Dr. Gerald R. North - (Chair)
Texas A&M University-College Station
GERALD R. NORTH is Distinguished Professor of Meteorology and Oceanography, head of the Department of Atmospheric Science, and the Harold J. Haynes Endowed Chair in Geosciences at Texas A&M University. Previously Dr. North worked as senior consulting scientist at Applied Research Corporation. His professional interests include climate analysis, climate and hydrological modeling, satellite remote sensing and mission planning, and statistical methods in atmospheric science. Dr. North and his research group are interested in climate change and the determination of its origins. They work with simplified climate models that lend themselves to analytical study, estimation theory as applied to observing systems, and the testing of all climate models through statistical approaches. Dr. North is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the American Meteorological Society, and the American Geophysical Union (AGU). He is editor-in-chief of Reviews of Geophysics. Dr. North received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Wisconsin. He served as a member of the NRC’s Panel on Earth and Atmospheric Sciences of the Policy and Global Affairs Committee on Associateship Programs, as chair of the Committee on Surface Temperature Reconstructions for the Last 2,000 Years, and as a member of the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate.
Dr. Daniel N. Baker
University of Colorado at Boulder
DANIEL N. BAKER (NAE) is director of the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where he also holds appointments as professor of astrophysical and planetary sciences and as a professor of physics. His primary research interest is the study of plasma physical and energetic particle phenomena in planetary magnetospheres and in the Earth's vicinity. He conducts research in space instrument design, space physics data analysis, and magnetospheric modeling. He currently is an investigator on several NASA space missions including the MESSENGER mission to Mercury, the Magnetospheric Multiscale mission, the Radiation Belt Storm Probes mission, and the Canadian ORBITALS mission. Dr. Baker has published more than 700 papers in the refereed literature and has edited six books on topics in space physics. In 2010, Dr. Baker was elected to the NAE for leadership in studies, measurements, and predictive tools for the Earth's radiation environment and its impact on U.S. security. He is a fellow of the AGU, the International Academy of Astronautics, and the AAAS. Among his other awards are the 2007 University of Colorado’s Robert L. Stearns Award for outstanding research, service, and teaching; the 2010 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics’ James A. Van Allen Space Environments Award for excellence and leadership in space research; and selection in 2004 as a National Associate of the NAS. Dr. Baker served as president of the Space Physics and Aeronomy section of the AGU, and he presently serves on advisory panels of the U.S. Air Force and the National Science Foundation (NSF). He currently serves as chair of the NRC Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics). He served as chair of the NRC Committee on Solar and Space Physics and as co-chair of the NRC Committee on Assessment of Interagency Cooperation on Space and Earth Science Missions. He was also a member of the Space Studies Board. He earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Iowa.
Dr. Raymond S. Bradley
University of Massachusetts at Amherst
RAYMOND S. BRADLEY is a University Distinguished Professor of Geosciences and director of the Climate Systems Research Center at the University of Massachusetts. Dr. Bradley’s research interests are in climatology and paleoclimatology, with a particular focus on the post-glacial period (the past 12,000 years). Dr. Bradley has written or edited 12 books on these subjects, including Paleoclimatology: Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary and Climate Change and Society (with N.E. Law). He has been an advisor to various government and international agencies, including those in the United States, Switzerland, Sweden, and the U.K.; in particular for NSF, NOAA, IPCC, and the U.S.-Russia Working Group on Environmental Protection, and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program, Stockholm, Sweden. He is a fellow of the AGU, the Arctic Institute of North America, and the AAAS. He received an honorary doctorate from Lancaster University, England, for his contributions to paleoclimatology. He was also awarded the Oeschger Medal of the European Geosciences Union. Dr. Bradley earned his Ph.D. at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He has previously served on the NRC’s Panel on Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales, the Grasslands Study Panel, and the Committee on Monitoring and Trend Assessment in Acid Deposition.
Dr. Peter Foukal
PETER FOUKAL is the president of Heliophysics, Inc., and the founder and past-president of Cambridge Research and Instrumentation, Inc., a high-tech firm specializing in electro-optics. His experience includes research and teaching positions at the California Institute of Technology and Harvard University and a position as vice president of AER, Inc. He was awarded a NATO senior fellowship at Nice Observatory, France, and has served as member or chair of numerous panels and advisory boards of NSF and NASA. He is past-president of Division II of the International Astronomical Union (IAU), a past member of the editorial board of Solar Physics Journal, and presently a member of the Corporation of Wheelock College. Besides the IAU, his professional affiliations include memberships in the American Astronomical Society, and the AGU. He is author or co-author of more than 120 publications in scientific journals and author of the widely used text, Solar Astrophysics. Dr. Foukal earned his Ph.D. in astrophysics from Manchester University, U.K. His previous NRC experience includes serving on the Board of Atmospheric Science and Climate’s Committee on Solar and Terrestrial Research and the Associateship and Fellowship Programs Advisory Committee’s Panel on Space Sciences.
Dr. Joanna D. Haigh
Imperial College London
JOANNA D. HAIGH is professor and head of the Department of Atmospheric Physics at Imperial College, London. Prior to joining Imperial College as a lecturer, she was a research associate at Oxford University. Dr. Haigh’s research interests are in the area of radiative transfer in the atmosphere, climate modeling, radiative forcing of climate change, and the influence of solar irradiance variability on climate. She has been vice president of the Royal Meteorological Society, editor of Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, a lead author of the IPCC Third Assessment, and acted on many U.K. and international panels. Currently she is the U.K. representative to the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, editor of the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, and a member of the Royal Society’s Climate Change Advisory Group. She is a fellow of the Institute of Physics and of the Royal Meteorological Society, and she has received the Institute of Physics Charles Chree (now Appleton) Medal and Prize for her work on solar influences on climate. She earned her Ph.D. from Oxford University.
Dr. Isaac M. Held
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
ISAAC M. HELD (NAS) is a senior research scientist at NOAA’s Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, where he has spent most of his career. He is a lecturer with rank of professor at Princeton University in its Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program and is an associate faculty member in Princeton’s Applied and Computational Mathematics Program and in the Princeton Environmental Institute. Dr. Held’s research focuses on climate dynamics and climate modeling, with particular interests in the planetary-scale structure of the atmospheric circulation, climate sensitivity, and various aspects of geophysical turbulence. He is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and the AGU and a member of the NAS. Among other awards received are two Presidential Rank Awards for Government Service and the Carl Gustav Rossby Medal, the highest award of the American Meteorological Society. Dr. Held received his Ph.D. in atmospheric and oceanic sciences from Princeton University. Dr. Held is currently a member of the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, and his prior NRC service includes the Committee on Stabilization Targets for Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Concentrations.
Dr. Gerald A. Meehl
National Center for Atmospheric Research
GERALD A. MEEHL is a senior scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. His research interests include studying the interactions between El Niño/Southern Oscillation and the monsoons of Asia; identifying possible effects on global climate of changing anthropogenic forcings, such as carbon dioxide, as well as natural forcings, such as solar variability; and quantifying possible future changes of weather and climate extremes in a warmer climate. He was contributing author, lead author , and twice a coordinating lead author for the first four IPCC climate change assessment reports. He is currently a lead author on the near-term climate change chapter for the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report. He was a recipient of the Jule G. Charney Award of the American Meteorological Society. Dr. Meehl is an associate editor for the Journal of Climate, a fellow of the American Meteorological Society, and a visiting senior fellow at the University of Hawaii Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research. Dr. Meehl earned his Ph.D. in climate dynamics from the University of Colorado. He serves as co-chair of the Community Climate System Model Climate Change Working Group and co-chair of the World Climate Research Programme Working Group on Coupled Models. He is chair of the NRC’s Climate Research Committee, and he previously served on the NRC’s Panel on Climate Observing Systems Status.
Dr. Larry J. Paxton
Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics
LARRY J. PAXTON is a staff scientist and head of the Atmospheric and Ionospheric Remote Sensing Group at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL). He is the co-principal investigator for the global ultraviolet imager on the NASA Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) mission and the principal investigator on the Defense Meteorological Satellites Program’s special sensor ultraviolet spectrographic imager. His research focuses on the atmospheres and the ionospheres of the terrestrial planets, in particular the aeronomy of Earth’s upper atmosphere and the role of solar cycle and anthropogenic change in creating variability in the dynamics, energetics, and composition of the upper atmosphere. Dr. Paxton was APL’s chief scientist for the Ultraviolet and Visible Imagers and Spectrograph Imagers on the Midcourse Space Experiment. He has been involved in more than a dozen satellite, space shuttle, and sounding rocket experiments. He has served on several NASA and NSF committees, panels, and working groups and currently chairs the International Academy of Astronautics Commission 4 on Space Systems Utilization and Operations. Dr. Paxton has published nearly 200 papers on planetary and space science, instruments, remote sensing techniques, and space mission design. He earned his Ph.D. in astrophysical, planetary, and atmospheric sciences from the University of Colorado, Boulder. Dr. Paxton currently serves as a member of the NRC’s Panel on Atmosphere-Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Interactions of the Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics).
Dr. Carolus J. Schrijver
Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center
CAROLUS J. SCHRIJVER is principal physicist and a Lockheed Martin Fellow of the Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center. Past positions include fellow of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences at the Astronomical Institute of Utrecht, a research fellowship at the European Space Agency in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, and a research associateship at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Dr. Schrijver’s research focuses on the magnetic activity of the Sun, the coupling of the Sun's magnetic field into the heliosphere and its solar wind, and the manifestations of magnetic activity of other Sun-like stars. In addition to scientific research, he is actively involved in developing and operating space instrumentation: he was the science lead and later the principal investigator for the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer mission; he is the science lead for the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly of the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), and co-investigator on the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on SDO and on the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph Small Explorer Program. At Lockheed Martin, he is involved in defining and developing instrumentation for potential future heliophysics missions. He has served in NASA advisory functions, including the NASA Sun-Earth Connection strategic planning teams for 2000 and 2003, the Panel on Theory and Modeling of the NASA Living-With-a-Star (LWS) initiative, the LWS Science Architecture Team, the LWS Mission Operations Working Group, the Solar-Heliospheric Management Operations Working Group, the LWS Targeted Research and. Technology Steering Group, the Heliophysics Subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Council, and the science definition teams of the Solar Orbiter and Solar Sentinels. He received his Ph.D. in astrophysics from the University of Utrecht, the Netherlands. Prior NRC service included membership on the Space Studies Board and the Task Group on Ground-based Solar Research.
Dr. Ka-Kit Tung
University of Washington
KA-KIT TUNG is a professor in the Department of Applied Mathematics at the University of Washington, where he previously served as department head. Past positions include professorships at Clarkson University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and an associateship at Harvard University. Dr. Tung’s research interests include climate sensitivity and the terrestrial response to solar forcing and also atmospheric blocking and stratospheric blocking and ozone. He was a John Simon Guggenheim Fellow and is currently a Boeing Endowed Professor. He is editor-in-chief of the Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, editor of the Journal of Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, B. Dr. Tung received his Ph.D. in applied mathematics at Harvard University.
Dr. Peter A. Pilewskie
University of Colorado at Boulder
PETER PILEWSKIE is a professor in the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the University of Colorado at Boulder, with a joint appointment in the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP). He is the director of the joint LASP and NASA Goddard Sun Climate Research Center. Dr. Pilewskie is the principal investigator for the NOAA and NASA Joint Polar Satellite System Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensor and a co-investigator on the NASA Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment. His research interests include solar spectral variability and its effects on terrestrial climate; quantifying the Earth-atmosphere radiative energy budget; surface, airborne, and satellite remote sensing of clouds and aerosols; and theoretical atmospheric radiative transfer. Prior to his arrival at the University of Colorado, Dr. Pilewskie spent 15 years at the NASA Ames Research Center where his research centered on airborne measurements of atmospheric radiation, cloud and aerosol remote sensing, and analysis of the atmospheric radiative energy budget. Dr. Pilewskie was awarded the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal and is an elected member of the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences International Radiation Commission. He earned his Ph.D. at the University of Arizona.