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Community Input Received by Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space

AuthorInstitutionTitleSummaryPanel SelectionFileName
Charles A. FullerUniversity of California, DavisGravitational Physiology: Science, Subjects, Technology, and a ProgramA description of scientific and programatic needs of the Space Life Science Community.Animal and Human Biology (AHB)

Integrative and Translational Research for the Human System (ITRHS)
CharlesAFullerAHBITRHS.pdf
Joshua Zimmerberg, MD, PhDNational Institutes of HealthBASIC RESEARCH ON LIVING SYSTEMS IN SPACE FLIGHT IS CRITICALLY NEEDEDThe best investment for federal funds of NASA is on research at the intersection of life sciences, engineering, planetary, and space sciences. NASA will never meet its goals for long-term space travel without fully investigating the effects of microgravity on living systems.Animal and Human Biology (AHB)

Integrative and Translational Research for the Human System (ITRHS)
JOSHUAZIMMERBERGAHB.doc
Sami AsmarJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of TechnologyRadio Science Techniques for Solar System Tests of General RelativityThe BepiColombo Mercury Orbiter Radio-science Experiment team will carry out high precision tests of relativistic gravity. 4 PPN parameters will be significantly improved; the solar oblateness will be determined along with any possible rate of change of the gravitational constant.Applied Physical Sciences (APS)

Fundamental Physical Sciences (FPS)
MORE-Radio Science Decadal White Paper 091031.pdf
Leslie Prufert-BeboutNASA Ames Research CenterMultiple platforms for basic and applied research on cyanobacteria and microbial mixed ecosystems for space.This submission describes an integrated, stepwise approach for promoting synergetic research on cyanobacteria and related terrestrial microbial ecosystems with dual goals of pursuing basic astrobiology, and applied (life support and ISRU potential) research objectives.Plant and Microbial Biology Panel (PMBP)LeslieEPrufert-BeboutPMBP_B.doc
Sami W. AsmarJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of TechnologyRadio Science Techniques for Solar System Tests of General RelativityThe BepiColombo Mercury Orbiter Radio-science Experiment team will carry out high precision tests of relativistic gravity. 4 PPN parameters will be significantly improved; the solar oblateness will be determined along with any possible rate of change of the gravitational constant.Applied Physical Sciences (APS)

Fundamental Physical Sciences (FPS)
MORE-Radio Science Decadal White Paper 091030.pdf
Jeffrey R. AlbertsIndiana UniversityPublic SpaceThis is an essay written in response to a newspaper editorial that challenged the value of the International Space Station. Many of the issues, as well as the underlying political and procedural forces remain current and relevant today. The space sciences and the public suffer as a result.None of the aboveJeffreyRAlberts.doc
Robert C. Morrow, Ph.D.Orbital Technologies CorporationBiomass Production System (BPS)/Plant Research Unit (PRU) StatusDescription of a plant research payload with flight heritage that was developed for operation on ISS to conduct basic gravitational biology research, and metabolic experiments related to advanced life support system development. The history, capabilities, status and path to flight are described.Plant and Microbial Biology Panel (PMBP)

Translation to Space Exploration Systems Panel (TSESP)
RobertCMorrowPMBPTSESP.pdf
Sandor L. LehoczkyNASA Marshall Space Flight CenterTopics in Materials Science Research in MicrogravityInformation is provided on a few selected research topics that could potentially benefit from performing solidification experiments from the liquid or vapor phases under microgravity conditions.Applied Physical Sciences (APS)SandorLLehoczkyAPS.doc
Jeffrey R. AlbertsIndiana UniversityThe Value and Primacy of Developmental Biology in SpaceThe role of gravity at all stages of the life cycle has long been identified as a high-priority topic in the space life sciences. NASA should reinstate its commitment to studying mammalian development in space and in altered gravitational environments. The rewards will be significant for both fundAnimal and Human Biology (AHB)JeffreyRAlbertsAHB.doc
Sky ShieldsLaRouche PACThe Significance of Biological Research in Space for the Development of a Unified Field TheoryThis report argues the necessity for extended biological experimentation in space, and its indispensable role if we are ever to achieve a true unification of gravitational and electromagnetic phenomena. It includes reference to relevant work by V. I. Vernadsky.Animal and Human Biology (AHB)

Fundamental Physical Sciences (FPS)
SkyJShieldsAHBFPS.pdf
Sharmila BhattacharyaNASA Ames Research CenterMolecular and Physiological Pathways Uncovered by Drosophila Research in Altered GravityWe outline the importance of the input that gravity-related research with Drosophila has provided to our understanding of molecular, genetic, cellular and physiological pathways of response and adaptation to new environmental conditions.Animal and Human Biology (AHB)Gravity-DrosophilaFnl2.pdf
Ruth K. GlobusNASA Ames Research CenterResearch Needed for Artificial Gravity Regimen to Prevent Multi-System Deficits caused by SpaceflightThis paper describes the scientific rationale for replacing earth's gravity to avoid many health risks of lengthy stays in space. Recommendations are provided for fundamental and translational research to help define mechanisms, risks and key elements of a successful artificial gravity regimen.Animal and Human Biology (AHB)

Integrative and Translational Research for the Human System (ITRHS)
RuthKGlobusAGBITRHS.pdf
Laurence R. HarrisYork University, Toronto, Ontario, CanadaAssessing the perceptual consequences of non-Earth environmentsThis white paper summarizes the need to measure the perceptual consequences of long-term exposure to reduced gravity environments. Such information is essential to establish astronaut comfort, optimum operational performance and for the design of appropriate living spaces.Animal and Human Biology (AHB)

Human Behavior and Mental Health Panel (HBMHP)
decadal survey harris.pdf
Robert W. PhillipsColorado State UniversityStatus of Biological Life Sciences Research in SpaceAll animals that fly or swim on Earth behave strangely in microgravity. They frantically turn somersaults or loops. This includes jellyfish, fish, tadpoles and birds. Fish on Skylab adapted to space in 18 days, rejecting vestibular control, while orienting to light. Hatched quail all died.Animal and Human Biology (AHB)RobertWPhillipsAHB.doc
Dr. M. A. BenjaminsonNSR-Touro Applied Bioscience Research ConsortiumMicrogravity impacts gene expression: implications for multigenerational Space ExplorationThis paper describes the need for investigating the affects of chronic altered gravity on earth biota during long term Space exploration missions.Plant and Microbial Biology Panel (PMBP)MorrisABenjaminsonPMBP.doc
Neil AshbyUniversity of ColoradoTesting the Gravitational Time Delay Predictions of General RelativityA new generation of clocks based on optical transitions in ions and atoms has achieved a great improvement in the achievable accuracy of time measurements. A fundamental and extremely precise test of the General Theory of Relativity that can be carried out in space with such clocks is describedFundamental Physical Sciences (FPS)NeilAshbyFPS.pdf
Ke-Xun SunStanford UniversityNanosat Science Instruments for Modular Gravitational Reference Sensor (MGRS)The Modular Gravitational Reference Sensor (MGRS)is a high performance core instrument for gravity sciences. We will use nanosats to test the key MGRS subsysems timely and cost effectively.Applied Physical Sciences (APS)

Fundamental Physical Sciences (FPS)
KexunSunFPSAPS.pdf
Joseph S. Tash, Ph.D.University of Kansas Medical CenterDecadal Survey- Appropriate Animal Models for Translational Research in SpaceFrom the beginning of space flight, animal models have been a significant source of essential biomedical data to establish/confirm the health risks. The need for this resource of biomedical data is now lacking in Space Exploration planning but is critical for health risk countermeasure development.Animal and Human Biology (AHB)

Integrative and Translational Research for the Human System (ITRHS)
Decadal Survey- Appropriate Animal Models for Translational Research in Space.doc
S. Pete WordenNASA Ames Research CenterTechnology Development for Fundamental Physics on Small SatellitesThe Space-Time Asymmetry Research (STAR) project, a jointly-proposed concept by the NASA Ames Research Center, Stanford University, and international partners from Saudi Arabia, Germany, and the UK, will test isotropy and symmetry of space-time at unprecedented precision using small satellites.Fundamental Physical Sciences (FPS)SimonPWordenFPS.pdf
Patrick J. McGinnisSpace Medicine AssociationSpace Radiation Issues for Exploration Beyond Low Earth OrbitRadiation is a prime issue for exploration beyound Low Earth OrbitIntegrative and Translational Research for the Human System (ITRHS)patrick.j.mcginnisITRHS.doc
Eduardo AlmeidaNASA Ames Research CenterThe Effects of Microgravity on CellsThis paper describes cellular effects of altered gravity on cells. Recommendations are provided for ground and flight fundamental gravitational cell biology, to help define mechanisms of altered gravity at the cellular level, required for informing policy decisions on human space exploration.Animal and Human Biology (AHB)eduardoaalmeida AHB.doc
Sharmila BhattacharyaNASA Ames Research CenterMolecular and Physiological Pathways Uncovered by Drosophila Research in Altered GravityWe outline the importance and describe the input that gravity-related research with Drosophila has provided to our understanding of molecular, genetic, cellular and physiological pathways of response and adaptation to new environmental conditions.Animal and Human Biology (AHB)Gravity-DrosophilaFinal.pdf
Sami W. AsmarJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of TechnologyRadio Science Techniques for Solar System Tests of General RelativityThe BepiColombo Mercury Orbiter Radio-science Experiment team will carry out high precision tests of relativistic gravity. 4 PPN parameters will be significantly improved; the solar oblateness will be determined along with any possible rate of change of the gravitational constant.Applied Physical Sciences (APS)

Fundamental Physical Sciences (FPS)
MORE-Radio Science Decadal White Paper 091017.pdf
Edward WrightTeachers in SpaceNew Opportunities for Scientific Research Afforded by the Emerging Commercial Spaceflight IndustryA new commercial human spaceflight industry is now emerging. During the next decade, a range of commercial vehicles and facilities will become available, which can enable a range of scientific applications that have not been feasible or affordable in the past.Integrative and Translational Research for the Human System (ITRHS)

Translation to Space Exploration Systems Panel (TSESP)
EdwardWrightITRHS-TSESP.pdf
David UrbanNASA Glenn Research CenterCombustion Science Research Opportunities in Low-gravity and Partial GravityThis paper discusses the prior progress in low-gravity combustion research and the future opportunities in low-gravity and partial gravity for combustion and reacting systems research.Fundamental Physical Sciences (FPS)

Translation to Space Exploration Systems Panel (TSESP)
DavidLUrbanFPSTSESP.docx
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