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Committee Membership Information

Project Title: Ethical and Societal Implications of Advances in Militarily Significant Technologies that are Rapidly Changing and Increasingly Globally Accessible

PIN: DEPS-CSTB-10-04        

Major Unit:
Division on Earth and Life Studies
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
National Academy of Engineering
Policy and Global Affairs

Sub Unit: Board on Life Sciences
Committee on Science, Technology and Law
DEPS Computer Science & Telecommuncations Board
NAE Office of Programs


Lin, Herb

Subject/Focus Area:  Behavioral and Social Sciences; Biology and Life Sciences; Computers and Information Technology; Engineering and Technology; Health and Medicine; International Issues; National Security and Defense; Policy for Science and Technology

Committee Membership
Date Posted:   08/03/2011

Dr. William F. Ballhaus, Jr. - (Co-Chair)
The Aerospace Corporation [Retired]

William F. Ballhaus, Jr., NAE, is the retired president and chief executive officer of the Aerospace Corporation, an independent, nonprofit organization dedicated to the objective application of science and technology toward the solution of critical issues in the nation’s space program. Dr. Ballhaus joined Aerospace as president in 2000 after an 11-year career with Lockheed Martin Corporation. At Lockheed Martin Dr. Ballhaus served as corporate officer and vice president, engineering and technology, where he was responsible for advancing the company’s scientific and engineering capabilities and for overseeing research and engineering functions. Prior to his tenure with Lockheed Martin, Dr. Ballhaus served as president of two Martin Marietta businesses, Aero and Naval Systems (1993-1994), and Civil Space and Communications (1990-1993). Before joining Martin Marietta, Dr. Ballhaus served as director of the NASA Ames Research Center and Edwards Air Force Base, California (1984-1989). He also served as acting associate administrator for aeronautics and space technology at NASA Headquarters (1988-1989). He serves on the boards of Draper Laboratory and OSI Systems. He is a member of the NAE and completed two 3-year terms as a member of the Council in 2007. Currently, Dr. Ballhaus serves as chairman of the board of the Space Foundation. He is an honorary fellow of the AIAA and served as it’s president in 1988-1989. He is a fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society and the American Astronautical Society, and is a member of the International Academy of Astronautics. He serves on the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Advisory Council, and he served on the Defense Science Board, the NOAA Science Advisory Board, and the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (co-chair, 1996-1999). He is a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley, where he earned a Ph.D. in engineering and his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in mechanical engineering.

Dr. Jean-Lou A. Chameau - (Co-Chair)
California Institute of Technology

As eighth president of the California Institute of Technology, Jean-Lou Chameau leads one of the world’s preeminent centers of instruction and research in engineering and science. With a select student body of 900 undergraduates and 1,300 graduate students, Caltech is recognized for its outstanding faculty, including several Nobel laureates, and such renowned off-campus facilities as the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the W. M. Keck Observatory, and the Palomar Observatory. He is committed to fostering the Institute’s values and its tradition of excellence in science and technology, as well as promoting a multidisciplinary approach to research and education. He encourages the development of programs in such areas as energy, medical science, and the environment, which can provide the dramatic scientific advances and new technologies that society is seeking. He also places great emphasis on improving the students’ educational experience, increasing the diversity of the Institute community, and advancing entrepreneurial and international opportunities for faculty and students. He is a strong proponent of the Institute’s efforts to take a leadership role in sustainability. To ensure that the Institute remains a place where a few extraordinary people do extraordinary things, Chameau is also committed to diversifying Caltech’s resources and growing its endowment, and to making the Institute as effective in administration as it is innovative in science. Before he assumed the presidency on September 1, 2006, Chameau had a distinguished career as a professor of civil engineering and a university administrator. While he is a native of France, he received his graduate education in civil engineering at Stanford University. In 1980 he joined the civil engineering faculty at Purdue University, where he subsequently became full professor and head of the geotechnical engineering program. Moving to Georgia Tech in 1991, he was named director of the school of civil and environmental engineering. He was the president of Golder Associates, Inc., an international geotechnical consulting company, from 1994 to 1995, after which he returned to Georgia Tech as Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar and vice-provost for research. He was named dean of its college of engineering, the largest in the country, in 1997, becoming provost of the university in 2001. Chameau currently serves on the boards of directors for MTS Systems Corporation, Internet2, the Academic Research Council of Singapore, the Council on Competitiveness, the Los Angeles World Affairs Council and l’Ecole Polytechnique. He is also serving on the Advisory Committee of InterWest Partners. His technical interests include sustainable technology; environmental geotechnology; fuzzy sets; soil dynamics; earthquake engineering; risk analysis and liquefaction of soils. He was the recipient of a National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator Award, the ASCE A. Casagrande Award, the Rodney Chipp Memorial Award from the Society of Women Engineers, and the Prix Nessim Habif from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Arts et Métiers. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2009.

Dr. Marcus W. Feldman
Stanford University

Marcus Feldman is currently a Professor of Biology in the Department of Biological Sciences at Stanford University. . With L.L. Cavalli-Sforza in 1973, he originated the quantitative theory of cultural evolution, initiating a research program in cultural transmission and gene-culture coevolution. The efforts started the subdiscipline of cultural anthropology, also known as coevolution, gene-culture evolution, cultural transmission theory, and dual inheritance theory. The landmark work that ensued used models from population genetics to investigate the spread of culturally transmitted units. When Cultural Transmission and Evolution: A Quantitative Approach was published in 1981, it inspired new research into the correlation of patterns of genetic and cultural dispersion. His own research into human molecular evolution for the Morrison Institute for Population and Resource Studies has investigated issues concerning the history of today’s modern humans. Feldman is now working on three books—on gene-culture coevolutionary theory, niche construction in evolutionary biology, and the sex-ratio issue in China—and also serves as academic director of Bridging the Rift, a project to develop collaborations between Israeli and Jordanian scientists. In addition to his teaching, research, writing, and directing, he is managing editor of Theoretical Population Biology and associate editor of Genetics, Human Genetics, Annals of Human Genetics, Annals of Human Biology, and Complexity. He is a former editor of The American Naturalist. Feldman is a member of the American Society of Human Genetics and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and of the California Academy of Sciences. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem has awarded him an honorary doctorate of philosophy and Beijing Normal University and Xi’an Jiaotong University have each appointed him honorary professor. From there, he ventured to the United States to get his doctorate in mathematical biology at Stanford University, after which he returned to Australia where he had accepted a teaching position at La Trobe University in Melbourne. He earned his Bachelor of Science degree in 1964 at the University of Western Australia, then just two years later, his master of science in mathematics from Monash University in Australia. He earned his Ph.D. in Biomathematics from Stanford University in 1969.

Mr. Bran Ferren
Applied Minds, LLC.

Bran Ferren is the co-founder and Chief Creative Officer of Applied Minds and is an American designer of movie and theater special effects. Bran Ferren is the former president of research and development of Walt Disney Imagineering, as well as the co-founder of Associates and Ferren, a visual effects company who supplied visual effects for Star Trek V, Altered States, Little Shop of Horrors, and The Manhattan Project. Bran Ferren is also a member of a number of government advisory panels relating to national security and technology.

Dr. Baruch Fischhoff
Carnegie Mellon University

Baruch Fischhoff is Howard Heinz University Professor, in the Departments of Social and Decision Sciences and of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University, where he heads the Decision Sciences major. A graduate of the Detroit Public Schools, he holds a BS in mathematics and psychology from Wayne State University and an MA and PhD in psychology from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Sciences. He chairs the Food and Drug Administration Risk Communication Advisory Committee and the National Research Council Committee on Behavioral and Social Science Research to Improve Intelligence Analysis for National Security. He is past President of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making and of the Society for Risk Analysis. He was a member of the Eugene, Oregon Commission on the Rights of Women, the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee, and the Environmental Protection Agency Scientific Advisory Board, where he chaired the Homeland Security Advisory Committee. He has co-authored or edited seven books, Acceptable Risk (1981), A Two-State Solution in the Middle East: Prospects and Possibilities (1993), Preference Elicitation (1999), Risk Communication: The Mental Models Approach (2001), Intelligence Analysis: Behavioral and Social Science Foundations (2011), Risk: A Very Short Introduction (2011), and Communicating Risks and Benefits: An Evidence-Based User’s Guide (in press).

Dr. Michael S. Gazzaniga
University of California, Santa Barbara

Michael Gazzaniga is the Director for the SAGE Center for the Study of Mind at the University of California Santa Barbara. He oversees an extensive and broad research program investigating how the brain enables the mind. Over the course of several decades, a major focus of his research has been an extensive study of patients that have undergone split-brain surgery that have revealed lateralization of functions across the cerebral hemispheres. In addition to his position in Santa Barbara, Professor Gazzaniga is also the Co-Director of the Summer Institute in Cognitive Neuroscience, President of the Cognitive Neuroscience Institute, and is the founding Director of the MacArthur Law and Neuroscience Project. After completing his undergraduate degree at Dartmouth College, Michael Gazzaniga earned a Ph.D. in psychobiology at the California Institute of Technology.

Mr. Henry T. Greely
Stanford University

Hank Greely is a Professor of Law and Co director of the Program in Genomics, Ethics, and Society at Stanford University. A leading expert on the legal, ethical, and social issues surrounding health law and the biosciences, Hank Greely specializes in the implications of new biomedical technologies, especially those related to neuroscience, genetics, and stem cell research. He frequently serves as an advisor on California, national, and international policy issues. He is chair of California’s Human Stem Cell Research Advisory Committee and served from 2007-2010 as co-director of the Law and Neuroscience Project, funded by the MacArthur Foundation. Active in university leadership, Professor Greely chairs the steering committee for the Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics and directs both the law school’s Center for Law and the Biosciences and the Stanford Interdisciplinary Group on Neuroscience and Society. Professor Greely serves on the Scientific Leadership Council for the university’s interdisciplinary Bio-X Program. Before joining the Stanford Law School faculty in 1985, Greely was a partner at Tuttle & Taylor, served as a staff assistant to the secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy, and as special assistant to the general counsel of the U.S. Department of Defense. He served as a law clerk to Justice Potter Stewart of the U.S. Supreme Court and to Judge John Minor Wisdom of the Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. He received his J.D. from Yale Law School.

Dr. Michael J. Imperiale
University of Michigan Medical School

Dr. Michael Imperiale is a Professor in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Michigan Medical School. He joined the department in 1984 as the Arthur F. Thurnau Assistant Professor of Microbiology and Immunology and was subsequently promoted to Associate Professor in 1990 and Professor in 1996. He is currently the Arthur F. Thurnau Professor and Associate Chair of Microbiology and Immunology. In 2010 Dr. Imperiale was elected as a Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology. Before joining the University of Michigan, Dr. Imperiale carried out research training as a postdoctoral fellow at The Rockefeller University, where he first became interested in DNA tumor viruses, studying gene regulation in the human pathogen, adenovirus. Currently, Dr. Imperiale’s research interests focus on the study of how DNA tumor viruses interact with the host cell including how they traffic within the cell, and how they persist. Dr. Imperiale is a member of the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity,a position he has held since 2005. He received his undergraduate and graduate training at Columbia University, receiving a B.A. in 1976, M.A. in 1978, and Ph.D. in 1981, all in biological sciences.

MajGen Robert H. Latiff
R. Latiff Associates

Dr. Robert H. Latiff is the Professor and Director of the Intelligence and Security Research Center at George Mason University. He retired from the Air Force as a Major General in 2006. He is also a private consultant. Most recently, Dr. Latiff was Vice President and Chief Technology Officer in the Space and Geospatial Intelligence Business of Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). He is Chairman of the National Materials Advisory Board of the National Academies and serves on the Intelligence Committee of the Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association (AFCEA). General Latiff’s last active duty assignment was at the National Reconnaissance Office where he was Deputy Director for Systems Engineering. Prior to that, General Latiff was Director, Advanced Systems and Technology at the NRO. He has served as Vice Commander, Electronic Systems Center, Hanscom Air force Base, MA and in a previous assignment at Hanscom AFB he was the program director for the E-8C, Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS). General Latiff also commanded the US Space Command, North American Aerospace Defense Command, Joint Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center in Colorado Springs, Colorado, where he was responsible for the national integrated attack assessment mission. General Latiff received his commission from the Army Reserve Officer Training Corps program at the University of Notre Dame. He entered active service in the Army and later transferred to the Air Force. General Latiff has served on the staffs of Headquarters U.S. Air Force and the Secretary of the Air Force. He received his Ph.D. and his M.S. in materials science from the University of Notre Dame and his B.S. in Physics from the University of Notre Dame.

Dr. James Moor
Dartmouth College

James Moor is the Daniel P. Stone Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy at Dartmouth. He does research in computer ethics, philosophy of artificial intelligence, philosophy of the mind, philosophy of science, and logic. He is the editor of the book The Turing Test: The Elusive Standard of Artificial Intelligence (Kluwer,2004) and for many years was the editor-in-chief of the philosophical journal Minds and Machines. He has served as the President of the International Society for Ethics and Information Technology (INSEIT). In 2003 he received the American Computing Machinery SIGCAS Making a Difference Award, and in 2006 he received American Philosophical Association Barwise Prize for lifetime achievement in philosophy and computing.

Dr. Jonathan D. Moreno
University of Pennsylvania Health System

Jonathan D. Moreno is one of twelve Penn Integrates Knowledge university professors. He is also Professor of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, of History and Sociology of Science, and of Philosophy. In 2008-09 he served as a member of President Barack Obama’s transition team. Moreno is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine/National Academy of Sciences and is a National Associate of the National Research Council. He has served as a senior staff member for three presidential advisory commissions, including the current bioethics commission under President Obama, and has given invited testimony for both houses of congress. He was an Andrew W. Mellon post doctoral fellow, holds an honorary doctorate from Hofstra University, and is a recipient of the Benjamin Rush Medal from the College of William and Mary Law School. Moreno is a Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress in Washington, DC, where he edits the magazine Science Progress ( Moreno has served as adviser to many non-governmental organizations, including the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. He is a member of the Governing Board of the International Neuroethics Society, a Faculty Affiliate of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University, a Fellow of the Hastings Center and the New York Academy of Medicine, and a past president of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. He advises various science, health, and national security agencies and serves as a member of the Defense Intelligence Agency’s TIGER committee on potentially disruptive novel technologies. Kirkus Reviews said that Moreno’s new book, The Body Politic: The Battle Over Science in America, “illuminates intricate threads of history and complex philosophical arguments. Patient general readers, as well as scholars and students of bioethics, will benefit from Moreno’s erudition and fairness….” JAMA called Progress in Bioethics (2010) “provocative and stimulating.” Publisher’s Weekly said that Science Next (2009) “brings hope into focus with reports of innovation that will enhance lives.” The journal Nature called Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defense (2006), which will be published in paperback in 2012m“fascinating and sometimes unsettling.” The New York Times review of Undue Risk: Secret State Experiments on Humans (1999) described it as “an earnest and chilling account.” His other books include Ethical Guidelines for Innovative Surgery (2006); Is There an Ethicist in the House? (2005); In the Wake of Terror: Medicine and Morality in a Time of Crisis (2003); Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Research (2003); Deciding Together: Bioethics and Moral Consensus (1995); Ethics in Clinical Practice (2000); and Arguing Euthanasia (1995). Moreno has published about 300 papers, reviews and book chapters, and is a member of several editorial boards.

Dr. Joel Moses
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Joel Moses is Institute Professor as well as a professor of Computer Science and Engineering and Engineering Systems at MIT. Between 1978 and 1998 he has served as MIT’s Provost, Dean of Engineering, Head of the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Associate Head of EECS, and Associate Director of the Laboratory for Computer Science. Dr. Moses served as ESD's Acting Director from December, 2005 through November, 2007. He was Acting Director of the Center for Technology, Policy and Industrial Development from 2006 to 2010. Dr. Moses is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, the Association for Computing Machinery, and of the IEEE. He led the development of the Macsyma system for algebraic formula manipulation and is the co-developer of the Knowledge-Based Systems concept in Artificial Intelligence. His current interests include the complexity and flexibility of engineering systems, algebraic formula manipulation, and knowledge-based systems. He holds a Ph.D. in Mathematics which he received from MIT in 1967.

Dr. Kenneth Oye
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Kenneth A. Oye is the Associate Professor of Political Science and Engineering at MIT. After serving two terms as Director of the MIT Center for International Studies (1992-2000), he is now forming a Political Economy and Technology Policy Program within the Center. He has taught on the faculties of the Kennedy School at Harvard University, the University of California, Princeton University, and Swarthmore College. He has published six books and numerous short studies in international relations, political economy, and science and technology policy. His books include Economic Discrimination and Political Exchange, Cooperation Under Anarchy, and a four volume series on Carter, Reagan and Bush administration foreign policies. His articles examine international export financing issues, regulatory diversity and trade, and a range of science and technology issues. He is now completing books on environmental regulation and trade and on uses of compensation in political economy. He has launched two projects that apply theories of political economy to problems of science and technology policy. With Lawrence McCray, he is studying knowledge assessment in areas marked by controversy over scientific issues. With Alliance for Global Sustainability and Finnish Environmental Institute support, he is examining the effects of environmental, health and safety regulations on the competitive position of firms. Kenneth Oye has served as a consultant to the U.S. Trade Policy Coordinating Committee on export financing issues (2002-2003), as a member of the Advisory Committee to the US Export-Import Bank (1999-2001), as Director of the Seminar XXI Program (1994-2000), as an Editor of the journal World Politics (1983-87), a Trustee of the World Peace Foundation (1997-present), and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He has been a co-PI on a MacArthur Foundation Joint Harvard-MIT Transnational Security Program and on research projects on economic and environmental issues funded by the Alliance for Global Sustainability, the Center for Global Partnership, NEDO, MISTRA, and the Institute for International Economics. He holds a BA in Economics and Political Science with Highest Honors from Swarthmore College and a Ph.D in Political Science with the Chase Dissertation Prize from Harvard University.

Ms. Elizabeth Rindskopf Parker
University of the Pacific

Elizabeth Rindskopf Parker is the Dean and Professor of Law at the University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law. A noted expert on of national security law and terrorism, Dean Parker served 11 years in key federal government positions, most notably as General Counsel for the National Security Agency, Principal Deputy Legal Adviser, Department of State, and General Counsel for the CIA. In private practice, she has advised clients on public policy and international trade issues, particularly in the areas of encryption and advanced technology. She began her career as a Reginald Heber Smith Fellow at Emory University School of Law, and later served as the Director, New Haven Legal Assistance Association, Inc. Early in her career she was active in litigating civil rights and civil liberties matters, with two successful arguments before the U.S. Supreme Court while a cooperating attorney for the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund. Immediately before her arrival at McGeorge, she served as general counsel for the 26-campus University of Wisconsin System. A member of the American Bar Foundation and the Council on Foreign Relations, Dean Parker is a frequent speaker and lecturer and currently serves on the National Academy of Sciences’ Roundtable on Scientific Communication and National Security and the U.S. Public Interest Declassification Board. Her academic background includes teaching as a visitor professor at Case Western Reserve Law School and Cleveland-Marshall State School of Law. Currently, Dean Parker serves on two committees of the National Academy of Sciences, holds a presidential appointment to the Public Interest Declassification Board and is a Board Member of the Sacramento Region Community Foundation. Ms. Parker received her B.A., J.D., from the University of Michigan.

Ms. Sarah Sewall
John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

Sarah Sewall teaches international affairs and directs the Program for Human Rights and National Security at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. She is a member of the U.S. Department of Defense's Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee. Dr. Sewall is also the founder and faculty director of the Mass Atrocity Response Operations (MARO) Project and for three years was faculty director of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy. She led the Obama Transition's National Security Agency Review process in 2008. During the Clinton Administration, Dr. Sewall served as the inaugural Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Peacekeeping and Humanitarian Assistance. From 1983-1996, she was Senior Foreign Policy Advisor to Senate Majority Leader George J. Mitchell, serving on the Democratic Policy Committee and the Senate Arms Control Observer Group. Before joining Harvard, Dr. Sewall was at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences where she edited The United States and the International Criminal Court (2002). Her more recent publications include a comprehensive DOD study on efforts to mitigate civilian casualties; Parameters of Partnership: U.S. Civil-Military Relations in the 21st Century (2009); and the introduction to the U.S. Army and Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Manual (2007). She attended Harvard College and was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University.

Dr. Alfred Z. Spector
Google, Inc.

Alfred Spector is the Vice President of Research and Special Initiatives at Google, Inc. Alfred was recently Vice President of Strategy and Technology and CTO of IBM's Software Business. Prior to that he was Vice President of Services and Software at IBM Research. He was also founder and CEO of Transarc Corporation, a pioneer in distributed transaction processing and wide area file systems, and was an Associate Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University. While at CMU he did fundamental work in a number of areas, including the Andrew File System that changed the face of distributed computing. Alfred received his Ph.D. in Computer Science from Stanford and his A.B. in Applied Mathematics from Harvard. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of the IEEE and ACM, and the recipient of the 2001 IEEE Computer Society's Tsutomu Kanai Award for work in scalable architectures and distributed systems.

Mr. John H. Tilelli, Jr.
Cypress International Inc.

General John Harold Tilelli, Jr. (USA, Ret) is the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Cypress International, Inc. He is a retired United States Army four star general who served as Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1994 to 1995; Commanding General, United States Army Forces Command from 1995 to 1996; and Commander-in-Chief , United Nations Command, Republic of Korea/United States Combined Forces /United States Forces Korea from 1996 to 1999. General Tilelli retired from the army on January 31, 2000. He graduated from Pennsylvania Military College, now Widener University, with a Degree in Economics in 1963 and was commissioned as an Armor Officer. He earned a Master’s Degree in Administration from Lehigh University in 1972 and graduated from the Army War College in 1983. He was awarded honorary doctoral degrees by Widener University and the University of Maryland. General Tilelli served two combat tours in Vietnam, commanded the 1st Cavalry Division during Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm, and served four times in Germany. Upon his retirement from the United States Army Gen Tilelli was appointed President and CEO of the USO Worldwide Operations.

Dr. Stephen J. Ward
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Stephen J. A. Ward is the director at the Center for Journalism Ethics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Previously, he was director of the Graduate School of Journalism at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. He is the author of the award-winning The Invention of Journalism Ethics: The Path to Objectivity and Beyond (2005). In addition, he is the author of Global Journalism Ethics (2010) and co-editor of Media Ethics Beyond Borders: A Global Perspective (2009). Prof. Ward is associate editor of the Journal of Mass Media Ethics. His articles and reviews have appeared in such journals as Journalism Studies, Ecquid Novi: African Journalism Studies; Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics and the Journal of Mass Media Ethics. He serves on many editorial and advisory boards for ethics organizations and for journals on media ethics and science. His research interests include history of journalism ethics, ethical theory, global media ethics and science journalism. Dr. Ward was a reporter, war correspondent, and newsroom manager for 14 years. He covered conflicts in Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Northern Ireland. Prof. Ward then became the British Columbia bureau chief for The Canadian Press news agency in Vancouver. Prof. Ward has a PhD in philosophy from the University of Waterloo, Ontario.