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Committee Membership Information




Project Title: Advice to the US Global Change Research Program

PIN: DELS-BASC-11-01        

Major Unit:
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division on Earth and Life Studies

Sub Unit: Board on Atmospheric Sciences & Climate

RSO:

Purcell, Amanda

Subject/Focus Area:  Behavioral and Social Sciences; Earth Sciences; Environment and Environmental Studies


Committee Membership
Date Posted:   10/06/2017


Dr. Anthony C. Janetos - (Chair)
Dr. Anthony Janetos is the director of the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a joint venture between the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the University of Maryland. Prior to this position, he served as vice president of the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment. Dr. Janetos also directed the center's Global Change program. Before coming to The Heinz Center, he served as vice president for science and research at the World Resources Institute and senior scientist for the Land-Cover and Land-Use Change Program in NASA's Office of Earth Science. He was also program scientist for NASA's Landsat 7 mission. He has had many years of experience in managing scientific research programs on a variety of ecological and environmental topics, including air pollution effects on forests, climate change impacts, land-use change, ecosystem modeling, and the global carbon cycle. He was a co-chair of the U.S. National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, and an author of the IPCC Special Report on Land-Use Change and Forestry, the Fourth Assessment Report of IPCC, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, and the Global Biodiversity Assessment. Dr. Janetos recently served on the NRC Committee for the Decadal Survey for Earth Sciences and Applications from Space, and has been a member of several other NRC Committees, including the NRC Committee for Review of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan, the Committee on Review of Scientific Research Programs at the Smithsonian Institution (2002), and the Committee on Ecological Indicators for the Nation.

Dr. Kristie Lee Ebi - (Vice Chair)
Kristie L. Ebi is a Professor in the Department of Global Health and in the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington; a Guest Professor at Umea University, Sweden; and Consulting Professor at Stanford University and George Washington University. She conducts research on the impacts of and adaptation to climate change, including on extreme events, thermal stress, foodborne safety and security, waterborne diseases, and vectorborne diseases. Her work focuses on understanding sources of vulnerability and designing adaptation policies and measures to reduce the risks of climate change in a multi-stressor environment. She has worked on assessing vulnerability and implementing adaptation measures in Central America, Europe, Africa, Asia, the Pacific, and the US. She is co-chair with Tom Kram (PBL, The Netherlands) of the International Committee On New Integrated Climate change assessment Scenarios (ICONICS), facilitating development of new climate change scenarios. She was Executive Director of the IPCC Working Group II Technical Support Unit from 2009 -2012. She was a coordinating lead author or lead author for the human health assessment for two US national assessments, the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, and the International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development. Dr. Ebi's scientific training includes an M.S. in toxicology and a Ph.D. and a Masters of Public Health in epidemiology, and postgraduate research at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She edited fours books on aspects of climate change and published more than 150 papers.

Ms. Arrietta Chakos
Ms. Arrietta Chakos is a public policy advisor on urban resilience. She works on community resilience strategies and multi-sectoral engagement. Her work with San Francisco, Palo Alto, and regional institutions, such as the Association of Bay Area Governments, focuses on disaster readiness and community resilience. She is a member of the Resilience Roundtable at the National Academy of Sciences and chairs the Housner Fellow committee at the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. Ms. Chakos served as research director of the Harvard Kennedy School's Acting in Time Advance Recovery Project. She was assistant city manager in Berkeley, California, directing innovative risk mitigation initiatives, intergovernmental coordination, and multi-institutional negotiations. Specialties: Urban resilience strategies, public policy development, climate change adaptation, disaster risk assessment and loss estimates, mitigation and risk financing, strategic fiscal planning, multi-party negotiations, and municipal government operations.

Dr. Peter Daszak
Dr. Peter Daszak, President of EcoHealth Alliance, is a leader in the field of conservation medicine and a respected disease ecologist. EcoHealth Alliance is a global organization dedicated to innovative conservation science linking ecology and the health of humans and wildlife. EcoHealth Alliance's mission is to provide scientists and educators with support for grassroots conservation efforts in 20 high-biodiversity countries in North America, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Nine years ago Dr. Daszak became the Executive Director of EcoHealth Alliance's Consortium for Conservation Medicine (CCM) - a collaborative think-tank of institutions including Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, The University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, The University of Wisconsin-Madison Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine Center for Conservation Medicine, and the USGS National Wildlife Health Center. The CCM is the first formal inter-institutional partnership to link conservation and disease ecology. Dr. Daszak's research has been instrumental in revealing and predicting the impacts of emerging diseases on wildlife, livestock, and human populations. He is originally from Britain, where he earned a B.Sc. in zoology and a Ph.D. in parasitology.

Dr. Thomas Dietz
Thomas Dietz is a Professor of Sociology and Crop and Soil Sciences and Director of the Environmental Science and Policy Program at Michigan State University. He holds a Ph.D. in Ecology from the University of California at Davis. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and has been awarded the Sustainability Science Award of the Ecological Society of America, the Distinguished Contribution Award of the American Sociological Association Section on Environment, Technology and Society, and the Outstanding Publication Award, also from the American Sociological Association Section on Environment, Technology and Society. He chaired the NRC Committee on Human Dimensions of Global Change, the panel on Public Participation in Environmental Assessment and Decision Making and served as Vice-Chair of the NRC Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change (America's Climate Choices). His current research examines the human driving forces of environmental change, environmental values and the interplay between science and democracy in environmental issues.

Dr. Philip B. Duffy
Philip B. Duffy is a physicist who has devoted his career to the use of science in addressing climate change. Prior to joining WHRC, Dr. Duffy served as a Senior Advisor in the White House National Science and Technology Council, and as a Senior Policy Analyst in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. In these roles he was involved in international climate negotiations, domestic and international climate policy, and coordination of US global change research. Before joining the White House, Dr. Duffy was Chief Scientist for Climate Central, an organization dedicated to increasing public understanding and awareness of climate change. Dr. Duffy has held senior research positions with the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and visiting positions at the Carnegie Institution for Science and the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University. He has a bachelor’s degree from Harvard and a Ph.D. in applied physics from Stanford.

Dr. Baruch Fischhoff
Baruch Fischhoff (IOM) is Howard Heinz University Professor, Department of Engineering and Public Policy and the Institute for Politics and Strategy, Carnegie Mellon University. A graduate of the Detroit Public Schools, he holds a BS (mathematics, psychology) from Wayne State University and a PhD (psychology) from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is a member of the National Academy of
Sciences and the National Academy of Medicine. He is past President of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making and of the Society for Risk Analysis. He has chaired the Food and Drug Administration Risk Communication Advisory Committee and been a member of the Eugene (Oregon) Commission on the Rights of Women, the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee and the
Environmental Protection Agency Scientific Advisory Board, where he chaired the Homeland Security Advisory Committee. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association, the Association for Psychological Science, the Society of Experimental Psychologists, and the Society for Risk Analysis. His books include Acceptable Risk, Risk: A Very Short Introduction, Judgment and Decision Making, A Two-State Solution in the Middle East, Counting Civilian Casualties, and Communicating Risks and Benefits. He has co-chaired three National Academy Colloquia on the Science of Science Communication.

Mr. Paul Fleming
Paul Fleming directs the Climate Resiliency Group for Seattle Public Utilities (SPU), where he is responsible for leading climate research and assessment initiatives, mainstreaming adaptation and mitigation strategies and developing collaborative partnerships. Paul contributed to the 2014 U.S. National Climate Assessment, serving as a Convening Lead Author of the Water Resources chapter and the Sustained Assessment Special Report and a Lead Author of the Adaptation chapter. He is a Past Chair of the Water Utility Climate Alliance (WUCA) and currently chairs the Project Advisory Board for an E.U.-funded research project focused on climate change and water management. Paul has a BA in Economics from Duke University and a MBA from the University of Washington.

Ms. Sherri W. Goodman
Sherri Goodman is an executive, lawyer, former defense official and Senate Armed Services Committee staff professional. She is currently a Senior Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and at CNA. Most recently, she served as the President and CEO of the Consortium for Ocean Leadership, which manages federally funded science and technology programs and whose members are the nation’s leading ocean science research institutions. Goodman previously served as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary of CNA, a research organization for national security leaders and public sector organizations. She is the founder and Executive Director of the CNA Military Advisory Board, whose landmark reports include National Security and the Threat of Climate Change (2007), Powering America’s Economy: Energy Innovation at the Crossroads of National Security Challenges (2010), National Security and the Accelerating Risks of Climate Change (2014),and Advanced Energy and US National Security (2017) among others. Goodman served as the first Deputy Undersecretary of Defense (Environmental Security), responsible for global environmental, energy efficiency, safety and occupational health programs and policies of the Department of Defense. She served on the staff of the Senate Armed Services Committee, where she was responsible for oversight of the Department of Energy’s nuclear weapons complex, including the national laboratories and the defense environmental management program. Goodman is a member of the Secretary of State’s International Security Advisory Board, for which she co-chaired a report on Arctic Security. She serves on the boards of the Atlantic Council, the Adrienne Arsht Resilience Center, the Center for Climate and Security, the Joint Ocean Leadership Initiative, the Marshall Legacy Institute, the University Cooperation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), and the US Water Partnership. She is a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and a member of the CFR Arctic Task Force. She has served as a Trustee of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and on the Committee on Conscience of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. Sherri is a graduate of Amherst College; she holds degrees from Harvard Law School and Harvard's Kennedy School of Government.

Dr. Nancy B. Grimm
Dr. Nancy B. Grimm studies the interaction of climate variation and change, human activities, and ecosystems. Her long-term research focuses on how disturbances (such as flooding or drying) affect the structure and processes of desert streams, how chemical elements move through and cycle within both desert streams and cities, and how storm water infrastructure affects water and material movement across an urban landscape. Grimm is the director of the Central Arizona-Phoenix LTER program -- an interdisciplinary study by ecologists, engineers, physical and social scientists. She was President and is a fellow of the Ecological Society of America (ESA), is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and lead author for the National Climate Assessment.

Dr. Henry D. Jacoby
Dr. Henry D. Jacoby is Professor of Management in the M.I.T. Sloan School of Management and former Co-Director of the M.I.T. Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, which is focused on the integration of the natural and social sciences and policy analysis in application to the threat of global climate change. He oversees the design and application of the social science component of the Joint Program's Integrated Global System Model -- a comprehensive research tool for analyzing potential anthropogenic climate change and its social and environmental consequences -- and he is a leader of M.I.T. research and analysis of national climate policies and the structure of the international climate regime. An undergraduate mechanical engineer at the University of Texas at Austin, Professor Jacoby holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University where he also served on the faculties of the Department of Economics and the Kennedy School of Government. He has been Director of the Harvard Environmental Systems Program, Director of the MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, Associate Director of the MIT Energy Laboratory, and Chair of the MIT Faculty. He has made extensive contributions to the study of economics, policy and management in the areas of energy, natural resources and environment, writing widely on these topics including seven books. He currently serves on the Scientific Committee of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program.

Dr. Linda O. Mearns
Linda Mearns is the Director of the Weather and Climate Impacts Assessment Science Program (WCIASP) and Head of the Regional Integrated Sciences Collective (RISC) within the Institute for Mathematics Applied to Geosciences (IMAGe), and Senior Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado. She has served as Director of the Institute for the Study of Society and Environment (ISSE) for three years ending in April 2008. She holds a Ph.D. in Geography/Climatology from UCLA. She has performed research and published mainly in the areas of climate change scenario formation, quantifying uncertainties, and climate change impacts on agro-ecosystems. She has particularly worked extensively with regional climate models. She has been an author in the IPCC Climate Change 1995, 2001, and 2007 Assessments regarding climate variability, impacts of climate change on agriculture, regional projections of climate change, climate scenarios, and uncertainty in future projections of climate change. For the Fifth Assessment Report she was a lead author of Chapter 21 on Regions in WG2. She leads the multi-agency supported North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP), which is providing multiple high-resolution climate change scenarios for the North American impacts community. She has been a member of the National Research Council Climate Research Committee (CRC), the NAS Panel on Adaptation of the America’s Climate Choices Program, and the NAS Human Dimensions of Global Change (HDGC) Committee. She has worked extensively with resource managers (e.g., water resource managers and ecologists) to form climate change scenarios for use in adaptation planning.

Dr. Jerry M. Melillo
Jerry M. Melillo (NAS) is a Distinguished Scientist at the Marine Biological Laboratory whose work focuses on understanding the impacts of human activities on the biogeochemistry of ecological systems using a combination of field studies and simulation modeling. His field studies include soil warming experiments at the Harvard Forest in central Massachusetts. Dr. Melillo and his team have developed and used a simulation model called the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM) to consider the impacts of various aspects of global change on the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems across the globe. TEM is part of the Integrated Global Systems Model, an integrated assessment model, based at MIT.

Dr. Richard H. Moss
Dr. Richard H. Moss is senior research scientist with the Joint Global Change Research Institute at the University of Maryland, visiting senior research scientist at the Earth Systems Science Interdisciplinary Center, and senior fellow with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). He has served as director of the Office of the US Global Change Research Program/Climate Change Science Program (2000-06), vice president and managing director for Climate Change at WWF (2007-09), and senior director of the U.N. Foundation Energy and Climate Program (2006-2007). He also directed the Technical Support Unit of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) impacts, adaptation, and mitigation working group (1993-1999) and served on the faculty of Princeton University (1989-91). He was a coordinating lead author of Confronting Climate Change and Realizing the Potential of Energy Efficiency, led preparation of the U.S. government's 10-year climate change research plan, and has been a lead author and editor of a number of IPCC Assessments, Special Reports, and Technical Papers. Moss remains active in the IPCC and currently co-chairs the IPCC Task Group on Data and Scenario Support for Impact and Climate Analysis. He serves on the U.S. National Academy of Sciences' standing committee on the "human dimensions" of global environmental change and the editorial board of Climatic Change. He was named a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in 2006, a Distinguished Associate of the U.S. Department of Energy in 2004, and a fellow of the Aldo Leopold Leadership Program in 2001. He received an M.P.A. and Ph.D. from Princeton University (Public and International Affairs) and his B.A. from Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota. Moss' research interests include development and use of scenarios, characterization and communication of uncertainty, and quantitative indicators of adaptive capacity and vulnerability to climate change.

Ms. Margo Oge
Margo Oge served the United States Environmental Protection Agency for more than 30 years from 1980 to September 2012. She is widely recognized as having been a key architect of the EPA's efforts to reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. During her recent 18-year tenure as Director of the Office of Transportation and Air Quality, Ms. Oge led the EPA's first ever national greenhouse gas emission standards for cars and heavy-duty trucks to double fuel efficiency by 2025, reduce GHG emissions by 50% and save consumers $1.7 trillion at the pump. In parallel, she also helped to establish the renewable fuels standard, which will significantly increase the volume of biofuels in our nation's fuel supply. These new rules are viewed as some of the most significant steps forward in improving the sustainability of the U.S. transportation sector. Ms. Oge earned her Master's Degree in Engineering from the University of Massachusetts, Lowell. She also attended George Washington University and the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

Dr. S. George H. Philander
Samuel George Harker Philander is Knox Taylor Professor of Geosciences at Princeton University. Born in Caledon, Republic of South Africa on June 25, 1942, he received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Cape Town in 1962 and his Ph.D. in mathematics from Harvard University in 1970 with a thesis titled “The Equatorial Dynamics of a Homogeneous Ocean.” After completing a year as a fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology he spent six years as a research associate in the Geophysics Fluid Dynamics Program at Princeton University where in 1990 he became a professor in the Department of Geosciences. Philander has been a visiting professor at the Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris, a distinguished visiting scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the California Institute of Technology, a consultant to the World Meteorological Organization in Switzerland, and a trustee of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. At Princeton, Philander became chairman of his department in 1994 and presently serves as director of its Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program. He has been a fellow of the American Meteorological Society, the American Geological Union and, in 2003, he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Among his publications are his books El Niño, La Niña, and the Southern Oscillation (San Diego: Academic Press, 1990); Is the Temperature Rising?: The Uncertain Science of Global Warming (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1998); and Our Affair With El Niño: How We Transformed an Enchanting Peruvian Current into a Global Climate Hazard (N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004).

Dr. Benjamin Preston
Benjamin Preston is a senior policy researcher at the RAND Corporation, and director of RAND's Infrastructure Resilience and Environmental Policy Program. Prior to joining RAND, he served as the Deputy Director of the Climate Change Science Institute at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. While working at ORNL, he engaged in research on vulnerability and resilience of U.S. energy systems to climate variability and change as well as opportunities and constraints associated with climate risk management. In addition, he contributed to national and international scientific assessments including the National Climate Assessment and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Fifth Assessment Report. Previously, he served as a research scientist in Australia with the CSIRO's Division of Marine and Atmospheric Research and as a Senior Research Fellow at the Pew Center on Global Change. He received a B.S. in biology from the College of William and Mary and a Ph.D. in environmental biology from the Georgia Institute of Technology, where he also minored in public policy.

Dr. Paul A. Sandifer
Paul Sandifer is currently the Director of the Center for Coastal Environmental and Human Health at the College of Charleston. He is also the former Senior Science Advisor to the NOAA Administrator where he provided input regarding the overall NOAA science enterprise, the President's Ocean Policy Task Force, NOAA's coastal and marine spatial planning efforts, and development of science policy related to coastal management, aquaculture, oceans and human health, and other areas. Previously, he served as Senior Scientist for Coastal Ecology for NOAA's National Ocean Service. Dr. Sandifer serves on the US National Committee for the Census of Marine Life, the Working Group of the Ocean Policy Task Force, the National Academies’ Roundtable on Environmental Health Science, Research, and Medicine, and several advisory boards and is Co-Chair of the Interagency Working Group on Harmful Algal Blooms, Hypoxia, and Human Health. He was a member of the US Commission on Ocean Policy and served on numerous other boards and committees. He is an Honorary Life Member of the World Aquaculture Society and Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Previously, Dr. Sandifer had a 31-year career with the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, including service as scientist, marine division director, founder and director of the Waddell Mariculture Center, and agency director.

Dr. Henry G. Schwartz, Jr.
Henry G. Schwartz, Jr. retired from the post of senior professor and director of the engineering management program at Washington University in St. Louis. Schwartz is a nationally recognized civil and environmental engineering leader who spent most of his career with Sverdrup Civil Inc. (now Jacobs Civil Inc.), which he joined in 1966. In 1993, Schwartz was named president and chairman, directing the transportation, public works, and environmental activities of Sverdrup/Jacobs Civil Inc. before he retired in 2003. He has served on the advisory boards for Carnegie Mellon University, Washington University in St. Louis, and the University of Texas at Austin, and has served as president of the Academy of Science of St. Louis. He is founding chairman of the Water Environment Research Foundation and served as president of the Water Environment Federation. Schwartz is past president of the American Society of Civil Engineers and was a member of the Civil Engineering Research Foundation Board of Directors. Elected to the NAE in 1997, he has served on a number of NRC study committees, including the TRB Committee for a Future Strategic Highway Research Program, and on the NRC Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment. He chaired the policy study committee that produced the report, Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation. He currently serves as vice chair of TRB’s Subcommittee for NRC Oversight. Schwartz earned a Ph.D. degree from the California Institute of Technology and Master of Science and Bachelor of Science degrees from Washington University. He is a registered professional engineer.

Dr. Kathleen Segerson
Dr. Kathleen Segerson is a Professor of Economics at the University of Connecticut. She was the Head of the Department of Economics from 2001-2005. Dr. Segerson specializes in natural resource economics, and in particular, the economics of environmental regulation. She is currently a member of both the Chartered Executive Board of the Environmental Protection Agency's Science Advisory Board, and the Vice Chair of the Advisory Board's Committee on Valuing the Protection of Ecological Services and Systems. She was a member of the U.S. General Accounting Office's Expert Panel on Climate Change Economics from 2007–2008 and frequently serves on external review committees for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. She has also served on three National Research Council study committees: the Committee on Assessing and Valuing the Services of Aquatic and Related Terrestrial Ecosystems (2002-2004), the Committee on the Causes and Management of Coastal Eutrophication (1998-2000), and the Committee on Improving Principles and Guidelines for Waste Resources Planning by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (2008- present). In 2008, she was named a Fellow by both the American Agricultural Economics Association and the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists. Dr. Segerson earned a PhD from Cornell University in 1984.

Dr. Brian L. Zuckerman
Brian L. Zuckerman is a Research Staff Member at the IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute (STPI). Dr. Zuckerman's areas of emphasis at STPI are in the areas of program evaluation and scientometrics, where his work focuses on federal research and development program performance and agency-wide research portfolios. Dr. Zuckerman has also analyzed federal research and development data systems and statistical data collection programs. Before joining STPI, he was a principal at C-STPS, LLC, and at the Center for Science and Technology Policy of Abt Associates, Inc. He is a co-chair of the Research, Technology, and Development Topical Interest Group of the American Evaluation Association. Dr. Zuckerman holds a BA in chemistry from Harvard College and a PhD in Technology, Management, and Policy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Statement of Committee Composition
The Committee to Advise the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP or Program) is broadly constituted to bring expertise in all the areas addressed by the USGCRP. The Committee is comprised of volunteers with experience and expertise spanning climate variability and change, human contributions and responses to global change, and decision support, as well as many other related physical and social science areas to support their full scope of work. Important areas of expertise include: climate variability and change; human contributions and responses to global change; adaptation and mitigation approaches and technologies; observations, monitoring, and data management. ecosystem impacts and interactions; water cycle; carbon cycle; atmospheric composition; climate modeling; land use and land cover change; decision support tools. Experience will be included in science planning and program management.