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Committee Membership Information

Project Title: Prevention of Proliferation of Biological Weapons: Challenges beyond the Former Soviet Union

PIN: DSCX-N-08-02-A        

Major Unit:
Policy and Global Affairs

Sub Unit: Development, Security and Cooperation


Schweitzer, Glenn

Subject/Focus Area: 

Committee Membership
Date Posted:   04/28/2008

Dr. Adel A.F. Mahmoud - (Chair)
Princeton University

Adel A. F. Mahmoud, M.D., Ph.D., is a professor at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and in the Department of Molecular Biology at Princeton University. He has recently retired as president of Merck Vaccines of Merck & Company, Inc. Before that, Dr. Mahmoud served at Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals as Chairman of Medicine and Physician-in-Chief. Dr. Mahmoud's academic pursuits focused on investigations of the determinants of infection and disease in human schistosomiasis and helminthic infections He has led the effort to develop new vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, rotavirus, shingles, and human papillomavirus. Dr. Mahmoud's leadership in setting global health strategies shaped the agenda of the Forum on Microbial Threats of the Institute of Medicine in recent years by tackling such topical issues as biological threats and bioterrorism; SARS; and Pandemic Flu. He is a member of the Expert Advisory Panel on Parasitic Diseases of the World Health Organization (WHO). He was elected to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in 1987, and he is a member of the NAS National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity and Committee on Scientific Communications and National Security (CSCANS). Dr. Mahmoud received an M.D. from the University of Cairo and a Ph.D. from the University of London, School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Dr. David A. Ashford
U.S. Department of Agriculture

David A. Ashford, D.V.M., is the regional director for international services in the Sao Paulo office of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Previously, he was team leader for research and special projects in the Public Health Emergency Preparedness Branch of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. While at the CDC, he served as team leader for review of epidemiological and scientific issues related to public health emergency preparedness and response, with an emphasis on biological and chemical terrorism. In addition, he serves as a subject matter expert for biological and chemical threat agents and interagency liaison on environmental health issues related to terrorism preparedness. As an expert on the epidemiology and control of zoonoses, his responsibilities include serving on several international and domestic steering committees, teaching, and developing or contributing to domestic and international guidelines. He has unique perspectives as to how DOD's international activities can fit into the broader array of U.S. government activities, and he has extensive experience in dealing with relevant officials and facilities throughout Latin America.

Dr. Gail H. Cassell
Eli Lilly and Company

Gail H. Cassell, Ph.D., is the vice president for scientific affairs and a Distinguished Lilly Research Scholar for Infectious Diseases at Eli Lilly and Company. She has received a number of awards for her research in infectious diseases and is a recent past president of the American Society of Microbiology. She has been active in national and international policy deliberations, including those of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Medical Science Program. She was also a member of the International Science and Technology Center Science Advisory Committee and a member of the steering committee of the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Medical Science Program. She is the recent chair of the Board of Scientific Counselors of the National Center for Infectious Diseases of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and a past member of the NIH National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Advisory Council and the NIH Director's Advisory Committee. In 2007, she served on the NRC Committee on Prevention of Proliferation of Biological Weapons. She is a member of the IOM Council.

Major Claire Cornelius
U.S. Department of the Army

Major Claire Cornelius, D.V.M., is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in microbiology as part of a U.S. Army Long-Term Health Education and Training (LTHET) opportunity at the University of Chicago. Her doctoral thesis research interests include plague pathogenesis and vaccine design. Before beginning her doctoral studies, she served as Post Veterinary Officer, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; Force Veterinarian, Multinational Forces and Observers, Sinai Peninsula with duty in Egypt and Israel; and Branch Chief, Yokosuka Branch Veterinary Services, Japan with additional duty in Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Hong Kong, and Indonesia in support of public health and civic action programs. She has completed the Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostician Course (FADD) at the Animal Disease Center/USDA located on Plum Island, New York and the Summer Institute in Tropical Medicine and Public Health at the School of Hygiene and Public Health at Johns Hopkins University. Additionally, she has been a member of two research teams investigating malaria and/or hemorrhagic viruses in the Amazon basin-Iquitos, Peru.

Dr. Timothy Endy
State University of New York, Upstate Medical University

Timothy Endy, M.D., currently serves as associate professor of medicine at the State University of New York Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, NY. Dr. Endy served in virology and emerging diseases in the U.S. Army Military Component in Bangkok, Thailand, from 1996 to 2001. Dr. Endy subsequently served in the Department of Virology at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, as Assistant Chief and then Chief of the division. From July 2003 until his retirement from the military at the rank of colonel in 2006, Dr. Endy served as Director of the Division of Communicable Diseases and Immunology of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. He has published extensively on the topic of infectious disease. In 2007, he served on the NRC Committee on Prevention of Proliferation of Biological Weapons. Dr. Endy received an M.P.H. from the University of Michigan and an M.D. from the Uniformed Services University.

Dr. Harvey Rubin
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Harvey Rubin, M.D., Ph.D., is Professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, where he has served as faculty since 1983. He also serves as Professor of Computer and Information Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. Dr. Rubin is additionally Director of the university's Institute for Strategic Threat Analysis and Response (ISTAR), and serves as a member of the School of Medicine Curriculum Committee. He was House Officer in Medicine at The Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston and did his fellowship in infectious diseases at Harvard and the Brigham. As a member of the International Committee of the National Science Advisory Board for Biological Security (NIH), Dr. Rubin regularly follows developments involving dual-use issues throughout the world. He received his Ph.D. in Molecular Biology from the University of Pennsylvania and his M.D. from Columbia University.

Dr. Richard L. Witter
U.S. Department of Agriculture

Richard L. Witter, D.V.M, Ph.D., served as a veterinary medical officer with the USDA-ARS-Avian Disease and Oncology Laboratory (ADOL) in East Lansing, Michigan, for 38 years (1964-2002). He currently serves as Collaborator with the ADOL and as Adjunct Professor with the Department of Pathobiology and Clinical Investigations at Michigan State University. Dr. Witter helped develop the first successful vaccine in the United States against Marek’s disease and has documented the evolution of this virus to greater virulence. He is a frequent speaker at technical conferences in the United States and other countries. He has received numerous awards and recognition for his research. For over 22 years, as director and research leader of ADOL, Dr. Witter administered a multidisciplinary research program on the biology of important avian viral neoplasms, as well as programs on recombinant DNA vaccines, immunogenetics, transgenic chickens, and genome mapping. He returned to the bench in 1998 where he pursued his personal research on Marek’s disease and avian leukosis until his retirement in 2002. He has been active in international activities involving grants programs in the Middle East and Central Asia. He helped initiate the ARS-Former Soviet Union Scientific Cooperation Program and has served as a scientific consultant to this program since its inception. Dr. Witter received his B.S. and D.V.M. from Michigan State University, and his M.S. and Ph.D. from Cornell University. He was elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences in 1998.

Committee Membership Roster Comments
There has been a change in the committee membership. Effective July 18, 2008, Ms. Susanna Partridge will no longer serve as a member of the committee, but rather as a consultant to the committee.