Dr. Ellen D. Williams - (Chair)
University of Maryland, College Park
Ellen D. Williams (NAS) Chair, is the Chief Scientist at BP, where she is responsible for long range technology planning. Prior to joining BP, she worked for over thirty years in academia, obtaining her Ph.D at Caltech in 1981, and then moving to the University of Maryland, where she became a Distinguished University Professor in the Institute of Physical Science and Technology and the Department of Physics in 2000. Her research specialty in nanoscience lies at the intersection of physics, chemistry and materials science. In support of her research interests, in 1996 she founded the University of Maryland Materials Research Science and Engineering Center and served as its director for 15 years. In parallel, she has worked extensively in providing technical advice to the U.S. government, primarily through the Departments of Energy and Defence, including service on the Congressional Committee to Review the Strategic Posture of the United States.
Dr. Williams has published widely in her research specialty, and has served on a large number of professional committees and editorial boards. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a fellow of the American Physical Society, American Vacuum Society and American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and has been recognized by awards from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, the American Physical Society and the Materials Research Society.
Dr. Marvin L. Adams
Texas A&M University-College Station
Dr. Marvin L. Adams is a professor of nuclear engineering at Texas A&M University. He received his B.S in Nuclear Engineering from Mississippi State University in 1981, his M.S.E. in Nuclear Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1984, and his Ph.D. in Nuclear Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1986. From 1977-80, Dr. Adams was a Cooperative Education Student, with the Reactor Engineering Section in Tennessee Valley Authority’s Sequoyah Nuclear Plant. In 1982, he became a Nuclear Engineer with the Tennessee Valley Authority. He has served as a consultant to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, and Los Alamos National Laboratory. Between 2006-2007, he was the director of the Center for Large-scale Scientific Simulation at Texas A&M University. In 2005, he became the Associate Vice President for Research, Texas A&M University, and has held that post since then. Since 2002, Dr. Adams has been professor of Nuclear Engineering at Texas A&M University.
Dr. Theodore Bowyer
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Theodore Bowyer is a program manager and active scientist in the area of nuclear explosion monitoring and policy support at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. In 1994, he received a Ph.D. in nuclear physics from Indiana University and since that time has worked at PNNL in a variety of nonproliferation programs related to nuclear weapons material production detection, nuclear testing detection, and nonproliferation policy. He spent several years in the Office of Nonproliferation Policy at DOE/NNSA where he served as a scientific advisor on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and related Nuclear Testing Limitations treaties and agreements, as well as the Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty. Dr Bowyer has spent significant time serving the U.S. Delegations to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva and CTBT Working Group B (WGB) in Vienna as a technical advisor. Currently, Dr. Bowyer serves as the chair of the CTBT working group B (WGB) Radionuclide Expert Group and chair of the U.S. Radionuclide Subgroup of the Verification Monitoring Task Force. Ted Bowyer’s research interests include radioactive noble gas measurements, nuclear forensics, and nuclear detector development – including the design of the U.S. Automated Radioxenon Sampler-Analyzer (ARSA), which received Federal Laboratory Consortium award in 2001.
Ambassador Linton F. Brooks
U.S. Department of Energy [Retired]
Linton F. Brooks served from July 2002 to January 2007 as Administrator of the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration, where he was responsible for the U.S. nuclear weapons program and for the Department of Energy’s international nuclear nonproliferation programs. He has five decades of experience in national security, including service as Assistant Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Chief U.S. Negotiator for the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, Director of Defense Programs and Arms Control on the National Security Council staff, Vice President for Policy Analyses at the Center for Naval Analyses and a number of Navy and Defense Department assignments as a 30 year career naval officer. Currently he is an independent consultant on national security issues, a Senior Advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a Distinguished Research Fellow at the National Defense University, and an advisor to two of the Department of Energy weapons laboratories. Ambassador Brooks holds degrees in Physics from Duke University and in Government and Politics from the University of Maryland and is a Distinguished Graduate of the U.S. Naval War College.
Dr. Donald Cobb
Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Donald D. Cobb held several technical staff and management positions at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) beginning in 1976 including Division Leader for Space Science and Technology, Division Leader of Nonproliferation and International Security Division, and Associate Director for Threat Reduction. In 2004, he was named Deputy Director responsible for oversight of all LANL operations pending the transition of the University of California’s Laboratory management contract. Dr. Cobb retired from the University of California in 2006, and remains as a guest scientist at LANL. During his 30 years of experience in nuclear safeguards and weapon phenomenology, Dr. Cobb conducted research on the detection of atmospheric nuclear detonations and led designs of safeguards systems for nuclear power facilities. As project leader for the successful Beam Experiments Aboard Rocket (BEAR) experiment (1989), Dr. Cobb received a Laboratory Distinguished Performance Award and certificate of merit from the Department of Defense Strategic Defense Initiative Office. In 1991, he spent a year assigned at the Department of Energy’s Office of Space in Washington, D.C. In 1998-2000, he served as a member of the New Mexico Governor’s Space Commission. In 2002, he was a member of the Defense Science Board task force on nuclear threats. In 2006, Dr. Cobb was awarded the U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration’s Gold Medallion, its highest award for exceptional service. He is currently employed by the Department of Defense as a Highly Qualified Expert (nonproliferation and arms control) and serves as a senior advisor to the Director, Department of Defense Threat Reduction Agency. Dr. Cobb is a member of the University of New Mexico Space Technology and Applications International Forum steering committee, the American Physical Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from Northern Illinois University and a Master of Science and Ph.D. in theoretical nuclear physics from the University of Iowa. He currently serves on the boards of the United Way/Northern New Mexico and the LANL Foundation.
Dr. Richard L. Garwin
IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Richard L. Garwin (NAS/NAE/IOM) received his B.S. in Physics from Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland, in 1947, and his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1949. He is IBM Fellow Emeritus at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York. After three years on the faculty of the University of Chicago, he joined IBM Corporation in 1952, and was until June 1993 IBM Fellow at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York and Adjunct Professor of Physics at Columbia University. In addition, he is a consultant to the U.S. government on matters of military technology, arms control, and other security matters. He has been Director of the IBM Watson Laboratory, Director of Applied Research at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, and a member of the IBM Corporate Technical Committee. He has also been Professor of Public Policy in the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. He has made contributions in the design of nuclear weapons, in instruments and electronics for research in nuclear and low-temperature physics, in the establishment of the no conservation of parity and the demonstration of some of its striking consequences, in computer elements and systems, including superconducting devices, in communication systems, in the behavior of solid helium, in the detection of gravitational radiation, and in military technology. He has published more than 500 papers, has been granted 45 U.S. patents, and is coauthor of many books.
He was a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee 1962-65 and 1969-72, and of the Defense Science Board 1966-69. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, of the IEEE, and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; and a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine, the National Academy of Engineering, the Council on Foreign Relations, the International Institute of Strategic Studies and the American Philosophical Society. From 2001 to 2008 he chaired Department of State's Arms Control and Nonproliferation Advisory Board. In 2002 he was elected for a second 3-year term to the Council of the National Academy of Sciences. He is a member of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control of the National Academies of Science. He has received several awards from the U.S. Government, including the R.V. Jones Award for Scientific Intelligence, the Enrico Fermi Award, and the National Medal of Science.
Dr. Raymond Jeanloz
University of California, Berkeley
Raymond Jeanloz (NAS) is a professor of Earth and Planetary Science and of Astronomy at the University of California at Berkeley. He currently chairs the National Academy of Sciences' Committee on International Security and Arms Control, previously chaired the National Research Council's Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, and has served as an adviser to the Department of Energy, National Science Foundation and NASA, as well as the Directors of Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories. His work, including scientific research on the properties of materials at high pressures and temperatures and on the constitution and evolution of planetary interiors, has been recognized through fellowship in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Geophysical Union and American Physical Society, membership in the National Academy of Sciences, and a MacArthur Prize Fellowship. After completing his bachelor's degree (Amherst College, 1975), he received his Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology in 1979, and joined the faculty of Harvard University before moving to UC Berkeley in 1981.
Admiral Richard W. Mies
Richard Mies is an independent consultant, Chairman of the Department of Defense Threat Reduction Advisory Committee and a member of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control of the National Academy of Sciences. Admiral Mies was the fourth Commander in Chief, from 1998 to 2001, of United States Strategic Command, located at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. Admiral Mies graduated first in his class from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1967 with a Bachelor of Science degree with majors in mechanical engineering and mathematics. After completing training for submarine duty, he served on two nuclear attack submarines, USS Sunfish (SSN-649) and USS L. Mendel Rivers (SSN-686), and a ballistic missile submarine, USS Nathan Hale (SSBN-623) (BLUE), before commanding the nuclear attack submarine USS Sea Devil (SSN-664). He has served in various command positions including Commander, Submarine Development Squadron Twelve, Commander, Submarine Group Eight, and Commander, Submarine Force U.S. Atlantic Fleet. His staff positions include, Chief of Staff to Commander Submarine Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet, and Director, Strategic Target Plans and Deputy Director, Plans and Policy on the staff of Commander in Chief, U.S. Strategic Command. Admiral Mies has completed post-graduate education at Oxford University, England, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and Harvard University. He holds a Masters degree in government administration and international relations.
Dr. C. Bruce Tarter
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Dr. Bruce Tarter is the Director Emeritus of the University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and was the eighth director to lead the Laboratory since it was founded in 1952. A theoretical physicist by training and experience, he has spent most of his career at the Laboratory. As director, he led the Laboratory in its mission to ensure national security and apply science and technology to the important problems of our time. He received a bachelor's degree in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Ph.D. from Cornell University. His career at the Livermore Laboratory began in 1967 as a staff member in the Theoretical Physics Division. He led the Laboratory through the transition to a post-Cold War nuclear weapons world, helping to set the foundation for current programs in stewardship of the U.S. nuclear stockpile. He also worked to build the programs in nonproliferation and counter-terrorism, and in energy, environment, and bioscience. Tarter has served in a number of outside professional capacities. These include a six-year-period with the Army Science Board, service as an adjunct professor at the University of California, Davis, and membership on the California Council on Science and Technology, the Laboratory Operations Board (Secretary of Energy Advisory Board), Pacific Council on International Policy, Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee, the Council on Foreign Relations, and Draper Laboratory, member of the Corporation and the Board of Directors. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, received the Roosevelt’s Gold Medal Award for Science (1998), NNSA Gold Medal for Distinguished Service (2002), and the U.S. Department of Energy Exceptional Public Service Award (2002).