and director of the Bendheim-Thoman Center for Research on Child Wellbeing. She is principal investigator of the Fragile Families Study and editor-in-chief of The Future of Children, a journal dedicated to providing research on policies to improve child health and wellbeing. She is a past president of the Population Association of America, and has served on the boards of the American Sociological Association and the Population Association of America. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and currently serves on the boards of the William T. Grant Foundation, the Russell Sage Foundation and the Robert Wood Johnson "Health and Society Scholars" program. She is the author of many articles and books including Fathers Under Fire: The Revolution in Child Support Enforcement (1998); Growing Up with a Single Parent (1994); and Single Mothers and Their Children: A New American Dilemma (1986). She earned her Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Texas at Austin.

Dr. Lawrence M. Mead
New York University

LAWRENCE M. MEAD is professor of politics and public policy at New York University, where he teaches public policy and American government, and a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. He has been a visiting professor at Harvard, Princeton, and the University of Wisconsin and a visiting fellow at Princeton and the Hoover Institution at Stanford. He is an expert on the problems of poverty and welfare in the United States. Among academics, he was the principal exponent of work requirements in welfare. He is a leading scholar of the politics and implementation of welfare reform and work programs for men. His many books and articles on these subjects have helped shape social policy in the United States and abroad. He testifies regularly to Congress on poverty, welfare, and social policy. He received his B.A. in political science at Amherst College, and his M.A. and Ph.D. in political science at Harvard University.

Dr. Anne Morrison Piehl
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

ANNE MORRISON PIEHL is associate professor of economics and director of the Program in Criminal Justice at Rutgers University and a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. She conducts research on the economics of crime and criminal justice. Current work analyzes the causes and consequences of the prison population boom, determinants of criminal sentencing outcomes, and the connections between immigration and crime, both historically and currently. She recently testified before the United States Sentencing Commission and the U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee on Immigration and served on the New Jersey Commission on Government Efficiency and Reform (GEAR) Corrections/Sentencing Task Force. Before joining Rutgers in 2005, she was on the faculty of the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. She received her A.B. from Harvard University and her Ph.D. from Princeton University.

Dr. Khalil Gibran Muhammad
New York Public Library

KHALIL GIBRAN MUHAMMAD is director of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library. He is a former professor of African-American history at Indiana University. He spent two years as an Andrew W. Mellon postdoctoral fellow at the Vera Institute of Justice, a nonprofit criminal justice reform agency in New York City, before joining the faculty of Indiana University. He is the author of The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America, which won the American Studies Association John Hope Franklin Publication Prize. The annual prize is awarded to the best published book in American studies. As an academic, he is at the forefront of scholarship on the enduring link between race and crime that has shaped and limited opportunities for African Americans. He is now working on his second book, Disappearing Acts: The End of White Criminality in the Age of Jim Crow, which traces the historical roots of the changing demographics of crime and punishment so evident today. He has been an associate editor of The Journal of American History. He received a B.A. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania and a Ph.D. in American history from Rutgers University, specializing in 20th-century U.S. and African-American history.

Dr. Daniel S. Nagin
Carnegie Mellon University

DANIEL S. NAGIN is Teresa and H. John Heinz III University professor of public policy and statistics in the Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University. He is an elected fellow of the American Society of Criminology and of the American Society for the Advancement of Science and is the 2006 recipient of the American Society of Criminology’s Edwin H Sutherland Award. His research focuses on the evolution of criminal and antisocial behaviors over the life course, the deterrent effect of criminal and non-criminal penalties on illegal behaviors, and the development of statistical methods for analyzing longitudinal data. His work has appeared in such diverse outlets as the American Economic Review, American Sociological Review, Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Journal of Sociology, Archives of General Psychiatry, Criminology, Child Development, Psychological Methodology, Law & Society Review, Crime and Justice Annual Review, Operations Research, and Stanford Law Review. He is also the author of Group-based Modeling of Development (Harvard University Press, 2005). He received his Ph.D. from the now H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University.

Dr. Devah Pager
Princeton University

DEVAH PAGER is an associate professor of Sociology and co-Director of the Joint Degree Program in Social Policy at Princeton University. She is also faculty associate of the Office of Population Research and the Woodrow Wilson School. Her research focuses on institutions affecting racial stratification, including education, labor markets, and the criminal justice system. Recent research has involved a series of field experiments studying discrimination against minorities and ex-offenders in the low-wage labor market. Her book, Marked: Race, Crime, and Finding Work in an Era of Mass Incarceration (University of Chicago, 2007), investigates the racial and economic consequences of large scale imprisonment for contemporary U.S. labor markets. She holds masters degrees from Stanford University and the University of Cape Town, and a Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Dr. Josiah D. Rich
Miriam Hospital, Brown University

JOSIAH D. RICH is professor of medicine and epidemiology at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and attending physician at The Miriam Hospital with expertise in infectious diseases and addiction. He has published over 150 peer-reviewed publications, predominantly in the overlap between infectious diseases, addictions and incarceration. He is principal investigator for several projects all focused on incarcerated populations. He is the director and co-founder of The Center for Prisoner Health and Human Rights at The Miriam Hospital Immunology Center. He is also a co-founder of the nationwide Centers for AIDS Research (CFAR) collaboration in HIV in corrections (CFAR/CHIC) initiative. He has advocated for public health policy changes to improve the health of people with addiction, including improving legal access to sterile syringes and increasing drug treatment for the incarcerated and formerly incarcerated populations. Dr. Rich graduated from the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Dr. Robert J. Sampson
Harvard University

ROBERT J. SAMPSON is the Henry Ford II Professor of the Social Sciences at Harvard University and past president of the American Society of Criminology. Before joining the Harvard faculty in 2003 he taught at the University of Chicago and was a research fellow at the American Bar Foundation. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the American Society of Criminology, and an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences. In June 2011 he and his colleague John Laub received the Stockholm Prize in Criminology. Sampson’s main research interests focus on crime, the life course, neighborhood effects, and the social structure of the contemporary city. His most recent book—Great American City: Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect—was published in paperback by the University of Chicago Press in June 2013. He received a M.A. and Ph.D. from the State University of New York at Albany.

Dr. Heather A. Thompson
Temple University

HEATHER ANN THOMPSON is associate professor of history in the Department of African American Studies and the Department of History at Temple University. She is writing the first comprehensive history of the Attica Prison Rebellion of 1971 and its legacy for Pantheon Books. She has also written numerous scholarly articles on the current crisis of mass incarceration including: "Why Mass Incarceration Matters: Rethinking Crisis, Decline and Transformation in Postwar American History" (Journal of American History, December 2010), "Downsizing the Carceral State: The Policy Implications of Prisoner Guard Unions" (Criminology and Public Policy, August, 2011), "Rethinking Working Class Struggle through the Lens of the Carceral State: Toward a Labor History of Inmates and Guards (Labor: Working Class Studies of the Americas, Fall, 2011), and "Criminalizing Kids: The Overlooked Reason for Failing Schools." (Dissent, October, 2011). She earned a B.A. and M.A. in history from the University of Michigan and a Ph.D. in history from Princeton University.

Dr. Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

MICHAEL TONRY is a professor of law at the University of Minnesota, specializing in criminal law. He teaches courses in criminal law, jurisprudence, and comparative law. In 1990, he was named the Marvin J. Sonosky Chair of Law and Public Policy. From 1999 to 2004 he was also Professor of Law and Public Policy and director of The Institute of Criminology at Cambridge University. Since 2001, he has been a visiting professor at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland. He has also been a senior fellow of The Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement, Leiden, since 2003. He was, from 2000 to 2010, editor of Criminology in Europe and edits Crime and Justice - A Review of Research, the Oxford University Press series Studies in Crime and Public Policy, the Oxford University Press series Oxford Handbooks on Criminology and Criminal Justice, and the Oxford University Press series Studies in Penal Theory and Philosophy (with Antony Duff). He received his A.B. from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and his LL.B. from Yale, and his Ph.D. (h.c.) is from the Free University Amsterdam.

Dr. Avelardo Valdez
University of Southern California

AVELARDO VALDEZ is a professor of the School of Social Work at the University of Southern California. A primary focus of his research is on the relationship between substance abuse and violence and health issues among high-risk groups. His research projects have been among “hidden populations” such as youth and prison gang members, injecting and non-injecting heroin users, and sex workers on the U.S./Mexico border. He is a recipient of federal grants from the National Institutes of Health and National Institute on Drug Abuse. He has published over 75 journal articles and chapters and academic publications including two books. His most recent book is entitled Mexican American Girls and Gang Violence: Beyond Risk (2007). He obtained his Ph.D. in sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Dr. Bruce Western
Harvard University

BRUCE WESTERN is professor of sociology and director of the Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. Recent work has focused on the link between social inequality and the growth of prison and jail population in the United States. He finds that the penal system has become a common presence in the lives of poor Americans, with lasting effects on their life chances. As a quantitative social scientist, he has also contributed to the use of Bayesian statistics in sociology. His first book Between Class and Market: Postwar Unionization in the Capitalist Democracies (Princeton University Press, 1997) examined the growth and decline of trade unions in capitalist democracies. In this volume, he argues that unions declined in countries without centralized labor markets, union control over the administration of unemployment policies, and strong working class parties. In his second book Punishment and Inequality in America (Russell Sage Foundation, 2006), he asks what role incarceration plays in the increasing economic and racial inequality in America. The book studies the social and economic effects of mass incarceration: serving time in prison reduces earnings, skews statistics on wages and employment, and destabilizes families. He received his B.A. in government from the University of Queensland, Australia, and his M.A. and Ph.D. in sociology from the University of California, Los Angeles.

Committee Membership Roster Comments
On June 6, 2012, Dr. Josiah D. Rich was added to the committee to add expertise in the area of health effects of incarceration.